Download Thermal Solar Desalination Ebook PDF

Thermal Solar Desalination

Thermal Solar Desalination
Methods and Systems

by Vassilis Belessiotis,Soteris Kalogirou,Emmy Delyannis

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-06-28
  • Pages : 382
  • ISBN : 0128097825
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Thermal Solar Desalination: Methods and Systems presents numerous thermal seawater desalination technologies varying from the very simple, easy to construct and operate solar stills, to the more advance membrane and indirect distillation methods. All types of solar thermal desalination technologies are presented in detail to enable readers to comprehend the subject, from design details to enabling further research to be carried out in this area. The various units used in desalination are outlined, along with diagrams of all detailed working principles of desalination methods and systems. The authors consider the economic aspects of these processes, demonstrating successful implementation of desalination units suitable for areas where supplies of fresh water in natural ways is limited or non-existent. Includes detailed descriptions and design of all types of solar thermal desalination systems Lists a comprehensive record of seawater and fresh water thermophysical properties required in the design of desalination systems Contains equations to calculate and analyze the performance of the processes examined and assesses their practicality and application

Solar Desalination Technology

Solar Desalination Technology
A Book

by Anil Kumar,Om Prakash

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-04-23
  • Pages : 357
  • ISBN : 9811368872
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book presents the latest developments and advances in solar desalination technology, including the concept, design, testing, modeling, economics and innovation. The chapters in this volume are contributed by leading international researchers and are based on original research material. The contents of this volume will be of interest to researchers, professionals, and policymakers alike.

Advanced Solar Desalination for Tourism Industry in Cyprus

Advanced Solar Desalination for Tourism Industry in Cyprus
Innovative Themal Desalination Technology

by Roshan Chandwankar

  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release : 2017-03-28
  • Pages : 134
  • ISBN : 3668422982
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Master's Thesis from the year 2016 in the subject Engineering - General, Basics, grade: 1, , language: English, abstract: Despite the fact that global water is apparently abundant, almost half of the world faces the water scarcity especially in the Mediterranean and North African regions. The main purpose of this work is the assessment of Multiple Effect Distillation, a thermal desalination technique in water stressed countries in the Mediterranean region. The thesis describes a case study for desalination plant solution of capacity 900 m3/d for a hotel location in Cyprus. The study features plant design and the performance data ensuring low specific electrical and thermal energy consumption. A detailed mathematical model is developed for the 8 - effect desalination plant which is based on the mass and energy balances for the streams flowing through each stage of the MED unit. The performance of the desalination can be predicted. An improved model for the desalination technology can be suggested by installing an additional unit called as thermo – vapour compressor. The Gained Output Ratio (GOR) and specific thermal energy consumption values of 13.6 and 40.1 kWhth/m3 respectively are obtained from the improved model. The plant can be operated throughput the year by implementing an innovative technique of sea water preheating. This helps in achieving the required brine feed temperature of about 43 – 48 °C. The improved plant model is assessed by a simulation software, DEEP. The Mediterranean region has huge potential in renewable energy especially in solar thermal energy. A medium temperature parabolic trough collector operat-ing at 180 °C will be used to supply the steam for desalination plant. With the fossil fuels powering most of the desalination plants, the use of solar thermal energy can be a clean and sustainable option and an ideal benchmark for the future renewable desalination plants.

Solar Desalination for the 21st Century

Solar Desalination for the 21st Century
A Review of Modern Technologies and Researches on Desalination Coupled to Renewable Energies

by Lucio Rizzuti,Hisham M. Ettouney,Andrea Cipollina

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-01-23
  • Pages : 379
  • ISBN : 1402055064
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Water scarcity affects the African, Asian, European and American continents, causing serious problems of social welfare and stability. This book of the NATO Science Series presents the state of the art of Desalination Technologies driven by Renewable Energies, highlighting the results achieved in the research field and presenting the potentialities of such technologies. Following an Advanced Research Workshop held in Tunisia from the 23rdto the 25thof February 2006 and collecting prominent scientists from more than 20 different countries, several contributions were selected from researchers, technicians, and industrial representatives, each focused on several different aspects of the use of renewable energies for desalination. Moreover, several regional overviews illustrate the actual state of RE exploitation in most of the countries interested by water scarcity and abundant availability of solar, wind and other renewable energies.

SOLAR ENERGY CONVERSION AND PHOTOENERGY SYSTEMS: Thermal Systems and Desalination Plants-Volume III

SOLAR ENERGY CONVERSION AND PHOTOENERGY SYSTEMS: Thermal Systems and Desalination Plants-Volume III

by Julian Blanco Gálvez, Sixto Malato Rodríguez, E. Delyannis, Vassilis G. Belessiotis, S. C. Bhattacharya and S. Kumar

  • Publisher : EOLSS Publications
  • Release : 2010-11-20
  • Pages : 492
  • ISBN : 1848263775
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Solar Energy Conversion and Photoenergy Systems: Thermal Systems and Desalination Plants theme in five volumes is a component of Encyclopedia of Energy Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Solar Energy Conversion and Photoenergy Systems: Thermal Systems and Desalination Plants with contributions from distinguished experts in the field, discusses solar energy, renewable energy, thermal systems, and desalination systems, some of which are already in commercial and practical applications and others are under research and testing level. The volumes provide an analysis and discussion about the reasons behind the current efforts of our society, considering both developed and developing countries, to accelerate the exploitation of the huge solar energy potential in our normal daily lives. The five volumes also provide some basic information about the solar energy potential, history and the amazing trip of a photon from its creation in the Sun until its arrival to the Earth. These five volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers, NGOs and GOs.

Solar Energy Desalination Technology

Solar Energy Desalination Technology
A Book

by Hongfei Zheng

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-01-20
  • Pages : 784
  • ISBN : 0128094222
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Solar Energy Desalination Technology explains how to obtain clean water from sea water using solar energy. Special methods and types used in solar desalination are introduced, providing new thoughts, concepts, and feasible solutions in the desalination field, along with the thermal and economic efficiency relating to current technology. Many places in the world are suffering from fresh water shortage. However, those places are often rich with solar resources, sea water, and/or brackish water resources that could dramatically benefit from solar energy as a viable solution for the production of fresh water. Explains the principles of solar thermal energy usage to produce clean water from sea water Introduces and explains new kinds of solar desalination systems, including their technical level and working principle Provides fundamental knowledge on water treatment and solar collection

RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS AND DESALINATION - Volume IV

RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS AND DESALINATION - Volume IV

by Anonim

  • Publisher : EOLSS Publications
  • Release : 2010-09-19
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 1848264321
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Renewable Energy Systems and Desalination is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The two volumes present state-of-the art subject matter of various aspects of Renewable Energy Systems and Desalination such as: A Short Historical Review Of Renewable Energy; Renewable Energy Resources; Desalination With Renewable Energy - A Review; Renewable Energy And Desalination Systems; Why Use Renewable Energy For Desalination; Thermal Energy Storage; Electrical Energy Storage; Tidal Energy; Desalination Using Tidal Energy; Wave Energy; Availability Of Wind Energy And Its Estimation; The Use Of Geothermal Energy In Desalination; Solar Radiation Energy (Fundamentals); High Temperature Solar Concentrators; Medium Temperature Solar Concentrators (Parabolic-Troughs Collectors); Low Temperature Solar Collectors; Solar Photovoltaic Energy Conversion; Photovoltaics; Flat-Plate Collectors; Large Active Solar Systems: Load; Integration Of Solar Pond With Water Desalination; Large Active Solar Systems: Typical Economic Analysis; Evacuated Tube Collectors; Parabolic Trough Collectors; Central Receivers; Configuration, Theoretical Analysis And Performance Of Simple Solar Stills; Development In Simple Solar Stills; Multi-Effect Solar Stills; Materials For Construction Of Solar Stills; Reverse Osmosis By Solar Energy; Solar Distillation; Solar Photochemistry; Photochemical Conversion Of Solar Energy; Availability Of Solar Radiation And Its Estimation; Economics Of Small Solar-Assisted Multipleeffect Seawater Distillation Plants; A Solar-Assisted Sea Water Multiple Effect Distillation Plant 15 Years Of Operating Performance (1985-1999);Mathematical Simulation Of A Solar Desalination Plant; Mathematical Models Of Solar Energy Conversion Systems; Multiple Effect Distillation Of Seawater Using Solar Energy – The Case Of Abu Dhabi Solar Desalination Plant; Solar Irradiation Fundamentals; Water Desalination By Humidification And Dehumidification Of Air, Seawater Greenhouse Process. These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy and Decision Makers

Solar Energy Update

Solar Energy Update
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1977
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

A Novel Design for a Solar Powered Multistage Flash Desalination

A Novel Design for a Solar Powered Multistage Flash Desalination
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Highlights: A solar powered MSF distillation design with direct brine heating and dual-tank thermal storage. A novel design operates without the needs of brine heaters and heat exchanging fluids. System allows continuous operation with tracking available solar energy. The system controls the mass and the temperature of daily feed-water by solar energy. High rates of distillate production relative to collector surface area. Abstract: This work presents a new design for a solar powered multistage flash (MSF) desalination plant, which reduces solar collector area compare to other designs and is capable of operating continuously. The proposed design uses an array of concentrating solar collectors and a pair of thermal storage tanks, each with enough capacity to supply the MSF with brine for one day. Unlike many other solar desalination approaches, the brine is directly circulated through the array, eliminating the need for a heat exchanger and medium fluid. Each day, one of the tanks receives pre-heated brine from the MSF, which is further heated to a top brine temperature (TBT) by circulation through the solar array (charging mode). At the end of each day, the fully charged tank switches to discharging mode, and feeds the MSF with brine while the other tank enters charging mode. The system is designed for the tanks to alternate roles at approximately sunset each day. Seasonal changes in available solar energy are handled by modifying the mass flows, such that the same TBT is always achieved. This novel dual-tank approach serves to isolate the MSF from daily variations in solar energy, and it allows the brine to gradually reach TBT each day, minimizing losses. A dynamic model of the heat and mass transfers is used to simulate this design, resulting in an average daily production of 53 kg of distillate per square meter of solar collector area. The resulting system uses a solar collection area of 42, 552 square meters to provide the average daily production about 2230 cubic meters of fresh water with total water price $2.72 per cubic meters.

Solar Distillation Practice for Water Desalination Systems

Solar Distillation Practice for Water Desalination Systems
A Book

by G. N. Tiwari,A. K. Tiwari

  • Publisher : Anshan Pub
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book essentially summarises the water shortage crisis in the world and its possible solution by using solar energy through solar stills. The world is facing an urgent problem. By 2015, 40 per cent of the world's population will be living in regions without adequate fresh water supply. Presently, almost all sea water desalination plans are electricity based and highly power intensive. With more than half the world likely to become dependent on sea water desalination such an energy-expensive scenario is clearly not sustainable.The aim of the book is to provide the most recent information on various practices, developments and improvements in water distillation, heat and mass transfer in solar distillation, thermal modelling and embedded energy of solar stills, and the applications of solar distillation in today's world. The concluding chapter also deals with economic analysis of solar distillation. To simplify the subject, figures, tables, solved examples and problems with hints are given at the end of each chapter, and there are appendices and a glossary of meaningful terms to assist the reader. The authors have written an outstanding academic work which carries weight and resonance beyond university courses and libraries, and which impacts on the global population.

Energy: a Continuing Bibliography with Indexes

Energy: a Continuing Bibliography with Indexes
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1979
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Solar Energy Engineering

Solar Energy Engineering
Processes and Systems

by Soteris A. Kalogirou

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013-10-25
  • Pages : 840
  • ISBN : 0123972566
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Energy policy promoting sustainable development is transforming global energy markets. Solar power, the most abundant of all renewable resources, is crucial to greater achieving energy security and sustainability. This new edition of Solar Energy Engineering: Processes and Systems from Prof. Soteris Kalogirou, a renowned expert with over thirty years of experience in renewable energy systems and applications, includes revised and updated chapters on all areas of solar energy engineering from the fundamentals to the highest level of current research. The book includes high interest topics such as solar collectors, solar water heating, solar space heating and cooling, industrial process heat, solar desalination, photovoltaic technology, solar thermal power systems, modeling of solar energy systems and includes a new chapter on wind energy systems. As solar energy’s vast potential environmental and socioeconomic benefits are broadly recognized, the second edition of Solar Energy Engineering: Processes and Systems will provide professionals and students with a resource on the basic principles and applications of solar energy systems and processes and can be used as a reference guide to practicing engineers who want to understand how solar systems operate and how to design the systems. Written by one of the world’s most renowned experts in solar energy with over thirty years of experience in renewable and particularly solar energy applications Provides updated chapters including new sections detailing solar collectors, uncertainties in solar collector performance testing, building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV), thermosiphonic systems performance prediction and solar updraft tower systems Includes a new chapter on wind energy systems Packed with reference tables and schematic diagrams for the most commonly used systems

Desalination

Desalination
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Advanced Solar-Distillation Systems

Advanced Solar-Distillation Systems
Basic Principles, Thermal Modeling, and Its Application

by G. N. Tiwari,Lovedeep Sahota

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-07-29
  • Pages : 468
  • ISBN : 9811046727
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book is primarily intended to serve as a textbook and reference work for graduate and professional training coursework on solar desalination of water. The book begins with an introduction to the increasing demand for potable water, various types of water pollution and its impacts on human health, and goes on to cover basics of desalination technologies. It covers all aspects of solar-energy based distillation and desalination for producing potable water resources, including radiation and heat transfer concepts, a history of solar distillation systems, and background on solar collectors. The contents include thermal modeling and parametric study of solar distillation. Energy and exergy aspects are analyzed in detail, including energy matrices of solar distillation. A special chapter on exeroeconomics introduces fundamental equations which include the general balance equation, thermodynamic balance equations, and economic balance equations. A chapter on Economic Analysis of Solar Distillation completes the coverage. The book includes solved examples and end-of-chapter exercises in the form of both problems and objective-type questions. The contents of this book are useful to students, researchers, professionals, and policymakers looking for a comprehensive resource on solar desalination.

Seawater Desalination

Seawater Desalination
Conventional and Renewable Energy Processes

by Andrea Cipollina,Giorgio Micale,Lucio Rizzuti

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-12-24
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN : 9783642011504
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

A growing proportion of the world’s population is dependent on Seawater Desalination as a source of fresh water for both potable and civil use. One of the main drawbacks of conventional desalination technologies is the substantial energy requirement, which is facing cost increases in the global energy market. "Seawater Desalination" presents an overview of conventional and non-conventional technologies, with a particular focus on the coupling of renewable energies with desalination processes. The first section of this book presents, in a technical but reader-friendly way, an overview of currently-used desalination processes, from thermal to membrane processes, highlighting the relevant technical features, advantages and disadvantages, and development potential. It also gives a rapid insight into the economic aspects of fresh water production from seawater. The second section of the book presents novel processes which use Renewable Energies for fresh water production. From the first solar still evaporators, which artificially reproduced the natural cycle of water, technology has progressed to develop complex systems to harness energy from the sun, wind, tides, waves, etc. and then to use this energy to power conventional or novel desalination processes. Most of these processes are still at a preliminary stage of development, but some are already being cited as examples in remote areas, where they are proving to be valuable in solving the problems of water scarcity. A rapid growth in these technologies is foreseen in the coming years. This book provides a unique foundation, within the context of present and future sustainability, for professionals, technicians, managers, and private and public institutions operating in the area of fresh water supply.

Solar Energy Conversion and Photoenergy Systems

Solar Energy Conversion and Photoenergy Systems
Thermal Systems and Desalination Plants. Volume II

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN : 9781848268258
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Thermal Engineering

Thermal Engineering
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Solar Energy Pocket Reference

Solar Energy Pocket Reference
Second edition

by David Thorpe

  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release : 2017-11-14
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN : 131761612X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This handy pocket reference provides a wealth of practical information relating to solar energy and solar energy technologies. Topics covered include solar radiation and its detailed measurement, the emissivity and absorption properties of materials, solar thermal energy collection and storage, photovoltaics (both at all scales), solar cooling, and the use of solar energy for desalination and drying. The book also includes conversion factors, standards and constants and is peppered throughout with helpful illustrations, equations and explanations, as well as a chapter making the business case for solar power. Anyone with an interest in solar energy, including energy professionals and consultants, engineers, architects, academic researchers and students, will find a host of answers in this book – a practical assimilation of fundamentals, data, technologies and guidelines for application.

Survey of Economic and Social Developments in the ESCWA Region

Survey of Economic and Social Developments in the ESCWA Region
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1986
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Physics and Technology of Solar Energy

Physics and Technology of Solar Energy
Volume 1: Solar Thermal Applications

by H.P. Garg,M. Dayal,G. Furlan,A.A.M Sayigh

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 609
  • ISBN : 9400939396
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The 'fuel crises' in 1972-73 generated world wide effort f6r the search for an Alternative Energy source to fossil fuels. Solar energy waS identified as one of the alternatives to fossil fuels. On one hand the developed countries are trying to maintain their standard of living while the developing countries are trying to solve their industrial, social and economical problems to increase their standard of living. After this period a lot of Research and Development in the field of solar energ'y was carried out both in developing and developed countries and solar energy i. utilized in domestic, agricultural and indvstrial sectors and also in the space. During the period of "Oil Crises" industrialized countries expended their activities in solar energy and substantial progress was made. In f. ew developing countries seperate funding in the field of solar energy R&D was also provided through national and international, organizations. Time has now come when one should . eriously look into the problems and screen, select, adapt, and manage emerging solar energy technology for its use in developing countries. Also the International Organizations will have to play a major role in this direction which may assist building up of a local Solar energy' R&D and manufacturing capabilities in developing countries which should be based ori a long term but on necessary basis.