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Thin Film Micro-Optics

Thin Film Micro-Optics
New Frontiers of Spatio-Temporal Beam Shaping

by Ruediger Grunwald

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2007-02-19
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN : 9780080471259
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Thin-film microoptics" stands for novel types of microoptical components and systems which combine the well-known features of miniaturized optical elements with the specific advantages of thin optical layers. This approach enables for innovative solutions in shaping light fields in spatial, temporal and spectral domain. Low-dispersion and small-angle systems for tailoring and diagnosing laser pulses under extreme conditions as well as VUV-capable microoptics can be realized. Continuous-relief microstructures of refractive, reflective and hybrid characteristics are obtained by vapor deposition technologies with shadow masks in rotating systems. The book gives a comprehensive overview on fundamental laws of microoptics, types of thin-film microoptical components, methods and constraints of their design, fabrication and characterization, structure transfer into substrates, optical functions and applications. Recent theoretical and experimental results of basic and applied research are addressed. Particular emphasis will be laid on the generation of localized, nondiffracting few-cycle wavepackets of extended depth of focus and high tolerance against distortions. It is shown that the spectral interference of ultrabroadband conical beams results in spatio-temporal structures of characteristic X-shape, so-called X-waves, which are interesting for robust optical communication. New prospects are opened by exploiting small conical angles from nanolayer microoptics and self-apodized truncation of Bessel beams leading to the formation of single-maximum nondiffracting beams or "needle beams". Thin-film microoptical beam shapers have an enormous potential for future applications like the two-dimensional ultrafast optical processing, multichannel laser-matter interaction, nonlinear spectroscopy or advanced measuring techniques. - Introduces a new and promising branch of microoptics - Gives a compact overview on the types, properties and applications of the most important microoptical components containing valuable data and facts - Helps to understand the basic optical laws - Reports on the historical development line of thin-film microoptics - Provides brand new results of research and development in the field of ultrashort-pulse laser beam shaping and diagnostics - Discusses the future trends and first approaches of next generation microoptics - Contains a carefully assorted glossary of the most important technical terms

Thin Films for Optical Systems

Thin Films for Optical Systems
A Book

by Flory

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1995-07-06
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN : 9780824796334
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This work presents advances in thin films for applications in the fields of integrated optics, micro-optics, optical telecommunications and optoelectronics. It delineates the performance characteristics needed for graded coatings, damage-resistant laser coatings and many others. Basic theory and applications are illustrated.

Optical Thin Films and Coatings

Optical Thin Films and Coatings
From Materials to Applications

by Angela Piegari,François Flory

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2018-06-19
  • Pages : 860
  • ISBN : 0081020996
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Optical Thin Films and Coatings: From Materials to Applications, Second Edition, provides an overview of thin film materials and their properties, design and manufacture across a wide variety of application areas. Sections explore their design and manufacture and their unconventional features, including the scattering properties of random structures in thin films, optical properties at short wavelengths, thermal properties and color effects. Other chapters focus on novel materials, including organic optical coatings, surface multiplasmonics, optical thin films containing quantum dots, and optical coatings, including laser components, solar cells, displays and lighting, and architectural and automotive glass. The book presents a technical resource for researchers and engineers working with optical thin films and coatings. It is also ideal for professionals in the security, automotive, space and other industries who need an understanding of the topic. Provides thorough review of applications of optical coatings including laser components, solar cells, glazing, displays and lighting One-stop reference that addresses deposition techniques, properties, and applications of optical thin films and coatings Novel methods, suggestions for analysis, and applications makes this a valuable resource for experts in the field as well

Micro-Optics and Energy

Micro-Optics and Energy
Sensors for Energy Devices

by Jacob J. Lamb,Bruno G. Pollet

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-06-11
  • Pages : 207
  • ISBN : 3030436764
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a brief research source for optical fiber sensors for energy production and storage systems, discussing fundamental aspects as well as cutting-edge trends in sensing. This volume provides industry professionals, researchers and students with the most updated review on technologies and current trends, thus helping them identify technology gaps, develop new materials and novel designs that lead to commercially viable energy storage systems.

Tunable Micro-optics

Tunable Micro-optics
A Book

by Hans Zappe,Claudia Duppé

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2015-12-17
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1316477789
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presenting state-of-the-art research into the dynamic field of tunable micro-optics, this is the first book to provide a comprehensive survey covering a varied range of topics including novel materials, actuation concepts and new imaging systems in optics. Internationally renowned researchers present a diverse range of chapters on cutting-edge materials, devices and subsystems, including soft matter, artificial muscles, tunable lenses and apertures, photonic crystals, and complete tunable imagers. Special contributions also provide in-depth treatment of micro-optical characterisation, scanners, and the use of natural eye models as inspiration for new concepts in advanced optics. With applications extending from medical diagnosis to fibre telecommunications, Tunable Micro-optics equips readers with a solid understanding of the broader technical context through its interdisciplinary approach to the realisation of new types of optical systems. This is an essential resource for engineers in industry and academia, and advanced students working on optical systems design.

Diffractive Optics and Optical Microsystems

Diffractive Optics and Optical Microsystems
A Book

by S. Martellucci,Arthur N. Chester

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-06-29
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN : 1489914749
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings of the 20th Course of the International School of Quantum Electronics held in Erice, Italy, November 14-24, 1996

Fundamentals of Micro-Optics

Fundamentals of Micro-Optics
A Book

by Hans Zappe

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2010-09-30
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1139493639
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From optical fundamentals to advanced applications, this comprehensive guide to micro-optics covers all the key areas for those who need an in-depth introduction to micro-optic devices, technologies, and applications. Topics covered range from basic optics, optical materials, refraction, and diffraction, to micro-mirrors, micro-lenses, diffractive optics, optoelectronics, and fabrication. Advanced topics, such as tunable and nano-optics, are also discussed. Real-world case studies and numerous worked examples are provided throughout, making complex concepts easier to follow, whilst an extensive bibliography provides a valuable resource for further study. With exercises provided at the end of each chapter to aid and test understanding, this is an ideal textbook for graduate and advanced undergraduate students taking courses in optics, photonics, micro-optics, microsystems, and MEMs. It is also a useful self-study guide for research engineers working on optics development.

Thin-Film Organic Photonics

Thin-Film Organic Photonics
Molecular Layer Deposition and Applications

by Tetsuzo Yoshimura

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-12-19
  • Pages : 370
  • ISBN : 1351833855
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Among the many atomic/molecular assembling techniques used to develop artificial materials, molecular layer deposition (MLD) continues to receive special attention as the next-generation growth technique for organic thin-film materials used in photonics and electronics. Thin-Film Organic Photonics: Molecular Layer Deposition and Applications describes how photonic/electronic properties of thin films can be improved through MLD, which enables precise control of atomic and molecular arrangements to construct a wire network that achieves "three-dimensional growth". MLD facilitates dot-by-dot—or molecule-by-molecule—growth of polymer and molecular wires, and that enhanced level of control creates numerous application possibilities. Explores the wide range of MLD applications in solar energy and optics, as well as proposed uses in biomedical photonics This book addresses the prospects for artificial materials with atomic/molecular-level tailored structures, especially those featuring MLD and conjugated polymers with multiple quantum dots (MQDs), or polymer MQDs. In particular, the author focuses on the application of artificial organic thin films to: Photonics/electronics, particularly in optical interconnects used in computers Optical switching and solar energy conversion systems Bio/ medical photonics, such as photodynamic therapy Organic photonic materials, devices, and integration processes With its clear and concise presentation, this book demonstrates exactly how MLD enables electron wavefunction control, thereby improving material performance and generating new photonic/electronic phenomena.

Micro-Optics

Micro-Optics
Elements, Systems And Applications

by H. P. Herzig

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2014-04-21
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN : 1482272806
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This text examines the technology behind the plethora of modern industrial and domestic technologies which incorporate micro-optics eg. CDs, cameras, automated manufacturing systems, mobile communications etc. It includes a simple but comprehensive introduction to micro-optical developments design, and an overview of fabrication and replication technology. The theoretical, practical and industrial developments in micro-scale optoelectronics continue apace in the late 1990s. In this book, a distinguished group of physicists and engineers describe the current state of research and applications in micro-optics. It provides the theoretical background and an overview of current technology, with several chapters taking a deeper look at specific recent applications and future trends. The book concentrates on diffractive and refractive micro- optical elements, such as lenses, fan-out gratings, optimized phase elements and polarisers. Sections are included on the simulation and optimization of design for micro-optics and subsequently the efficient transformation from design to real optical elements, using techniques such as e-beam writing, laser beam writing, lithography, etching and thin film deposition.

Electromagnetic Optics of Thin-Film Coatings

Electromagnetic Optics of Thin-Film Coatings
Light Scattering, Giant Field Enhancement, and Planar Microcavities

by Claude Amra,Michel Lequime,Myriam Zerrad

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2020-12-31
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1108809758
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Three experts in the field of thin-film optics present a detailed and self-contained theoretical study of planar multilayers and how they can be effectively exploited in both traditional and modern applications. Starting with a discussion of the relevant electromagnetic optics, the fundamental optical properties of multilayers are introduced using an electromagnetic approach based on a direct solving of Maxwell's equations by Fourier transforms. This powerful approach is illustrated through the comprehensive description of two of the most important phenomena in multilayers, i.e. giant field enhancement in dielectric stacks and light scattering from thin-film optical filters. The same approach is extended to the description of the operation of planar microcavities and the balance of energy between radiated and trapped light. This book will be valuable to researchers, engineers and graduate students with interests in nanophotonics, optical telecommunications, observational astronomy and gravitational wave detection.

International Conference on Thin Film Physics and Applications

International Conference on Thin Film Physics and Applications
Proceedings

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thin Film Shape Memory Alloys

Thin Film Shape Memory Alloys
Fundamentals and Device Applications

by Shuichi Miyazaki,Yong Qing Fu,Wei Min Huang

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2009-09-03
  • Pages : 459
  • ISBN : 0521885760
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first dedicated book describing the properties, preparation, characterization and device applications of TiNi-based shape memory alloys.

Passive Micro-Optical Alignment Methods

Passive Micro-Optical Alignment Methods
A Book

by Robert A. Boudreau,Sharon M. Boudreau

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-10-03
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 1420027727
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The most expensive phase in the manufacture of micro-optical components and fiber optics is also one of the most performance-critical: optical alignment of the components. The increasing degree of miniaturization makes this an especially challenging task. Active alignment methods result in higher costs and awkward processes, and for some applications, they simply are not possible. Passive Micro-Optical Alignment Methods introduces the passive alignment methods that are currently available and illustrates them with many examples, references, and critiques. The first book dedicated to passive alignment, it begins with an overview of the current activities, requirements, and general results of passive optical alignments, followed by three sections of in-depth analysis. The first of these discusses mechanical passive alignment, highlighting silicon waferboard, solder, and "Jitney" technologies as well as application of mechanical alignment to 3D free-space interconnects. The next section describes the various visual alignment techniques applied to Planar Lightwave Circuits (PLCs) and low-cost plastic and surface mount packaging. The final section details various utilities that aid passive alignment and their resulting tradeoffs and demonstrates Monte Carlo analysis to evaluate the potential of a given method. Passive Micro-Optical Alignment Methods provides the tools necessary to meet the challenge of precision and low-cost alignment for applications that require micron or sub-micron tolerance.

Handbook of Thin Film Deposition

Handbook of Thin Film Deposition
A Book

by Krishna Seshan,Dominic Schepis

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2018-02-23
  • Pages : 470
  • ISBN : 0128123125
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Thin Film Deposition, Fourth Edition, is a comprehensive reference focusing on thin film technologies and applications used in the semiconductor industry and the closely related areas of thin film deposition, thin film micro properties, photovoltaic solar energy applications, materials for memory applications and methods for thin film optical processes. The book is broken up into three sections: scaling, equipment and processing, and applications. In this newly revised edition, the handbook will also explore the limits of thin film applications, most notably as they relate to applications in manufacturing, materials, design and reliability. Offers a practical survey of thin film technologies aimed at engineers and managers involved in all stages of the process: design, fabrication, quality assurance, applications and the limitations faced by those processes Covers core processes and applications in the semiconductor industry and new developments within the photovoltaic and optical thin film industries Features a new chapter discussing Gates Dielectrics

Optical Interference Coatings

Optical Interference Coatings
A Book

by Norbert Kaiser,Hans K. Pulker

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2013-06-29
  • Pages : 503
  • ISBN : 3540363866
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Designed to give a concise but complete overview of the field, this book features contributions written by leading experts in the various areas. Topics include design, materials, film growth, deposition including large area, characterization and monitoring, and mechanical stress.

Laser Heat-Mode Lithography

Laser Heat-Mode Lithography
Principle and Methods

by Jingsong Wei

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-11-20
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 9811509433
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a systematic description and analysis of laser heat-mode lithography, addressing the basic principles, lithography system, manipulation of feature size, grayscale lithography, resist thin films, and pattern transfer, while also presenting typical experimental results and applications. It introduces laser heat-mode lithography, where the resist thin films are essentially an opto-thermal response to the laser beam with changeable wavelength and are not sensitive to laser wavelength. Laser heat-mode lithography techniques greatly simplify production procedures because they require neither a particular light source nor a particular environment; further, there are no pre-baking and post-baking steps required for organic photoresists. The pattern feature size can be either larger or smaller than the laser spot by adjusting the writing strategy. The lithographic feature size can also be arbitrarily tuned from nanoscale to micrometer without changing the laser spot size. Lastly, the line edge roughness can be controlled at a very low value because the etching process is a process of breaking bonds among atoms. The book offers an invaluable reference guide for all advanced undergraduates, graduate students, researchers and engineers working in the fields of nanofabrication, lithography techniques and systems, phase change materials, etc.

Microoptics

Microoptics
A Book

by Stefan Sinzinger,Jürgen Jahns

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2006-03-06
  • Pages : 447
  • ISBN : 3527606327
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microoptics is an important enabling technology for many areas of application. In this updated second edition of their modern text and reference book, Stefan Sinzinger and Jürgen Jahns expertly and comprehensively present the basics and applications in microoptics, while incorporating the most important developments in recent years. An absolute must for physicists and electrical engineers, from advanced students right up to designers working in the field.

MEMS Technology for Biomedical Imaging Applications

MEMS Technology for Biomedical Imaging Applications
A Book

by Qifa Zhou,Yi Zhang

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-10-23
  • Pages : 218
  • ISBN : 303921604X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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MOEMS

MOEMS
Micro-opto-electro-mechanical Systems

by M. Edward Motamedi

  • Publisher : SPIE Press
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 614
  • ISBN : 9780819450210
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book introduces the exciting and fast-moving field of MOEMS to graduate students, scientists, and engineers by providing a foundation of both micro-optics and MEMS that will enable them to conduct future research in the field. Born from the relatively new fields of MEMS and micro-optics, MOEMS are proving to be an attractive and low-cost solution to a range of device problems requiring high optical functionality and high optical performance. MOEMS solutions include optical devices for telecommunication, sensing, and mobile systems such as v-grooves, gratings, shutters, scanners, filters, micromirrors, switches, alignment aids, lens arrays, and hermetic wafer-scale optical packaging. An international team of leading researchers contributed to this book, and it presents examples and problems employing cutting-edge MOEM devices. It will inspire researchers to further advance the design, fabrication, and analysis of MOEM systems.

Optical Microscanners and Microspectrometers using Thermal Bimorph Actuators

Optical Microscanners and Microspectrometers using Thermal Bimorph Actuators
A Book

by Gerhard Lammel,Sandra Schweizer,Philippe Renaud

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2002-01-31
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN : 9780792376552
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Optical Microscanners and Microspectrometers using Thermal Bimorph Actuators shows how to design and fabricate optical microsystems using innovative technologies and and original architectures. A barcode scanner, laser projection mirror and a microspectrometer are explained in detail, starting from the system conception, discussing simulations, choice of cleanroom technologies, design, fabrication, device test, packaging all the way to the system assembly. An advanced microscanning device capable of one- and two-dimensional scanning can be integrated in a compact barcode scanning system composed of a laser diode and adapted optics. The original design of the microscanner combines efficiently the miniaturized thermal mechanical actuator and the reflecting mirror, providing a one-dimensional scanning or an unique combination of two movements, depending on the geometry. The simplicity of the device makes it a competitive component. The authors rethink the design of a miniaturized optical device and find a compact solution for a microspectrometer, based on a tunable filter and a single pixel detector. A porous silicon technology combines efficiently the optical filter function with a thermal mechanical actuator on chip. The methodology for design and process calibration are discussed in detail. The device is the core component of an infrared gas spectrometer.