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Toughening Mechanisms in Composite Materials

Toughening Mechanisms in Composite Materials
A Book

by Qinghua Qin,Jianqiao Ye

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-05-26
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 1782422919
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Toughening Mechanisms in Composite Materials aims to provide a comprehensive and technically detailed coverage of composites and their toughening mechanisms. Unique in its direct and comprehensive approach, the book presents fundamental knowledge on composites’ toughening mechanisms as well as a comprehensive treatment of numerical methods. This volume summarizes the current state-of-the-art and presents the most recent research outcomes in the field. It details the development of each of the techniques, beginning with basic principles, and new concepts are illustrated with examples wherever possible. Covers particle-reinforced composites, fibre-reinforced composites and other toughening mechanisms Analyses toughening mechanisms in a broad range of composite materials Developments in nanotube toughened composites and toughened graphene ceramic composites are examined

Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials

Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials
A Book

by Andreas Mortensen

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2006-12-08
  • Pages : 1050
  • ISBN : 9780080524627
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials draws its material from the award-winning Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, and includes updates and revisions not available in the original set. This customized collection of articles provides a handy reference for materials scientists and engineers with an interest in composite materials made from polymers, metals, ceramics, carbon, biocomposites, nanocomposites, wood, cement, fibers, etc. Brings together articles from the Encyclopedia of Materials: Science & Technology that focus on the essentials of composite materials, including recent updates Every article has been commissioned and written by an internationally recognized expert and provides a concise overview of a particular aspect of the field Enables rapid reference; extensive bibliographies, cross-referencing and indexes guide the user to the most relevant reading in the primary literature Covers areas of active research, such as biomaterials and porous materials

Damage Tolerance Improvement of Composite Materials by Resin Toughening Mechanisms

Damage Tolerance Improvement of Composite Materials by Resin Toughening Mechanisms
A Book

by Gareth Brown

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Numerical Modelling of Failure in Advanced Composite Materials

Numerical Modelling of Failure in Advanced Composite Materials
A Book

by Pedro P. Camanho,Stephen R. Hallett

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2015-08-07
  • Pages : 562
  • ISBN : 0081003420
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Numerical Modelling of Failure in Advanced Composite Materials comprehensively examines the most recent analysis techniques for advanced composite materials. Advanced composite materials are becoming increasingly important for lightweight design in aerospace, wind energy, and mechanical and civil engineering. Essential for exploiting their potential is the ability to reliably predict their mechanical behaviour, particularly the onset and propagation of failure. Part One investigates numerical modeling approaches to interlaminar failure in advanced composite materials. Part Two considers numerical modelling approaches to intralaminar failure. Part Three presents new and emerging advanced numerical algorithms for modeling and simulation of failure. Part Four closes by examining the various engineering and scientific applications of numerical modeling for analysis of failure in advanced composite materials, such as prediction of impact damage, failure in textile composites, and fracture behavior in through-thickness reinforced laminates. Examines the most recent analysis models for advanced composite materials in a coherent and comprehensive manner Investigates numerical modelling approaches to interlaminar failure and intralaminar failure in advanced composite materials Reviews advanced numerical algorithms for modeling and simulation of failure Examines various engineering and scientific applications of numerical modelling for analysis of failure in advanced composite materials

Composite Materials

Composite Materials
Testing and Design : a Conference

by H. T. Corten

  • Publisher : ASTM International
  • Release : 1972
  • Pages : 609
  • ISBN : 9780803101340
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Toughening Mechanisms in Quasi-Brittle Materials

Toughening Mechanisms in Quasi-Brittle Materials
A Book

by S.P. Shah

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 612
  • ISBN : 9401133883
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A variety of ceramic materials has been recently shown to exhibit nonlinear stress strain behavior. These materials include transformation-toughened zirconia which undergoes a stress-induced crystallographic transformation in the vicinity of a propagating crack, microcracking ceramics, and ceramic-fiber reinforced ceramic matrices. Since many of these materials are under consideration for structural applications, understanding fracture in these quasi-brittle materials is essential. Portland cement concrete is a relatively brittle material. As a result mechanical behavior of concrete, conventionally reinforced concrete, prestressed concrete and fiber reinforced concrete is critically influenced by crack propagation. Crack propagation in concrete is characterized by a fracture process zone, microcracking, and aggregate bridging. Such phenomena give concrete toughening mechanisms, and as a result, the macroscopic response of concrete can be characterized as that of a quasi-brittle material. To design super high performance cement composites, it is essential to understand the complex fracture processes in concrete. A wide range of concern in design involves fracture in rock masses and rock structures. For example, prediction of the extension or initiation of fracture is important in: 1) the design of caverns (such as underground nuclear waste isolation) subjected to earthquake shaking or explosions, 2) the production of geothermal and petroleum energy, and 3) predicting and monitoring earthquakes. Depending upon the grain size and mineralogical composition, rock may also exhibit characteristics of quasi-brittle materials.

Composite Materials: Testing and Design (second conference)

Composite Materials: Testing and Design (second conference)
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : ASTM International
  • Release : 1972
  • Pages : 609
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Introduction to Physical Polymer Science

Introduction to Physical Polymer Science
A Book

by Leslie H. Sperling

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2005-12-07
  • Pages : 880
  • ISBN : 047170606X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An Updated Edition of the Classic Text Polymers constitute the basis for the plastics, rubber, adhesives, fiber, and coating industries. The Fourth Edition of Introduction to Physical Polymer Science acknowledges the industrial success of polymers and the advancements made in the field while continuing to deliver the comprehensive introduction to polymer science that made its predecessors classic texts. The Fourth Edition continues its coverage of amorphous and crystalline materials, glass transitions, rubber elasticity, and mechanical behavior, and offers updated discussions of polymer blends, composites, and interfaces, as well as such basics as molecular weight determination. Thus, interrelationships among molecular structure, morphology, and mechanical behavior of polymers continue to provide much of the value of the book. Newly introduced topics include: * Nanocomposites, including carbon nanotubes and exfoliated montmorillonite clays * The structure, motions, and functions of DNA and proteins, as well as the interfaces of polymeric biomaterials with living organisms * The glass transition behavior of nano-thin plastic films In addition, new sections have been included on fire retardancy, friction and wear, optical tweezers, and more. Introduction to Physical Polymer Science, Fourth Edition provides both an essential introduction to the field as well as an entry point to the latest research and developments in polymer science and engineering, making it an indispensable text for chemistry, chemical engineering, materials science and engineering, and polymer science and engineering students and professionals.

Fracture Mechanics of Ceramics

Fracture Mechanics of Ceramics
Active Materials, Nanoscale Materials, Composites, Glass, and Fundamentals

by R.C. Bradt,D. Munz,M. Sakai,Ken W. White

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-01-11
  • Pages : 636
  • ISBN : 0387289208
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The 8th International Symposium on fracture mechanics of ceramics was held in on the campus of the University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA, on February 25-28, 2003. With the natural maturing of the fields of structural ceramics, this symposium focused on nano-scale materials, composites, thin films and coatings as well as glass. The symposium also addressed new issues on fundamentals of fracture mechanics and contact mechanics, and a session on reliability and standardization.

Computer Aided Design in Composite Material Technology III

Computer Aided Design in Composite Material Technology III
A Book

by Suresh Advani,W.R. Blain,W.P. de Wilde,J.W. Gillespie,O.H. Griffin

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 636
  • ISBN : 940112874X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Co-published with Computational Mechanics Publications, UK. Papers presented at the Third International Conference on Computer Aided Technology Design in Composite Material Technology, University of Delaware, Newark, USA, May 1992.

Interface of Ceramic-Matrix Composites

Interface of Ceramic-Matrix Composites
Design, Characterization, and Damage Effects

by Longbiao Li

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-08-26
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 3527828036
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book "Interfaces of Ceramic-Matrix Composites" demonstrates the definition, function and type of the interface of ceramic-matrix composites and gives comprehensive investigations on the interface design, interface characterization, interface assessment, and interface damage law of both C/SiC and SiC/SiC ceramic-matrix composites subjected to tensile and fatigue loading at different testing conditions. Thereby, it helps material designers and engineers to better design ceramic-matrix composite components for applications.

Advanced Engineering Materials and Modeling

Advanced Engineering Materials and Modeling
A Book

by Ashutosh Tiwari,N. Arul Murugan,Rajeev Ahuja

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-08-12
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 1119242541
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The engineering of materials with advanced features is driving the research towards the design of innovative materials with high performances. New materials often deliver the best solution for structural applications, precisely contributing towards the finest combination of mechanical properties and low weight. The mimicking of nature's principles lead to a new class of structural materials including biomimetic composites, natural hierarchical materials and smart materials. Meanwhile, computational modeling approaches are the valuable tools complementary to experimental techniques and provide significant information at the microscopic level and explain the properties of materials and their very existence. The modeling also provides useful insights to possible strategies to design and fabricate materials with novel and improved properties. The book brings together these two fascinating areas and offers a comprehensive view of cutting-edge research on materials interfaces and technologies the engineering materials. The topics covered in this book are divided into 2 parts: Engineering of Materials, Characterizations & Applications and Computational Modeling of Materials. The chapters include the following: Mechanical and resistance behavior of structural glass beams Nanocrystalline metal carbides - microstructure characterization SMA-reinforced laminated glass panel Sustainable sugarcane bagasse cellulose for papermaking Electrospun scaffolds for cardiac tissue engineering Bio-inspired composites Density functional theory for studying extended systems First principles based approaches for modeling materials Computer aided materials design Computational materials for stochastic electromagnets Computational methods for thermal analysis of heterogeneous materials Modelling of resistive bilayer structures Modeling tunneling of superluminal photons through Brain Microtubules Computer aided surgical workflow modeling Displaced multiwavelets and splitting algorithms

Toughening Mechanisms in Continuous Filament Unidirectionally Reinforced Composites

Toughening Mechanisms in Continuous Filament Unidirectionally Reinforced Composites
A Book

by RC. Jones,EF. Olster

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1972
  • Pages : 17
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The fracture toughness perpendicular to the reinforcement of a composite is much greater than the volume fraction average of the fracture toughnesses of its components. Several years ago Outwater and Mandell independently proposed that the high toughness of glass reinforced plastics is due to the tensile energy stored in the debonded region for the fibers in the vicinity of the fracture surface. Using appropriate modifications of Irwin's expression for the strain energy release rate, this concept is shown to be valid in other composite systems as well. Analogies also extend its use to composites with ductile fibers and elastoplastic matrices. The data imply that the toughness contribution of the fiber to the overall composite toughness is proportional to the irrecoverable energy in the fiber, that is, the elastic and plastic energy within a debonded region of the fiber or within a portion of the fiber encased by matrix material that has yielded. The results obtained here, in conjunction with the Outwater-Mandell toughening mechanism, lead to a unified concept of toughening in fiber reinforced materials.

Interfaces in Metal Matrix Composites

Interfaces in Metal Matrix Composites
Composite Materials, Vol. 1

by Arthur G. Metcalfe

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-06-15
  • Pages : 436
  • ISBN : 1483216675
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Interfaces in Metal Matrix Composites, Volume 1 presents the position of the science of interfaces, as well as the necessary background for the effort in progress to apply these materials. The book discusses the mechanical and physical aspects of the interface; the effect of the interface on longitudinal tensile properties; and the effect of the filament-matrix interface on off-axis tensile strength. The text also describes the role of the interface on elastic-plastic composite behavior; the effect of interface on fracture; and the interfaces in oxide reinforced metals and in directionally solidified eutectics. The effect of impurity on reinforcement-matrix compatibility is also considered. Metallurgical engineers and people involved in the study of materials science will find the book invaluable.

Application of Fracture Mechanics to Composite Materials

Application of Fracture Mechanics to Composite Materials
A Book

by K. Friedrich

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-12-02
  • Pages : 686
  • ISBN : 0444597212
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This multiauthor volume provides a useful summary of current knowledge on the application of fracture mechanics to composite materials. It has been written to fill the gap between the literature on fundamental principles of fracture mechanics and the special publications on the fracture properties of conventional materials, such as metals, polymers and ceramics. The data are represented in the form of about 420 figures (including diagrams, schematics and photographs) and 80 tables. The author index covers more than 500 references, and the subject index more than 1000 key words.

Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials

Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials
A Book

by A. Kelly

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-12-02
  • Pages : 349
  • ISBN : 0080912656
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials, first published as a hardbound edition in 1989, has been updated and revised and is now available as a paperback for individual researchers requiring a fundamental reference source for this dynamic field. Since 1989, research involving composite materials has advanced rapidly and this revised edition reflects those changes with the addition of new articles, including recent work on nanocomposites, smart composite materials systems, and metallic multilayers. The 67 articles included in this revised edition are presented in alphabetical order and each provides an introduction to one aspect of composite materials. Every article is extensively cross-referenced and includes a full bibliography. The volume contains over 250 photographs, drawings and tables as well as exhaustive subject and author indexes. The comprehensive breadth of coverage of the field of composite materials makes this volume an invaluable source of reference for materials scientists and mechanical engineers involved in industrial and academic research into the fabrication, properties and applications of composite materials.

Advanced Composites in Aerospace Engineering Applications

Advanced Composites in Aerospace Engineering Applications
A Book

by Norkhairunnisa Mazlan,S.M. Sapuan,R.A. Ilyas

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2022-02-21
  • Pages : 522
  • ISBN : 303088192X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents an authoritative account of the potential of advanced composites such as composites, biocomposites, composites geopolymer, hybrid composites and hybrid biocomposites in aerospace application. It documents how in recent years, composite materials have grown in strength, stature, and significance to become a key material of enhanced scientific interest and resultant research into understanding their behavior for selection and safe use in a wide spectrum of technology-related applications. This collection highlights how their unique combination of superior properties such as low density, high strength, high elastic modulus, high hardness, high temperature capability, and excellent chemical and environmental stability are optimized in technologies within these field.

Fiber-Reinforced Nanocomposites: Fundamentals and Applications

Fiber-Reinforced Nanocomposites: Fundamentals and Applications
A Book

by Baoguo Han,Sumit Sharma,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Longbiao Li,K. Subrahmanya Bhat

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-03-13
  • Pages : 614
  • ISBN : 0128199105
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fiber-reinforced Nanocomposites: Fundamentals and Applications explores the fundamental concepts and emerging applications of fiber-reinforced nanocomposites in the automobile, aerospace, transportation, construction, sporting goods, optics, electronics, acoustics and environmental sector. In addition, the book provides a detailed overview of the properties of fiber-reinforced nanocomposites, including discussion on embedding these high-strength fibers in matrices. Due to the mismatch in structure, density, strain and thermal expansion coefficients between matrix and fibers, their thermo-mechanical properties strongly depend not only on the preparative methods, but also on the interaction between reinforcing phase and matrix phase. This book offers a concise overview of these advances and how they are leading to the creation of stronger, more durable classes of nanocomposite materials. Explores the interaction between fiber, nanoreinforcers and matrices at the nanoscale Shows how the properties of fiber-enforced nanocomposites are ideal for use for a variety of consumer products Outlines the major challenges to creating fiber-reinforced nanocomposites effectively

16th Annual Conference on Composites and Advanced Ceramic Materials, Part 1 of 2

16th Annual Conference on Composites and Advanced Ceramic Materials, Part 1 of 2
A Book

by John B. Wachtman

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2009-09-28
  • Pages : 581
  • ISBN : 0470316128
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume is part of the Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceeding (CESP) series. This series contains a collection of papers dealing with issues in both traditional ceramics (i.e., glass, whitewares, refractories, and porcelain enamel) and advanced ceramics. Topics covered in the area of advanced ceramic include bioceramics, nanomaterials, composites, solid oxide fuel cells, mechanical properties and structural design, advanced ceramic coatings, ceramic armor, porous ceramics, and more.

ECO-COMPASS

ECO-COMPASS
Ecological and Multifunctional Composites for Application in Aircraft Interior and Secondary Structures

by Xiaosu Yi,Konstantinos Tserpes

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-04-25
  • Pages : 154
  • ISBN : 3038976903
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Today, mainly man-made materials, such as carbon and glass fibers, are used to produce composite parts in aviation. Renewable materials, such as natural fibers or bio-sourced resin systems, have not yet found their way into aviation. The project ECO-COMPASS aims to evaluate the potential applications of ecologically improved composite materials in the aviation sector in an international collaboration of Chinese and European partners. Natural fibers such as flax and ramie will be used for different types of reinforcements and sandwich cores. Furthermore, bio-based epoxy resins to substitute bisphenol-A based epoxy resins in secondary structures are under investigation. Adapted material protection technologies to reduce environmental influence and to improve fire resistance are needed to fulfil the demanding safety requirements in aviation. Modelling and simulation of chosen eco-composites aims for an optimized use of materials while a Life Cycle Assessment aims to prove the ecological advantages compared to synthetic state-of-the-art materials. This Special Issue provides selected papers from the project consortium partners.