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Traffic-Related Air Pollution

Traffic-Related Air Pollution
A Book

by Haneen Khreis,Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Josias Zietsman,Tara Ramani

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-08-20
  • Pages : 648
  • ISBN : 0128181230
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Traffic-Related Air Pollution synthesizes and maps TRAP and its impact on human health at the individual and population level. The book analyzes mitigating standards and regulations with a focus on cities. It provides the methods and tools for assessing and quantifying the associated road traffic emissions, air pollution, exposure and population-based health impacts, while also illuminating the mechanisms underlying health impacts through clinical and toxicological research. Real-world implications are set alongside policy options, emerging technologies and best practices. Finally, the book recommends ways to influence discourse and policy to better account for the health impacts of TRAP and its societal costs. Overviews existing and emerging tools to assess TRAP’s public health impacts Examines TRAP’s health effects at the population level Explores the latest technologies and policies--alongside their potential effectiveness and adverse consequences--for mitigating TRAP Guides on how methods and tools can leverage teaching, practice and policymaking to ameliorate TRAP and its effects

Traffic-Related Air Pollution

Traffic-Related Air Pollution
A Book

by Haneen Khreis,Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Josias Zietsman,Tara Ramani

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-09-02
  • Pages : 648
  • ISBN : 0128181222
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Traffic-Related Air Pollution synthesizes and maps TRAP and its impact on human health at the individual and population level. The book analyzes mitigating standards and regulations with a focus on cities. It provides the methods and tools for assessing and quantifying the associated road traffic emissions, air pollution, exposure and population-based health impacts, while also illuminating the mechanisms underlying health impacts through clinical and toxicological research. Real-world implications are set alongside policy options, emerging technologies and best practices. Finally, the book recommends ways to influence discourse and policy to better account for the health impacts of TRAP and its societal costs. Overviews existing and emerging tools to assess TRAP's public health impacts Examines TRAP's health effects at the population level Explores the latest technologies and policies--alongside their potential effectiveness and adverse consequences--for mitigating TRAP Guides on how methods and tools can leverage teaching, practice and policymaking to ameliorate TRAP and its effects

Health Effects of Transport-related Air Pollution

Health Effects of Transport-related Air Pollution
A Book

by Michał Krzyżanowski,Birgit Kuna-Dibbert,Jürgen Schneider

  • Publisher : WHO Regional Office Europe
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 190
  • ISBN : 9289013737
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Diseases related to the air pollution caused by road transport affect tens of thousands of people in the WHO Europe region each year. This publication considers the policy challenges involved in the need to reduce the related risks to public health and the environment, whilst meeting socio-economic requirements for effective transport systems. It sets out a systematic review of the literature and a comprehensive evaluation of the health hazards of transport-related air pollution, including factors determining emissions, the contribution of traffic to pollution levels, human exposure and the results of epidemiological and toxicological studies to identify and measure the health effects, and suggestions for policy actions and further research.

The Impact of Traffic Related Air Pollution in Northern Ireland

The Impact of Traffic Related Air Pollution in Northern Ireland
A Book

by Danielle Magowan

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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CIGOS 2019, Innovation for Sustainable Infrastructure

CIGOS 2019, Innovation for Sustainable Infrastructure
Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Geotechnics, Civil Engineering Works and Structures

by Cuong Ha-Minh,Dong Van Dao,Farid Benboudjema,Sybil Derrible,Dat Vu Khoa Huynh,Anh Minh Tang

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-10-10
  • Pages : 1264
  • ISBN : 981150802X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents selected articles from the 5th International Conference on Geotechnics, Civil Engineering Works and Structures, held in Ha Noi, focusing on the theme “Innovation for Sustainable Infrastructure”, aiming to not only raise awareness of the vital importance of sustainability in infrastructure development but to also highlight the essential roles of innovation and technology in planning and building sustainable infrastructure. It provides an international platform for researchers, practitioners, policymakers and entrepreneurs to present their recent advances and to exchange knowledge and experience on various topics related to the theme of “Innovation for Sustainable Infrastructure”.

Urban Traffic Pollution

Urban Traffic Pollution
A Book

by Dietrich Schwela,Olivier Zali

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1998-11-12
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 0419237208
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Noise and air pollution from motor vehicles have a major impact on the physical and mental well-being of urban residents worldwide. Although control measures have already been implemented in most developed countries, noise and air pollution have only recently become major problems in many developing countries, as rapid industrial growth, population increase and improved living standards have led to an increase in car ownership. If control measures are not implemented swiftly in developing countries, the effects on public health will be extremely serious. This book, which has been prepared by WHO in collaboration with the Ecotoxicology Service of the Department of Public Health in Geneva, discusses global trends in noise and air pollution from motor vehicles, their effects on public health, and the control measures available. This book discusses: * global trends of motor vehicle air pollution * its effects on public health * the various control measures available

Traffic-Related Air Pollution

Traffic-Related Air Pollution
A Book

by Haneen Khreis,Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Josias Zietsman,Tara Ramani

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-08-20
  • Pages : 648
  • ISBN : 0128181230
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Traffic-Related Air Pollution synthesizes and maps TRAP and its impact on human health at the individual and population level. The book analyzes mitigating standards and regulations with a focus on cities. It provides the methods and tools for assessing and quantifying the associated road traffic emissions, air pollution, exposure and population-based health impacts, while also illuminating the mechanisms underlying health impacts through clinical and toxicological research. Real-world implications are set alongside policy options, emerging technologies and best practices. Finally, the book recommends ways to influence discourse and policy to better account for the health impacts of TRAP and its societal costs. Overviews existing and emerging tools to assess TRAP’s public health impacts Examines TRAP’s health effects at the population level Explores the latest technologies and policies--alongside their potential effectiveness and adverse consequences--for mitigating TRAP Guides on how methods and tools can leverage teaching, practice and policymaking to ameliorate TRAP and its effects

Air Quality

Air Quality
Measurement and Modeling

by Philip John Sallis

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2016-12-14
  • Pages : 196
  • ISBN : 9535127640
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Addressing the matter of air quality in a collection of focused scientific topic chapters is timely as a contribution to the international discussion and challenges of global warming and climate change. This book engages with the debate by considering some of the social, public health, economic and scientific issues that relate to the contribution made by airborne pollutants to the observable trending variances in weather, climate and atmospheric conditions. From a wide range of submissions for inclusion in the book, there are seven carefully selected chapters that individually relate to air sampling and analysis: the monitoring, measurement and modelling of air quality. The authors come from a range of academic and scientific disciplines, and each is internationally credited in his/her field. This book will appeal to scholars, to students and generally to those interested in the following contemporary thought in the matter of environment pollution, air quality and the issues of climate and atmosphere the world is facing today.

Urban Transportation and Air Pollution

Urban Transportation and Air Pollution
A Book

by Akula Venkatram,Nico Schulte

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-06-12
  • Pages : 188
  • ISBN : 0128115076
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Urban Transportation and Air Pollution synthesizes state-of-the-art methods on estimating near-road concentrations of roadway emissions. The book provides the information needed to make estimates using methods based on a minimal set of model inputs that can be applied by a wide range of users in many situations. Discussions include methods to estimate traffic emission under numerous urban driving conditions, the uncertainty of emission models, and the effects of road configurations, such as near-road solid barriers. Final sections present dispersion models that link traffic emissions with near road concentrations in urban environments. Addressing transportation-related environmental issues is extremely important as urban areas are constantly searching for ways to mitigate impacts from transportation sources. This book helps to explain dispersion models, a critical tool for estimating the impact of roadway emissions in cities. Compiles and synthesizes the state-of-the-science methods for estimating roadway emissions Demonstrates, with clear examples, how modeling methods reduce uncertainties in real-world problems Emphasizes how local-scale, semi-empirical, steady-state modeling can be applied using only a small set of inputs Offers an overview of the meteorology that governs air pollution dispersion in cities

Clinical Handbook of Air Pollution-Related Diseases

Clinical Handbook of Air Pollution-Related Diseases
A Book

by Fabio Capello,Antonio Vittorino Gaddi

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-02-21
  • Pages : 679
  • ISBN : 3319627317
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book examines in detail the clinical implications of those diseases that either are primarily triggered by air pollution or represent direct consequences of air pollutants. The aim is to provide medical practitioners with practical solutions to issues in diagnosis and treatment while simultaneously furnishing other interested parties with crucial information on the field. The book introduces the concept that air pollution-related diseases constitute a new class of pathologies. A wide range of conditions mainly attributable to air pollution are discussed, covering different body systems and pollution impacts in subsets of the population. In addition to presenting state of the art overviews of clinical aspects, the book carefully examines the implications of current knowledge for social and public health strategies aimed at disease prevention and prophylaxis. The Clinical Handbook of Air Pollution-Related Diseases will greatly assist doctors and healthcare workers when dealing with the consequences of air pollution in their everyday practice and will provide researchers, industry, and policymakers with valuable facts and insights.

The Cost of Air Pollution

The Cost of Air Pollution
Health Impacts of Road Transport

by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

  • Publisher : Organization for Economic
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 79
  • ISBN : 9789264210424
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Outdoor air pollution kills more than 3 million people across the world every year, and causes health problems from asthma to heart disease for many more. This is costing societies very large amounts in terms of the value of lives lost and ill health. Based on extensive new epidemiological evidence since the 2010 Global Burden of Disease study, and OECD estimates of the Value of Statistical Life, this report provides evidence on the health impacts from air pollution and the related economic costs.

Current Air Quality Issues

Current Air Quality Issues
A Book

by Farhad Nejadkoorki

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2015-10-21
  • Pages : 656
  • ISBN : 9535121804
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Air pollution is thus far one of the key environmental issues in urban areas. Comprehensive air quality plans are required to manage air pollution for a particular area. Consequently, air should be continuously sampled, monitored, and modeled to examine different action plans. Reviews and research papers describe air pollution in five main contexts: Monitoring, Modeling, Risk Assessment, Health, and Indoor Air Pollution. The book is recommended to experts interested in health and air pollution issues.

Environmental Impact II

Environmental Impact II

by G. Passerini,C.A. Brebbia

  • Publisher : WIT Press
  • Release : 2014-05-14
  • Pages : 768
  • ISBN : 1845647629
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book contains papers presented at the 2nd International Conference on Environmental and Economic Impacts on Sustainable Development incorporating Environmental Economics, Toxicology and Brownfields. Following the success of the first meeting held in the New Forest, home of the Wessex Institute of Technology, in 2012, it considers the pressing issues related to environmental impacts in order to provide complete solutions. The included papers discuss how to assess the impact of economic constraints on the environment, considering the social aspects as well as any resulting environmental damage. The overuse of natural resources and the resulting pollution of the environment need to be better understood in financial terms. Uncontrolled development can result in damage to the environment in terms of the release of toxic substances and hazardous waste. The increasing number of new chemical compounds poses a major challenge to the environment as it is difficult in many cases to predict their effects and take appropriate decisions. Their economic impact can be particularly challenging. The book examines issues related to whether some forms of development are compatible with environmental protection, particularly in cases of possible serious contamination and toxicity. The demand for development land has led to the reuse of properties that have been abandoned for a variety of reasons. Many of them are brownfields, sites which have deteriorated in different ways, including by contamination. These sites are usually a burden in terms of economic losses and contribute to the detriment of the quality of life of entire neighbourhoods. Rehabilitation of local fields, particularly those that are contaminated can be an expensive undertaking and require not only technical solutions but the involvement of financial, regulatory and community stakeholders. Fundamental to this premise is the analysis of the risks involved and the development of appropriate strategies. The papers address problems of great importance discussing more constructive and progressive approaches to ensure sustainability. A major motivation for the meeting is to learn from past failures, to avoid repeating similar mistakes, while attempting to prevent emerging threats to the environmental and ecological systems. Topics covered include: Environmental policies and planning; Environmental assessments; Development issues; Sustainable cities; Economic analysis; Natural resources management; Energy and the environment; Food and the environment; Ecosystems health; Soil contamination; Brownfields rehabilitation; Water resources management; Air and water pollution; Toxicity studies; Environmental health risk; Risk analysis; Community participation; Legislation and regulations.

Air Pollution and Lung Disease in Adults

Air Pollution and Lung Disease in Adults
A Book

by Philip Witorsch,Samuel V. Spagnolo

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1994-09-13
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 9780849301810
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Air Pollution and Lung Disease in Adults provides a general approach to problems involving air pollutants and respiratory disorders in adults. The diversity among the authors, whose areas of expertise and interest include pulmonary medicine, toxicology, allergy immunology, pathology, environmental engineering, and industrial hygiene, parallels the diversity of the readers. Although selected chapters address specific conditions, the overall general approach creates a wide context in which to assess and explore several areas of interest. The book begins with a chapter on exposure and environmental characterization, followed by discussions on direct and indirect injury to the respiratory tract, carcinogenesis, and lung cancer. The book then covers the pathology of environmental lung disease, causality assessment, and causal inference and toxicology. Clinical evaluation of the individual patient, diagnosis and differential diagnosis, as well as spirometry and cardiopulmonary exercise testing in impairment evaluation follow. The three chapters addressing the more particular entities of immunologic mechanisms include pneumoconioses, chronic and interstitial pulmonary fibrosis and bronchiolitis, sick building syndrome, multiple chemical sensitivities, and chronic fatigue syndrome.

Traffic Related Air Pollution and Internal Combustion Engines

Traffic Related Air Pollution and Internal Combustion Engines
A Book

by Sergey Demidov,Jacques Bonnet

  • Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Atmospheric pollution has been a major problem in human technological development and motor vehicles are one of the major sources of particulate matter pollution. This book investigates current models designed to predict air pollutant emissions and fuel consumption for road traffic and presents the outputs of statistical models developed to derive emission factors. Information on the use of Geographic Information Systems and traffic area air pollution monitoring stations is presented in order to comprehend the variations of traffic-related air pollution. Furthermore, this book reports the pros and cons of hydrogen-fuelled internal combustion engines, a study of the new technology to produce syngas from methane with a compression ignition engine. An overview of the characteristics of the factors influencing the thermal efficiency of spark ignition engines fuelled with hydrogen is given as well.

Particles in the Air: The Deadliest Pollutant is One You Breathe Every Day

Particles in the Air: The Deadliest Pollutant is One You Breathe Every Day
A Book

by Doug Brugge

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-07-26
  • Pages : 83
  • ISBN : 3319895877
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book covers the three largest sources of particulate matter pollution in five chapters. These sources constitute three of the top ten public health problems in the world today and far outstrip any other environmental health threats in terms of health impact. The book begins with indoor solid fuel combustion for cooking in lower income countries and tells the story of how this problem was identified and recent efforts to eliminate it. The book next looks at tobacco smoking and second hand smoke, again reviewing the history of how these problems were identified scientifically and the fierce industry push back against the science. The last two chapters cover ambient particulate matter in the outdoor air. They address fine and ultrafine particles, describing the pioneering work on fine PM, the subsequent industry attacks on the scientists and then the emerging interest and concern about ultrafine particles, an area of research in which the author has participated. This book is geared towards non-scientists, including high school and college students.

Air Pollution XXIII

Air Pollution XXIII

by J. Barnes

  • Publisher : WIT Press
  • Release : 2015-06-01
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN : 1845649648
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Containing the proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution, this book is the latest in a well established series. It addresses various aspects of a topic that is of considerable worldwide concern due to its known impact on health and the environment. The need to balance concern for the environment with the demand for generating economic growth makes air pollution a particularly challenging problem. Further complicating the picture, the widespread nature and effects of air pollution make it an issue that requires not just local but global attention and cooperation. Science can help us identify the nature and scale of air pollution impacts. It is therefore essential in guiding government decisions regarding the most appropriate and effective regulations. As we learn ever more about the basic science of air pollution, and its application, we are better able to predict, assess, and mitigate its effects, locally, regionally, nationally, and internationally. This book presents advances in our knowledge of the science of air pollution. Topics covered include Air Pollution Modelling; Air Pollution Mitigation; Air Pollution Management; Aerosols and Particles; Emission Studies; Exposure and Health Effects; Indoor Air Pollution; Monitoring and Measuring; Case Studies; Emerging Technologies; Power Generation and Air Pollution; Incineration Plant Studies; Air Pollution Chemistry; Global and Regional Studies; Policy and Legislation.

Blood Pressure

Blood Pressure
From Bench to Bed

by Aise Seda Artis

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-11-14
  • Pages : 196
  • ISBN : 1789842719
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Since the discovery of blood pressure by Stephen Hales in 1733, scientific interest in blood pressure regulation, particularly in hypertensive population, has not lost its popularity. The importance of the interactive effects of blood pressure shifts in different clinical conditions is well understood. We know many contributing factors regulate the pressure of the blood within the arteries. However, crucial blood pressure control and the exact mechanisms involved are still under debate. The present book aims to cover blood pressure from its measurement to various factors of its control with valuable contributions from different authors, in the light of contemporary data, from bench to bed.

Urban Transport Systems

Urban Transport Systems
A Book

by Hamid Yaghoubi

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2017-01-18
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 9535128736
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book contains a collection of latest research developments on the urban transportation systems. It describes rail transit systems, subways, bus rapid transit (BRT) systems, taxicabs, automobiles, etc. This book also studies the technical parameters and provides a comprehensive overview of the significant characteristics for urban transportation systems, including energy management systems, wireless communication systems, operations and maintenance systems, transport serviceability, environmental problems and solutions, simulation, modelling, analysis, design, safety and risk, standards, traffic congestion, ride quality, air quality, noise and vibration, financial and economic aspects, pricing strategies, etc. This professional book as a credible source can be very applicable and useful for all professors, researchers, students, experienced technical professionals, practitioners and others interested in urban transportation systems.

Good Omens

Good Omens
A Book

by Neil Gaiman,Terry Pratchett

  • Publisher : Random House
  • Release : 2011-11-22
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 1448110238
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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____________________ COMING TO AMAZON PRIME ON 31ST MAY - STARRING DAVID TENNANT, MICHAEL SHEEN AND BENEDICT CUMBERBATCH 'Marvellously benign, ridiculously inventive and gloriously funny' Guardian ____________________ 'Armageddon only happens once, you know. They don't let you go around again until you get it right' According to The Nice and Accurate Prophecies of Agnes Nutter, Witch, Judgement Day is almost upon us and the world's going to end in a week . . . Now people have been predicting the end of the world almost from its very beginning, so it's only natural to be sceptical when a new date is set for Judgement Day. But what if, for once, the predictions are right, and the apocalypse really is due to arrive next Saturday, just after tea? You could spend the time left drowning your sorrows, giving away all your possessions in preparation for the rapture, or laughing it off as (hopefully) just another hoax. Or you could just try to do something about it. It's a predicament that Aziraphale, a somewhat fussy angel, and Crowley, a fast-living demon now finds themselves in. They've been living amongst Earth's mortals since The Beginning and, truth be told, have grown rather fond of the lifestyle and, in all honesty, are not actually looking forward to the coming Apocalypse. And then there's the small matter that someone appears to have misplaced the Antichrist . . .