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New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Trends of Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture and Biomedicine Systems: Diversity and Functional Perspectives

by Ali Asghar Rastegari,Ajar Nath Yadav,Neelam Yadav

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-05-16
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN : 012820527X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Trends of Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture and Biomedicine Systems: Diversity and Functional Perspectives describes how specific techniques can be used to generalize the metabolism of bacteria that optimize biologic improvement strategies and bio-transport processes. Microbial biotechnology focuses on microbes of agricultural, environmental, industrial, and clinical significance. This volume discusses several methods based on molecular genetics, systems, and biology of synthetic, genomic, proteomic, and metagenomics. Recent developments in our understanding of the role of microbes in sustainable agriculture and biotechnology have created a highly potential research area. The soil and plant microbiomes have a significant role in plant growth promotion, crop yield, soil health and fertility for sustainable developments. The microbes provide nutrients and stimulate plant growth through different mechanisms, including solubilization of phosphorus, potassium, and zinc; biological nitrogen fixation; production of siderophore, ammonia, HCN and other secondary metabolites which are antagonistic against pathogenic microbes. This new book provides an indispensable reference source for engineers/bioengineers, biochemists, biotechnologists, microbiologists, agrochemists, and researchers who want to know about the unique properties of this microbe and explore its sustainable agriculture future applications. Introduces the principles of microbial biotechnology and its application in plant growth and soil health for sustainable agriculture Explores various plant microbiomes and their beneficial impact on plant growth for crop improvement Explains the mechanisms of plant-microbe interaction and plant growth promotion Includes current applications of microbial consortium for enhance production of crop in eco-friendly manners

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Trends of Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture and Biomedicine Systems: Perspectives for Human Health

by Ali Asghar Rastegari,Ajar Nath Yadav,Neelam Yadav

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-05-15
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 0128205296
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Trends of Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture and Biomedicine Systems: Perspectives for Human Health discusses how microbial biotechnology helps us understand new strategies to reduce pathogens and drug resistance through microbial biotechnology. The most commonly used probiotic bacteria are Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. Therefore, the probiotic strains exhibit powerful anti-inflammatory, antiallergic and other important properties. This new book provides an indispensable reference source for engineers/bioengineers, biochemists, biotechnologists, microbiologists, pharmacologists, and researchers who want to know about the unique properties of this microbe and explore its sustainable biomedicine future applications. Introduces the principles of microbial biotechnology and its application for sustainable biomedicine system Explores various microbes and their beneficial application for biofortification of crops for micronutrients Explains the potentials and significance of probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics in health and disease Includes current applications of beneficial microbes as Functional Food Products of Pharmaceutical Importance

Current Trends in Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture

Current Trends in Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture
A Book

by Ajar Nath Yadav

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 578
  • ISBN : 9811569495
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbial biotechnology is an emerging field with applications in a broad range of sectors involving food security, human nutrition, plant protection and overall basic research in the agricultural sciences. The environment has been sustaining the burden of mankind from time immemorial, and our indiscriminate use of its resources has led to the degradation of the climate, loss of soil fertility, and the need for sustainable strategies. The major focus in the coming decades will be on achieving a green and clean environment by utilizing soil and plant-associated beneficial microbial communities. Plant-microbe interactions include the association of microbes with plant systems: epiphytic, endophytic and rhizospheric. The microbes associated with plant ecosystems play an important role in plant growth, development, and soil health. Moreover, soil and plant microbiomes help to promote plant growth, either directly or indirectly by means of plant growth-promoting mechanisms, e.g. the release of plant growth regulators; solubilization of phosphorus, potassium and zinc; biological nitrogen fixation; or by producing siderophores, ammonia, HCN and other secondary metabolites. These beneficial microbial communities represent a novel and promising solution for agro-environmental sustainability by providing biofertilizers, bioprotectants, and biostimulants, in addition to mitigating various types of abiotic stress in plants. This book focuses on plant-microbe interactions; the biodiversity of soil and plant microbiomes; and their role in plant growth and soil health. Accordingly, it will be immensely useful to readers working in the biological sciences, especially microbiologists, biochemists and microbial biotechnologists. .

Soil Microbiomes for Sustainable Agriculture

Soil Microbiomes for Sustainable Agriculture
Functional Annotation

by Ajar Nath Yadav

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 634
  • ISBN : 3030735079
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book encompasses current knowledge of soil microbiomes and their potential biotechnological application for plant growth, crop yield, and soil health under the natural as well as harsh environmental conditions for sustainable agriculture. The microbes are ubiquitous in nature. The soil is a natural hotspot of the soil microbiome. The soil microbiome plays a critical role in the maintenance of global nutrient balance and ecosystem functioning. The soil microbiomes are associated with plant ecosystems through the intense network of plant-microbe interactions. The microbes present in bulk soil move toward the rhizospheric region due to the release of different nutrients by plant systems. The rhizospheric microbes may survive or proliferate in rhizospheric zone depending on the extent of influences of the chemicals secreted into the soil by roots. The root exudates contain the principal nutrients factors (amino acids, glucose, fructose, and sucrose).^The microbes present in rhizospheric region have capabilities to fix atmospheric nitrogen, produce different phytohormones, and solubilize phosphorus, potassium, and zinc. The plant systems take these nutrients for their growth and developments. These soil and plant associated microbes also play an important role in protection of plants from different plant pathogenic organisms by producing different secondary metabolites such as ammonia, hydrogen cyanide, siderophores, and hydrolytic enzymes. The soil microbiomes with plant growth-promoting (PGP) attributes have emerged as an important and promising tool for sustainable agriculture. The soil microbiomes promote the plant growth and enhance the crop yield and soil fertility via directly or indirectly different plant growth-promoting mechanism. The soil microbes help the plant for adaptation in extreme habitats by mitigating the abiotic stress of high/low temperatures, hypersalinity, drought, and acidic/alkaline soil.^These PGP microbes are used as biofertilizers/bioinoculants to replace the harmful chemical fertilizers for sustainable agriculture and environments. The aim of the book "Soil Microbiomes for Sustainable Agriculture" is to provide the recent advances in mechanisms of plant growth promotion and applications of soil microbiomes for mitigation of different abiotic stresses in plants. The book is useful to scientists, researchers, and students related to microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, molecular biology, environmental biology, and related subjects.

Recent Trends in Mycological Research

Recent Trends in Mycological Research
Volume 2: Environmental and Industrial Perspective

by Ajar Nath Yadav

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-04-14
  • Pages : 532
  • ISBN : 3030682609
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fungi range from being microscopic, single-celled yeasts to multicellular and heterotrophic in nature. Fungal communities have been found in vast ranges of environmental conditions. They can be associated with plants epiphytically, endophytically, or rhizospherically. Extreme environments represent unique ecosystems that harbor novel biodiversity of fungal communities. Interest in the exploration of fungal diversity has been spurred by the fact that fungi perform numerous functions integral in sustaining the biosphere, ranging from nutrient cycling to environmental detoxification, which involves processes like augmentation, supplementation, and recycling of plant nutrients--a particularly important process in sustainable agriculture. Fungal communities from natural and extreme habitats help promote plant growth, enhance crop yield, and soil fertility via direct or indirect plant growth promoting (PGP) mechanisms of solubilization of phosphorus, potassium, and zinc, production of ammonia, hydrogen cyanides, phytohormones, Fe-chelating compounds, extracellular hydrolytic enzymes, and bioactive secondary metabolites. These PGP fungi could be used as biofertilizers, bioinoculants, and biocontrol agents in place of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in eco-friendly manners for sustainable agriculture and environments. Along with agricultural applications, medically important fungi play significant role for human health. Fungal communities are useful for sustainable environments as they are used for bioremediation which is the use of microorganisms' metabolism to degrading waste contaminants (sewage, domestic, and industrial effluents) into non-toxic or less toxic materials by natural biological processes. Fungi could be used as mycoremediation for the future of environmental sustainability. Fungi and fungal products have the biochemical and ecological capability to degrade environmental organic chemicals and to decrease the risk associated with metals, semi-metals, and noble metals either by chemical modification or by manipulating chemical bioavailability. The two volumes of "Recent Trends in Mycological Research” aim to provide an understanding of fungal communities from diverse environmental habitats and their potential applications in agriculture, medical, environments and industry. The books are useful to scientists, researchers, and students involved in microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, molecular biology, environmental biology and related subjects.

Industrially Important Fungi for Sustainable Development

Industrially Important Fungi for Sustainable Development
Volume 1: Biodiversity and Ecological Perspectives

by Ahmed M. Abdel-Azeem,Ajar Nath Yadav,Neelam Yadav,Zeba Usmani

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-06-18
  • Pages : 589
  • ISBN : 3030675610
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fungi are an understudied, biotechnologically valuable group of organisms. Due to their immense range of habitats, and the consequent need to compete against a diverse array of other fungi, bacteria, and animals, fungi have developed numerous survival mechanisms. However, besides their major basic positive role in the cycling of minerals, organic matter and mobilizing insoluble nutrients, fungi have other beneficial impacts: they are considered good sources of food and active agents for a number of industrial processes involving fermentation mechanisms as in the bread, wine and beer industry. A number of fungi also produce biologically important metabolites such as enzymes, vitamins, antibiotics and several products of important pharmaceutical use; still others are involved in the production of single cell proteins. The economic value of these marked positive activities has been estimated as approximating to trillions of US dollars. The unique attributes of fungi thus herald great promise for their application in biotechnology and industry. Since ancient Egyptians mentioned in their medical prescriptions how they can use green molds in curing wounds as the obvious historical uses of penicillin, fungi can be grown with relative ease, making production at scale viable. The search for fungal biodiversity, and the construction of a living fungi collection, both have incredible economic potential in locating organisms with novel industrial uses that will lead to novel products. Fungi have provided the world with penicillin, lovastatin, and other globally significant medicines, and they remain an untapped resource with enormous industrial potential. Volume 1 of Industrially Important Fungi for Sustainable Development provides an overview to understanding fungal diversity from diverse habitats and their industrial application for future sustainability. It encompasses current advanced knowledge of fungal communities and their potential biotechnological applications in industry and allied sectors. The book will be useful to scientists, researchers, and students of microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, molecular biology, and environmental biology.

Advances in Plant Microbiome and Sustainable Agriculture

Advances in Plant Microbiome and Sustainable Agriculture
Diversity and Biotechnological Applications

by Ajar Nath Yadav,Ali Asghar Rastegari,Neelam Yadav,Divjot Kour

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-07-31
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 9811532087
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbes are ubiquitous in nature, and plant-microbe interactions are a key strategy for colonizing diverse habitats. The plant microbiome (epiphytic, endophytic and rhizospheric) plays an important role in plant growth and development and soil health. Further, rhizospheric soil is a valuable natural resource, hosting hotspots of microbes, and is vital in the maintenance of global nutrient balance and ecosystem function. The term endophytic microbes refers to those microorganisms that colonize the interior the plants. The phyllosphere is a common niche for synergism between microbes and plants and includes the leaf surface. The diverse group of microbes are key components of soil-plant systems, and where they are engaged in an extensive network of interactions in the rhizosphere/endophytic/phyllospheric they have emerged as an important and promising tool for sustainable agriculture. Plant microbiomes help to directly or indirectly promote plant growth using plant growth promoting attributes, and could potentially be used as biofertilizers/bioinoculants in place of chemical fertilizers. This book allows readers to gain an understanding of microbial diversity associated with plant systems and their role in plant growth, and soil health. Offering an overview of the state of the art in plant microbiomes and their potential biotechnological applications in agriculture and allied sectors, it is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers and students in the field of microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, molecular biology, environmental biology and related subjects.

Biofuels Production – Sustainability and Advances in Microbial Bioresources

Biofuels Production – Sustainability and Advances in Microbial Bioresources
A Book

by Ajar Nath Yadav,Ali Asghar Rastegari,Neelam Yadav,Rajeeva Gaur

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-10-08
  • Pages : 387
  • ISBN : 3030539334
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on the different kinds of biofuels and biofuel resources. Biofuels represent a major type of renewable energy. As part of a larger bio-economy, they are closely linked to agriculture, forestry and manufacturing. Biofuels have the potential to improve regional energy access, reduce dependence on fossil fuels and contribute to climate protection. Further, this alternative form of energy could revitalize the forestry and agricultural sector and promote the increased use of renewable resources as raw materials in a range of industrial processes. Efforts are continuously being made to develop economically competitive biofuels, and microbes play important roles in the production of biofuels from various bioresources. This book elaborates on recent advances in existing microbial technologies and on sustainable approaches to improving biofuel production processes. Additionally, it examines trends in, and the limitations of, existing processes and technologies. The book offers a comprehensive overview of microbial bioresources, microbial technologies, advances in bioconversion and biorefineries, as well as microbial and metabolic engineering for efficient biofuel production. Readers will also learn about the environmental impacts and the influence of climate change on the sustainability of biofuel production. This book is intended for researchers and students whose work involves biorefinery technologies, microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, environmental biology and related fields.

Agriculturally Important Fungi for Sustainable Agriculture

Agriculturally Important Fungi for Sustainable Agriculture
Volume 1: Perspective for Diversity and Crop Productivity

by Ajar Nath Yadav,Shashank Mishra,Divjot Kour,Neelam Yadav,Anil Kumar

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-06-25
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 3030459713
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbes are ubiquitous in nature. Among microbes, fungal communities play an important role in agriculture, the environment, and medicine. Vast fungal diversity has been associated with plant systems, namely epiphytic fungi, endophytic fungi, and rhizospheric fungi. These fungi associated with plant systems play an important role in plant growth, crop yield, and soil health. Rhizospheric fungi, present in rhizospheric zones, get their nutrients from root exudates released by plant root systems, which help with their growth, development, and microbe activity. Endophytic fungi typically enter plant hosts through naturally occurring wounds that are the result of plant growth, through root hairs, or at epidermal conjunctions. Phyllospheric fungi may survive or proliferate on leaves depending on material influences in leaf diffuseness or exudates. The diverse nature of these fungal communities is a key component of soil-plant systems, where they are engaged in a network of interactions endophytically, phyllospherically, as well as in the rhizosphere, and thus have emerged as a promising tool for sustainable agriculture. These fungal communities promote plant growth directly and indirectly by using plant growth promoting (PGP) attributes. These PGP fungi can be used as biofertilizers and biocontrol agents in place of chemical fertilizers and pesticides for a more eco-friendly method of promoting sustainable agriculture and environments. This first volume of a two-volume set covers the biodiversity of plant-associated fungal communities and their role in plant growth promotion, the mitigation of abiotic stress, and soil fertility for sustainable agriculture. This book should be useful to those working in the biological sciences, especially for microbiologists, microbial biotechnologists, biochemists, and researchers and scientists of fungal biotechnology.

Bioremediation, Nutrients, and Other Valuable Product Recovery

Bioremediation, Nutrients, and Other Valuable Product Recovery
Using Bioelectrochemical Systems.

by Lakhveer Singh,Durga Madhab Mahapatra,Sveta Thakur

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-11-17
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN : 0128227524
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bioremediation and Nutrients and Other Valuable Products Recovery: Using Bio-electrochemical Systems reviews key applications in transforming fuel waste substrates into simple low impact and easily assimilative compounds that are environmentally non-labile and tolerant. The book emphasizes waste treatment and nutrient removal and recovery from a diverse array of waste substrates, utilizing Bioelectrochemical Systems (BES) approaches. Throughout, the work emphasizes the utilization of electrode and/or electrolyte components in building self-sustaining fuel cell systems that target the removal of both conventional and emerging pollutants, along with the production of energy. Bioremediation strategies with potential scale-up options for wastewater treatment, metal removal and soil remediation drug derivates and emerging contaminants are discussed with particular emphasis. Chapters explore applications for these varied pollutants, together with prospects in waste minimization, nutrient recycling, water purification and bioremediation of natural resources. Explores a detailed panorama of potential known pollutants with detailed reviews on their removal and recovery Discusses bioproduct recovery application frontiers across wastewater treatment and bioremediation, metal removal and soil remediation, extraction of drug derivates and emerging contaminants Emphasizes pilot scale-up and commercialization potential for each recovery application discussed

Microbiomes and the Global Climate Change

Microbiomes and the Global Climate Change
A Book

by Showkat Ahmad Lone,Abdul Malik

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-07-02
  • Pages : 374
  • ISBN : 981334508X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers the contemporary environmental issues faced by life on the planet and the role planetary microbiomes play in such issues. Providing insights on the net favorable and adverse effect of microbial processes, this volume covers both the spontaneous and anthropocentric events that impact climate change and life on the planet. The book describes the ecological significance of microbiomes associated with the kingdoms Plantae and Animalia with respect to climate change, natural and anthropogenic causes of climate change, microbial interactions in nature, planetary microbiomes and food security, climate change in relation to disease epidemiology and human health and engineering microorganisms to mitigate the consequences of climate change. The individual chapters in the intended book provide both theoretical and practical exposure to the current issues and future challenges of climate change in relation to the microbiomes. This collection should serve as ready reference to the researchers working in the area to reshape their future research in addressing the challenges of global climate change.

Rhizosphere Microbes

Rhizosphere Microbes
Soil and Plant Functions

by Sushil Kumar Sharma,Udai B. Singh,Pramod Kumar Sahu,Harsh Vardhan Singh,Pawan Kumar Sharma

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-01-20
  • Pages : 682
  • ISBN : 9811591547
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plants create a dynamic micro-biosphere in the soil, around the roots, called as ‘rhizosphere’, which harbors diverse number of microorganisms for sustaining their growth and development. A soil with diverse and multi-traits microbial communities is considered healthy to enhance crop productivity. In the last decades, rhizosphere biology has gained attention due to unraveling of new mechanisms, processes and molecules in the rhizosphere that contributes towards the promotion of plant productivity. The rhizospheric microbes and associated processes are being utilized for harnessing potential of soils in effective and sustainable functioning in the agro-ecosystems. Broadly, the book discusses rhizospheric microbes and their role in modulating functions of soil and crop plant. Specifically, it highlights conventional and modern aspects of rhizosphere microbes such as – microbiome in the rhizosphere, microbes as an indicator and promoter of soil health, rhizosphere microbes as biofertilizer, biostimulator and biofortifyer, microbial signaling in the rhizosphere, recent tools in deciphering rhizobiome, and regulatory mechanisms for commercialization of biofertilizer, biopesticide and biostimulator. The book is useful for agriculture scientist, biotechnologist, plant pathologist, mycologist, and microbiologist, farming community, scientist of R&D organization, as well as teaching community, researcher and student and policy maker.

Biomolecular Engineering Solutions for Renewable Specialty Chemicals

Biomolecular Engineering Solutions for Renewable Specialty Chemicals
Microorganisms, Products, and Processes

by R. Navanietha Krishnaraj,Rajesh K. Sani

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-11-11
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 1119771943
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Discover biomolecular engineering technologies for the production of biofuels, pharmaceuticals, organic and amino acids, vitamins, biopolymers, surfactants, detergents, and enzymes In Biomolecular Engineering Solutions for Renewable Specialty Chemicals, distinguished researchers and editors Drs. R. Navanietha Krishnaraj and Rajesh K. Sani deliver a collection of insightful resources on advanced technologies in the synthesis and purification of value-added compounds. Readers will discover new technologies that assist in the commercialization of the production of value-added products. The editors also include resources that offer strategies for overcoming current limitations in biochemical synthesis, including purification. The articles within cover topics like the rewiring of anaerobic microbial processes for methane and hythane production, the extremophilic bioprocessing of wastes to biofuels, reverse methanogenesis of methane to biopolymers and value-added products, and more. The book presents advanced concepts and biomolecular engineering technologies for the production of high-value, low-volume products, like therapeutic molecules, and describes methods for improving microbes and enzymes using protein engineering, metabolic engineering, and systems biology approaches for converting wastes. Readers will also discover: A thorough introduction to engineered microorganisms for the production of biocommodities and microbial production of vanillin from ferulic acid Explorations of antibiotic trends in microbial therapy, including current approaches and future prospects, as well as fermentation strategies in the food and beverage industry Practical discussions of bioactive oligosaccharides, including their production, characterization, and applications In-depth treatments of biopolymers, including a retrospective analysis in the facets of biomedical engineering Perfect for researchers and practicing professionals in the areas of environmental and industrial biotechnology, biomedicine, and the biological sciences, Biomolecular Engineering Solutions for Renewable Specialty Chemicals is also an invaluable resource for students taking courses involving biorefineries, biovalorization, industrial biotechnology, and environmental biotechnology.

Directory of Published Proceedings

Directory of Published Proceedings
Series SEMT: Science/engineering/medicine/technology

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Index of Conference Proceedings Received

Index of Conference Proceedings Received
Annual cumulation

by British Library. Document Supply Centre

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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