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Tsunamis in the European-Mediterranean Region

Tsunamis in the European-Mediterranean Region
From Historical Record to Risk Mitigation

by Gerassimos Papadopoulos

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-12-03
  • Pages : 290
  • ISBN : 0127999272
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tsunamis in the European-Mediterranean Region: From Historical Record to Risk Mitigation provides readers with a much needed, reliable, and up-to-date history of the region, including descriptions and parameters of the main events from pre-history to the present that are supported by parametric catalogues, pictorial material, and examples of instrumental records, such as tide-gauge records. The book presents a broader perspective of needed action for local and national governments, and international organizations, and is written by an internationally recognized expert in this field, providing an authoritative account of historical tsunamis in the eastern Mediterranean. It addresses key points of tsunami mitigation, including the systems currently available for tsunami recording, monitoring, and early warning, along with a presentation of the preventative measures that can be applied in all tsunami-vulnerable regions. Details the systems currently available for tsunami recording, monitoring, and early warning, and the technologies that support them Contains numerical modeling techniques used for the generation, propagation, and inundation of tsunamis Presents clear examples of tsunamis in the region and their documentation, as well as comparisons with other regions globally Includes full-color illustrations that accompany the text

Tsunamis in the European-Mediterranean Region

Tsunamis in the European-Mediterranean Region
From Historical Record to Risk Mitigation

by Gerassimos A. Papadopoulos

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 271
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Physics of Tsunamis

Physics of Tsunamis
A Book

by Boris W. Levin,Mikhail Nosov

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-10-22
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN : 3319240374
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This second edition reflects significant progress in tsunami research, monitoring and mitigation within the last decade. Primarily meant to summarize the state-of-the-art knowledge on physics of tsunamis, it describes up-to-date models of tsunamis generated by a submarine earthquake, landslide, volcanic eruption, meteorite impact, and moving atmospheric pressure inhomogeneities. Models of tsunami propagation and run-up are also discussed. The book investigates methods of tsunami monitoring including coastal mareographs, deep-water pressure gauges, GPS buoys, satellite altimetry, the study of ionospheric disturbances caused by tsunamis and the study of paleotsunamis. Non-linear phenomena in tsunami source and manifestations of water compressibility are discussed in the context of their contribution to the wave amplitude and energy. The practical method of calculating the initial elevation on a water surface at a seismotectonic tsunami source is expounded. Potential and eddy traces of a tsunamigenic earthquake in the ocean are examined in terms of their applicability to tsunami warning. The first edition of this book was published in 2009. Since then, a few catastrophic events occurred, including the 2011 Tohoku tsunami, which is well known all over the world. The book is intended for researchers, students and specialists in oceanography, geophysics, seismology, hydro-acoustics, geology, and geomorphology, including the engineering and insurance industries.

Tsunamis

Tsunamis
Detection, Monitoring, and Early-Warning Technologies

by Antony Joseph

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2011-01-19
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 9780123850546
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The devastating impacts of tsunamis have received increased focus since the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004, the most destructive tsunami in over 400 years of recorded history. The tsunamis that occurred as a result of the earthquake in Japan in March 2011 further emphasized the need for detection, monitoring, and early-warning technologies. This professional reference is the first of its kind: it provides a globally inclusive review of the current state of tsunami detection technology and will be a much-needed resource for oceanographers and marine engineers working to upgrade and integrate their tsunami warning systems. It focuses on the two main tsunami warning systems (TWS): International and Regional. Featured are comparative assessments of detection, monitoring, and real-time reporting technologies. The challenges of detection through remote measuring stations are also addressed, as well as the historical and scientific aspects of tsunamis. Offers readers the only source of practical content on the technological details of the subject Written by a tsunami detection and monitoring expert who has 32 years of experience in the field Companion web site featuring multi-media components, timely updates on fast-paced technological developments, and an online forum where scientists can exchange ideas, discuss technological updates and provide the author with valuable feedback

The 2011 Japan Earthquake and Tsunami: Reconstruction and Restoration

The 2011 Japan Earthquake and Tsunami: Reconstruction and Restoration
Insights and Assessment after 5 Years

by Vicente Santiago-Fandiño,Shinji Sato,Norio Maki,Kanako Iuchi

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-07-12
  • Pages : 485
  • ISBN : 3319586912
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers the restoration and reconstruction process and activities undertaken in Japan in the first five years since the 2011 Earthquake and Tsunami – a period widely considered to be the most intensive reconstruction phase within the 10-year restoration plan drawn up by the Japanese Government. The respective chapters explore technical, scientific, social and non-scientific (policy-related) aspects, including: reconstruction and restoration policies, infrastructure and designs for tsunami coastal defence, resilient urban areas and affected communities, housing and relocation schemes, disaster mitigation and evacuation measures, reactivation of the economy, revitalization of fisheries and coastal agriculture, and industry and tourism. The book also illustrates some of the achievements and failures in a broad range of projects and initiatives intended to address the above-mentioned issues, making it particularly relevant for experts, decision makers, students and other interested scholars.

Tsunamis in the Mediterranean Sea 2000 B.C.-2000 A.D.

Tsunamis in the Mediterranean Sea 2000 B.C.-2000 A.D.
A Book

by Sergey L. Soloviev,Olga N. Solovieva,Chan N. Go,Khen S. Kim,Nikolay A. Shchetnikov

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-03-14
  • Pages : 239
  • ISBN : 9401595100
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Annals of natural disasters have always caused common interest. Scientists and specialists of various domains, teachers, students, post-graduates, journalists .. and merely inquisitive can find useful and didactic information in such annals~ Sad experience of the natural disasters endured gives very important material for humanity. It allows us not only to understand better the phenomenon itself, but also to prepare ourselves for future cataclysms, which our "Mother-Nature" is so rich in. The book by Sergey Soloviev and a group of his collaborators represents a detailed description of tsunami waves and accompanying phenomena in the Mediterranean Sea over a period of approximately four thousand years. Sergey Soloviev, the founder and recognised leader of the Russian scientific school of tsunami researchers, was unable to see the publication of this book, passing away on March 9, 1994. However, his ample experience in investigation and systematisation of tsunami waves for the Pacific area [Soloviev and Go, 1974, 1975; Soloviev, Go and Kim, 1986] has been widely used in compiling this book. The Mediterranean coasts are the cradle of civilisation. Written accounts of past disasters in this region of the Earth are rather numerous and highly reliable. Therefore the results of the tsunami study in the Mediterranean Sea are of specific value both for the scientific community and for humanity at large.

Landscapes and Landforms of Spain

Landscapes and Landforms of Spain
A Book

by Francisco Gutiérrez,Mateo Gutiérrez

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business
  • Release : 2014-04-18
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN : 9401786283
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Landscapes and Landforms of Spain provides an informative and inviting overview of the geology and geomorphology of Spain. It incorporates a diverse range of topics, ranging from the fiery landscapes of the Canary Islands and its volcanic formations to the glacial scenery of the Pyrenees. The book devotes attention to granite landforms, karst terrains, coastal dunes and marshes, as well as to heritage and conservation, with the objective of offering the reader a comprehensive insight into the Spanish geological setting. The book presents readers with the opportunity to explore Spanish landforms in detail through its highly illustrated pages and maps, making this an appealing text on the subject field.

Geotechnical Risk and Safety

Geotechnical Risk and Safety
Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Geotechnical Safety and Risk (IS-Gifu 2009) 11-12 June, 2009, Gifu, Japan - IS-Gifu2009

by Yusuke Honjo,Makoto Suzuki,Takashi Hara,Feng Zhang

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2009-06-01
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0203867319
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Communication of risks within a transparent and accountable framework is essential in view of increasing mobility and the complexity of the modern society and the field of geotechnical engineering does not form an exception. As a result, modern risk assessment and management are required in all aspects of geotechnical issues, such as planning, desi

Security Challenges in the Euro-Med Area in the 21st Century

Security Challenges in the Euro-Med Area in the 21st Century
Mare Nostrum

by Stephen C. Calleya

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN : 0415566258
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book examines and assesses the main security factors influencing Euro-Mediterranean relations at the start of the twenty-first century. Developing a theoretical framework based on the security complex, this book provides an empirical analysis of security challenges in the Euro-Mediterranean area that distinguishes between short, medium and long-term threats and highlights the political, military, economic, societal and environmental issues that are already serving as a source of instability in the region. Including analysis of the 2011 Arab Spring, the author examines the consequences and looks to the future of security in the Euro-Mediterranean region. Acknowledging the strategic significance of this region between Europe and the Middle East, the book identifies the main stakeholders within todaye(tm)s debate on the future of Euro-Mediterranean relations and focuses on their main security interests in this region. It features a policy analysis of the main actors in the Mediterranean, including NATO, the United States, and the European Union and addresses issues including illegal migration, terrorism, religious intolerance and the lack of human rights Security Challenges in the Euro-Med Area in the 21st Century be of interest to students and scholars of European Politics, Security Studies and International Relations.

Recovery from the Indian Ocean Tsunami Disaster

Recovery from the Indian Ocean Tsunami Disaster
A Book

by Rajib Shaw

  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 1845449541
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Tsunami Threat

The Tsunami Threat
Research and Technology

by Nils-Axel Morner

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2011-01-29
  • Pages : 730
  • ISBN : 953307552X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Submarine earthquakes, submarine slides and impacts may set large water volumes in motion characterized by very long wavelengths and a very high speed of lateral displacement, when reaching shallower water the wave breaks in over land - often with disastrous effects. This natural phenomenon is known as a tsunami event. By December 26, 2004, an event in the Indian Ocean, this word suddenly became known to the public. The effects were indeed disastrous and 227,898 people were killed. Tsunami events are a natural part of the Earth's geophysical system. There have been numerous events in the past and they will continue to be a threat to humanity; even more so today, when the coastal zone is occupied by so much more human activity and many more people. Therefore, tsunamis pose a very serious threat to humanity. The only way for us to face this threat is by increased knowledge so that we can meet future events by efficient warning systems and aid organizations. This book offers extensive and new information on tsunamis; their origin, history, effects, monitoring, hazards assessment and proposed handling with respect to precaution. Only through knowledge do we know how to behave in a wise manner. This book should be a well of tsunami knowledge for a long time, we hope.

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves
A Book

by Max Engel,Jessica Pilarczyk,Simon Matthias May,Dominik Brill,Ed Garrett

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-07-25
  • Pages : 848
  • ISBN : 0128156872
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves provides a systematic compendium with concise chapters on the concept and history of paleotsunami research, sediment types and sediment sources, field methods, sedimentary and geomorphological characteristics, as well as dating and modeling approaches. By contrasting tsunami deposits with those of competing mechanisms in the coastal zone such as storm waves and surges, and by embedding this field of research into the wider context of tsunami science, the book is also relevant to readers interested in paleotempestology, coastal sedimentary environments, or sea-level changes, and coastal hazard management. The effectiveness of paleotsunami records in coastal hazard-mitigation strategies strongly depends on the appropriate selection of research approaches and methods that are tailored to the site-specific environment and age of the deposits. In addition to summarizing the state-of-the-art in tsunami sedimentology, Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves guides researchers through establishing an appropriate research design and how to develop reliable records of prehistoric events using field-based and laboratory methods, as well as modeling techniques. Features a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in tsunami sedimentology and paleotsunami research Offers advice on the most appropriate mapping, sampling, and analytical approaches for a wide variety of coastal settings and sedimentary environments Provides methodological details for field sampling and the most important proxy analyses

Extreme Natural Hazards, Disaster Risks and Societal Implications

Extreme Natural Hazards, Disaster Risks and Societal Implications
A Book

by Alik Ismail-Zadeh,Jaime Urrutia Fucugauchi,Andrzej Kijko,Kuniyoshi Takeuchi,Ilya Zaliapin

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2014-04-17
  • Pages : 413
  • ISBN : 1107033861
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A unique interdisciplinary approach to disaster risk research, including global hazards and case-studies, for researchers, graduate students and professionals.

Tsunamis

Tsunamis
A Book

by Eddie N. Bernard,Allan R. Robinson

  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN : 9780674031739
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The world's foremost experts write about the dynamics of geophysical processes involved in tsunami generation, propagation, and inundation, along with the statistical and geophysical properties of tsunami recurrence, and their application to tsunami forecasts and warnings.

The Physical Geography of the Mediterranean

The Physical Geography of the Mediterranean
A Book

by Jamie Woodward

  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release : 2009-05-07
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN : 0191608416
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume explores the climates, landscapes, ecosystems and hazards that comprise the Mediterranean world. It traces the development of the Mediterranean landscape over very long timescales and examines modern processes and key environmental issues in a wide range of settings. The Mediterranean is the only region on Earth where three continents meet and this interaction has produced a very distinctive Physical Geography. This book examines the landscapes and processes at the margins of these continents and the distinctive marine environment between them. Catastrophic earthquakes, explosive volcanic eruptions and devastating storms and floods are intimately bound up within the history and mythology of the Mediterranean world. This is a key region for the study of natural hazards because it offers unrivalled access to long records of hazard occurrence and impact through documentary, archaeological and geological archives. The Mediterranean is also a biodiversity hotspot; it has been a meeting place for plants, animals and humans from three continents throughout much of its history. The Quaternary records of these interactions are more varied and better preserved than in any other part of the world. These records have provided important new insights into the tempo of climate, landscape and ecosystem change in the Mediterranean region and beyond. The region is unique because of the very early and widespread impact of humans in landscape and ecosystem change - and the richness of the archaeological and geological archives that chronicle this impact. This book examines this history and these interactions and places current environmental issues in long term context. Contributors : Ramadan Husain Abu-Zied Harriet Allen Jacques Blondel Maria-Carmen Llasat James Casford Marc Castellnou Andrew Goudie Andrew Harding Angela Hayes Tom Holt Babette Hoogakker Philip Hughes Jos Lelieveld John Lewin Francisco Lloret Francisco Lopez-Bermudez Mark Macklin Jean Margat Anne Mather Frédéric Médail Christophe Morhange Clive Oppenheimer Jean Palutikof Gerassimos Papadopoulos Josep Piñol David Pyle Jane Reed Neil Roberts Eelco Rohling Iain Stewart Stathis Stiros John Thornes Chronis Tzedakis John Wainwright

Submarine Landslides and Tsunamis

Submarine Landslides and Tsunamis
A Book

by Ahmet C. Yalçiner,Efim N. Pelinovsky,Emile Okal,Costas E. Synolakis

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 9401002053
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tsunamis are water waves triggered by impulsive geologic events such as sea floor deformation, landslides, slumps, subsidence, volcanic eruptions and bolide impacts. Tsunamis can inflict significant damage and casualties both nearfield and after evolving over long propagation distances and impacting distant coastlines. Tsunamis can also effect geomorphologic changes along the coast. Understanding tsunami generation and evolution is of paramount importance for protecting coastal population at risk, coastal structures and the natural environment. Accurately and reliably predicting the initial waveform and the associated coastal effects of tsunamis remains one of the most vexing problems in geophysics, and -with few exceptions- has resisted routine numerical computation or data collection solutions. While ten years ago, it was believed that the generation problem was adequately understood for useful predictions, it is now clear that it is not, especially nearfield. By contrast, the runup problem earlier believed intractable is now well understood for all but the most extreme breaking wave events.

Subaqueous Mass Movements and Their Consequences

Subaqueous Mass Movements and Their Consequences
Advances in Process Understanding, Monitoring and Hazard Assessments

by A. Georgiopoulou,L.A. Amy,S. Benetti,J.D Chaytor,M.A. Clare,D. Gamboa,P.D.W. Haughton,J. Moernaut,J.J. Mountjoy

  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release : 2020-07-08
  • Pages : 639
  • ISBN : 1786204770
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This GSL volume focuses on underwater or subaqueous landslides with the overarching goal of understanding how they affect society and the environment. The new research presented here is the result of significant advances made over recent years in directly monitoring submarine landslides, in standardising global datasets for quantitative analysis, constructing a global database, and leading international research projects. This volume demonstrates the breadth of investigation taking place into subaqueous landslides, and shows that while events like the recent ones in the Indonesian archipelago can be devastating they are at the smaller end of what the Earth has experienced in the past. Understanding the spectrum of subaqueous landslide processes, and therefore the potential societal impact, requires research across all spatial and temporal scales. This volume delivers a compilation of state-of-the-art papers covering topics from regional landslide databases to advanced techniques for in situ measurements, to numerical modelling of processes and hazards.

Seismicity of the European Area

Seismicity of the European Area
Part 2

by Vít Kárník

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN : 9401030782
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The second part of the "Seismicity of the European Area" contains further results of the survey of European seismicity, performed during the period 1959 -1967. It was intended to publish the second part with the shortest possible delay. The first part appeared in 1968 when the manuscript of the second part was handed over to the publisher. Unfortunately, due to unexpected technical difficulties the publica tion had to be postponed until the end of 1970. Thus the manuscript reflects the state of knowledge corresponding to the year 1967 when the work on the manuscript was concluded. It was only possible to make minor changes, or to insert additional, very brief information into the catalogue Prague, July 20, 1970 Vit Karnik CONTENTS 1. 1. Introduction 7 1. 2. Source literature 9 2. Earthquake catalogue 1801-1900 11 2. 1. Earthquake parameters 12 2. 11. Date, time of origin 12 2. 12. Epicentre coordinates 12 2. 13. Epicentral intensity 13 2. 14. Description of macro seismic effects, foreshocks, aftershocks 14 2. 2. Statistical tables 15 2. 3. Supplementary catalogues for the years prior to 1801 and after 1955 17 2. 4. Catalogue of Earthquakes 1801-1900, 10 ~ VII 19 2. 41. Earthquake catalogue of the European and Mediterranean area, unidentified names of localities 114 2. 42. References to the catalogue of shocks 1801-1900 117 3. Some characteristics of seismic activity 123 3. t. Discussion of the magnitude-frequency relation 123 3. 11.

Science-technology Synergy for Research in the Marine Environment

Science-technology Synergy for Research in the Marine Environment
Challenges for the XXI Century

by Laura Beranzoli,Paolo Favali,Giuseppe Smriglio

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2002-01-01
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN : 0444505911
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume is one of the most significant results of the conference "Science-Technology Synergy for Research in Marine Environment: Challenges for the XXI Century" held in Erice and Ustica, Italy, September 1999. It presents state of the art developments in technology and scientific research in sea floor observatories. Scientific conclusions of earth science and environmental studies obtained from these observatories as well as results from long term monitoring are provided. Descriptions of new technologies enabling deep sea long term observatories are offered and marine environment and risk assessment issues are discussed. This is the first work detailing recent and on going experiments world wide specifically devoted to deep sea multi disciplinary observation systems, the technology enabling sea floor observatories, and the presentation of first results from these systems.

The Geodynamics of the Aegean and Anatolia

The Geodynamics of the Aegean and Anatolia
A Book

by Tuncay Taymaz,Yücel Yilmaz,Yildirim Dilek

  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN : 9781862392397
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book contains current results and ideas regarding the geodynamics of the Aegean and Anatolia.