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Underground Coal Gasification and Combustion

Underground Coal Gasification and Combustion
A Book

by Michael S. Blinderman,Alexander Y. Klimenko

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2017-11-28
  • Pages : 662
  • ISBN : 0081003242
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) is carried out in unmined coal seams, using wells drilled from the surface and converting coal into synthesis gas. The gas can be used for power generation and synthesis of automotive fuels, fertilizers and other products. UCG offers financial, social, and environmental benefits over conventional coal extraction and utilization methods and may play a critical role in ensuring energy security in the future. Underground Coal Gasification and Combustion provides an overview of underground coal gasification technology, its current status and future directions. Comprehensive in approach, the book covers history, science, technology, hydrogeology, rock mechanics, environmental performance, economics, regulatory and commercial aspects of UCG projects. The first book on the subject in forty years, it is unique in analysing more than a century of global UCG developments by experts from Australia, Canada, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, the USA and Uzbekistan. Provides researchers, engineers, industry, educators and regulators with an authoritative overview of science and practical applications of underground coal gasification technologies Offers insight into efficiency, environmental performance, costs, permitting issues and commercial aspects of UCG projects Written by scientists and practitioners of UCG technology sharing hands-on experience of step-by-step UCG implementation

Coal Gasification and Its Applications

Coal Gasification and Its Applications
A Book

by David A. Bell,Brian F. Towler,Maohong Fan

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2010-12-08
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 9781437778519
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Skyrocketing energy costs have spurred renewed interest in coal gasification. Currently available information on this subject needs to be updated, however, and focused on specific coals and end products. For example, carbon capture and sequestration, previously given little attention, now has a prominent role in coal conversion processes. This book approaches coal gasification and related technologies from a process engineering point of view, with topics chosen to aid the process engineer who is interested in a complete, coal-to-products system. It provides a perspective for engineers and scientists who analyze and improve components of coal conversion processes. The first topic describes the nature and availability of coal. Next, the fundamentals of gasification are described, followed by a description of gasification technologies and gas cleaning processes. The conversion of syngas to electricity, fuels and chemicals is then discussed. Finally, process economics are covered. Emphasis is given to the selection of gasification technology based on the type of coal fed to the gasifier and desired end product: E.g., lower temperature gasifiers produce substantial quantities of methane, which is undesirable in an ammonia synthesis feed. This book also reviews gasification kinetics which is informed by recent papers and process design studies by the US Department of Energy and other groups, and also largely ignored by other gasification books. • Approaches coal gasification and related technologies from a process engineering point of view, providing a perspective for engineers and scientists who analyze and improve components of coal conversion processes • Describes the fundamentals of gasification, gasification technologies, and gas cleaning processes • Emphasizes the importance of the coal types fed to the gasifier and desired end products • Covers gasification kinetics, which was largely ignored by other gasification books Provides a perspective for engineers and scientists who analyze and improve components of the coal conversion processes Describes the fundamentals of gasification, gasification technologies, and gas cleaning processes Covers gasification kinetics, which was largely ignored by other gasification books

Coal and Biomass Gasification

Coal and Biomass Gasification
Recent Advances and Future Challenges

by Santanu De,Avinash Kumar Agarwal,V. S. Moholkar,Bhaskar Thallada

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-12-13
  • Pages : 521
  • ISBN : 981107335X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book addresses the science and technology of the gasification process and the production of electricity, synthetic fuels and other useful chemicals. Pursuing a holistic approach, it covers the fundamentals of gasification and its various applications. In addition to discussing recent advances and outlining future directions, it covers advanced topics such as underground coal gasification and chemical looping combustion, and describes the state-of-the-art experimental techniques, modeling and numerical simulations, environmentally friendly approaches, and technological challenges involved. Written in an easy-to-understand format with a comprehensive glossary and bibliography, the book offers an ideal reference guide to coal and biomass gasification for beginners, engineers and researchers involved in designing or operating gasification plants.

Computational Modeling of Underground Coal Gasification

Computational Modeling of Underground Coal Gasification
A Book

by Vivek V. Ranade,Sanjay M Mahajani,Ganesh Arunkumar Samdani

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-07-15
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 1351608657
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book deals with development of comprehensive computational models for simulating underground coal gasification (UCG). It starts with an introduction to the UCG process and process modelling inputs in the form of reaction kinetics, flow patterns, spalling rate, and transport coefficient that are elaborated with methods to generate the same are described with illustrations. All the known process models are reviewed, and relative merits and limitations of the modeling approaches are highlighted and compared. The book describes all the necessary steps required to determine the techno-economic feasibility of UCG process for a given coal reserve, through modeling and simulation.

Fossil Energy Update

Fossil Energy Update
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1986
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies, Second Edition

Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies, Second Edition
A Book

by Sunggyu Lee,James G. Speight,Sudarshan K. Loyalka

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2014-07-08
  • Pages : 712
  • ISBN : 146659456X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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While strides are being made in the research and development of environmentally acceptable and more sustainable alternative fuels—including efforts to reduce emissions of air pollutants associated with combustion processes from electric power generation and vehicular transportation—fossil fuel resources are limited and may soon be on the verge of depletion in the near future. Measuring the correlation between quality of life, energy consumption, and the efficient utilization of energy, the Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies, Second Edition thoroughly examines the science and technology of alternative fuels and their processing technologies. It focuses specifically on environmental, technoeconomic, and socioeconomic issues associated with the use of alternative energy sources, such as sustainability, applicable technologies, modes of utilization, and impacts on society. Written with research and development scientists and engineers in mind, the material in this handbook provides a detailed description and an assessment of available and feasible technologies, environmental health and safety issues, governmental regulations, and issues and agendas for R&D. It also includes alternative energy networks for production, distribution, and consumption. What’s New in This Edition: Contains several new chapters of emerging interest and updates various chapters throughout Includes coverage of coal gasification and liquefaction, hydrogen technology and safety, shale fuel by hydraulic fracturing, ethanol from lignocellulosics, biodiesel, algae fuels, and energy from waste products Covers statistics, current concerns, and future trends A single-volume complete reference, the Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies, Second Edition contains relevant information on chemistry, technology, and novel approaches, as well as scientific foundations for further enhancements and breakthroughs. In addition to its purposes as a handbook for practicing scientists and engineers, it can also be used as a textbook or as a reference book on fuel science and engineering, energy and environment, chemical process design, and energy and environmental policy.

Geomechanical Processes during Underground Mining

Geomechanical Processes during Underground Mining
School of Underground Mining 2012

by Volodymyr Bondarenko,Iryna Kovalevs'ka,Mykhaylo Illiashov,Genadiy Pivnyak

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2012-09-03
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 0203073274
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume deals with economic aspects of mining companies development strategies, various mineral deposits development techniques, imitational modeling of mine workings with rock massif, methane extraction technologies during coal mining, geomechanical processes during plow mining, mining transport importance for mineral extraction, massif

Underground Coal Gasification and Unconventional Gas Research, Development, and Demonstration Act

Underground Coal Gasification and Unconventional Gas Research, Development, and Demonstration Act
Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Energy Research and Development of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, Ninety-sixth Congress, Second Session, on S. 2774 ... July 29 and 31, 1980

by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. Subcommittee on Energy Research and Development

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1981
  • Pages : 471
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Applied Coal Petrology

Applied Coal Petrology
The Role of Petrology in Coal Utilization

by Isabel Suárez-Ruiz,John C. Crelling

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2008-10-09
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 9780080951546
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is an integrated approach towards the applications of coal (organic) petrology and discusses the role of this science in the field of coal and coal-related topics. Coal petrology needs to be seen as a continuum of organic (macerals) and inorganic (minerals and trace elements) contributions to the total coal structure, with the overprint of coal rank. All this influences the behavior of coal in utilization, the coal by-products, the properties of coal as a reservoir for methane or a sequestration site for carbon dioxide, and the relationships of coal utilization with health and environmental issues. The interaction of coal properties and coal utilization begins at the mine face. The breakage of the coal in mining influences its subsequent beneficiation. Beneficiation is fundamental to the proper combustion of coal and is vital to the preparation of the feedstock for the production of metallurgical coke. An understanding of basic coal properties is important for achieving reductions in trace element emissions and improving the efficiency of combustion and combined-cycle gasification. The production of methane from coal beds is related to the properties of the in situ coal. Similarly, coal bed sequestration of carbon dioxide produced from combustion is dependent on the reservoir properties. Environmental problems accompany coal on its way from the mine to the point of utilization and beyond. Health aspects related with coal mining and coal utilization are also included because, in planning for coal use, it is impossible to separate environmental and health issues from the discussion of coal utilization. The book is aimed at a wide audience, ranging from researchers, lecturers and students to professionals in industry and discusses issues (such as the environmental, and health) that are of concern to the general public as a whole. This book focuses on the applications of coal (organic) petrology to our modern society It is an integrated approach to help the reader appreciate the importance of coal quality and coal utilization. Coal composition (macerals, mineral, trace elements) and the overprint of coal rank are treated together The book synthesises all the possibilities of the organic petrology as a tool for coal utilization in conventional applications (mining and beneficiation, coal combustion, gasification, liquefaction, carbonization), as a precursor of carbon materials and as a petroleum source and reservoir rock The role of applied petrology in the characterization of solid by-products from coal utilization is also discussed In addition, this book describes the present status of environmental and health problems linked to coal utilization and the ways in which such problems might be overcome in the future

Inventory of Energy Research and Development, 1973-1975

Inventory of Energy Research and Development, 1973-1975
A Book

by Oak Ridge National Laboratory

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1976
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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XVIII International Coal Preparation Congress

XVIII International Coal Preparation Congress
28 June—01 July 2016 Saint-Petersburg, Russia

by Vladimir Litvinenko

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-10-21
  • Pages : 1196
  • ISBN : 3319409433
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book gathers technical and scientific articles by leading experts from 15 countries and originally presented at the world’s most prestigious forum on coal preparation: the XVIII International Coal Preparation Congress. Topics addressed include: the mineral resources basis of the coal industry; problems and prospects of development in the coal industry; crushing, grinding, screening and classification processes used at sorting plants; coal processing and briquette factories; review of plant designs and operations used around the world; new developments in dense-medium separators, water-based separation processes, froth flotation and dewatering; technologies and equipment for the dry separation of coal; coal deep processing technologies and equipment; energy generation as an area of coal deep processing; and simulation and optimization software for separation processes.In general, the future of coal around the world is defined by its competitiveness. As the cheapest form of fuel (comparatively speaking), coal undoubtedly continues to be in high demand around the world.

Advanced Power Plant Materials, Design and Technology

Advanced Power Plant Materials, Design and Technology
A Book

by Dermot Roddy

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2010-05-24
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 1845699467
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fossil-fuel power plants account for the majority of worldwide power generation. Increasing global energy demands, coupled with issues of ageing and inefficient power plants, have led to new power plant construction programmes. As cheaper fossil fuel resources are exhausted and emissions criteria are tightened, utilities are turning to power plants designed with performance in mind to satisfy requirements for improved capacity, efficiency, and environmental characteristics. Advanced power plant materials, design and technology provides a comprehensive reference on the state of the art of gas-fired and coal-fired power plants, their major components and performance improvement options. Part one critically reviews advanced power plant designs which target both higher efficiency and flexible operation, including reviews of combined cycle technology and materials performance issues. Part two reviews major plant components for improved operation, including advanced membrane technology for both hydrogen (H2) and carbon dioxide (CO2) separation, as well as flue gas handling technologies for improved emissions control of sulphur oxides (SOx), nitrogen oxides (NOx), mercury, ash and particulates. The section concludes with coverage of high-temperature sensors, and monitoring and control technology that are essential to power plant operation and performance optimisation. Part three begins with coverage of low-rank coal upgrading and biomass resource utilisation for improved power plant fuel flexibility. Routes to improve the environmental impact are also reviewed, with chapters detailing the integration of underground coal gasification and the application of carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and storage. Finally, improved generation performance is reviewed with coverage of syngas and hydrogen (H2) production from fossil-fuel feedstocks. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Advanced power plant materials, design and technology is a standard reference for all power plant engineers and operators, as well as to academics and researchers in this field. Provides a comprehensive reference on the state-of-the-art gas-fired and coal-fired power plants, their major components and performance improvement options Examines major plant components for improved operation as well as flue gas handling technologies for improved emissions control Routes to improve environmental impact are discussed with chapters detailing the integration of underground coal gasification

An Introduction to Coal Technology

An Introduction to Coal Technology
A Book

by N. Berkowitz

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-12-02
  • Pages : 359
  • ISBN : 0323138381
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An Introduction to Coal Technology provides an overview explaining what coal is, how it came into being, what its principal physical and chemical properties are, and how it is handled or processed for particular end uses. This book is divided into two parts; the first of which focuses on coal science and the second on technology. This volume is organized into 15 chapters and begins with a brief account of the origin, formation, and distribution of coal, along with its composition, classification, and most important properties. It then turns to beneficiation and handling; combustion; and various partial or complete conversion technologies. The final chapter deals with some aspects of pollution and pollution control. This book provides fairly detailed discussions on coal chemistry, including the molecular structure of coal. The challenges and limitations of coal technology are also considered. This book is intended for scientists and engineers who are active in other fields, but who might want to bring coal within the orbit of their interests, and to advanced students of chemical and mineral engineering who are contemplating careers in coal-related endeavors.

Coal Production and Processing Technology

Coal Production and Processing Technology
A Book

by M.R. Riazi,Rajender Gupta

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2015-11-05
  • Pages : 549
  • ISBN : 148225218X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Coal Production and Processing Technology provides uniquely comprehensive coverage of the latest coal technologies used in everything from mining to greenhouse gas mitigation. Featuring contributions from experts in industry and academia, this book:Discusses coal geology, characterization, beneficiation, combustion, coking, gasification, and liquef

Low-rank Coals for Power Generation, Fuel and Chemical Production

Low-rank Coals for Power Generation, Fuel and Chemical Production
A Book

by Zhongyang Luo,Michalis Agraniotis

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2017-06-22
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN : 0081009291
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Low-Rank Coals for Power Generation, Fuel and Chemical Production provides a thorough introduction to lignite (brown coal) and subbituminous coals and explores how they can be used efficiently and economically in place of hard coal. The book examines the undesirable characteristics of low-quality coals, such as high moisture content, low calorific value, and aggressive ash characteristics, and the resulting refinements to standard technologies and practices required for successful combustion, gasification, and pyrolysis. The first part of this book provides a comprehensive and systematic review of the properties of low-rank coals and corresponding preparation methods, such as drying, cleaning, and upgrading. Power generation from low-rank coals is the focus of Part 2, with chapter topics ranging from high efficiency pulverized coal combustion and circulating fluidized bed combustion to emerging areas such as chemical looping and oxyfuel combustion. The final contributions address the important subjects of coal-to-liquids,polygeneration and coke production using low-rank coals, as well as the critical issue of carbon capture and storage. This book is a valuable resource for power generation engineers and researchers seeking to maximize the opportunities provided by these cheaper coal feedstocks for efficient and environmentally compatible power generation. Presents the most in-depth treatment of low-rank coals available Addresses both power generation and fuel production Includes coverage that spans pulverized coal combustion and emerging technologies, such as CFBC, UCG, CLC, and oxyfuel combustion

Coal

Coal
Research and Development to Support National Energy Policy

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on Coal Research, Technology, and Resource Assessments to Inform Energy Policy

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2007-11-21
  • Pages : 182
  • ISBN : 9780309134132
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Coal will continue to provide a major portion of energy requirements in the United States for at least the next several decades. It is imperative that accurate information describing the amount, location, and quality of the coal resources and reserves be available to fulfill energy needs. It is also important that the United States extract its coal resources efficiently, safely, and in an environmentally responsible manner. A renewed focus on federal support for coal-related research, coordinated across agencies and with the active participation of the states and industrial sector, is a critical element for each of these requirements. Coal focuses on the research and development needs and priorities in the areas of coal resource and reserve assessments, coal mining and processing, transportation of coal and coal products, and coal utilization.

Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing

Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing
Sensors, Methods, Applications

by Claudia Kuenzer,Stefan Dech

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-06-17
  • Pages : 537
  • ISBN : 9400766394
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in the field of thermal infrared remote sensing. Temperature is one of the most important physical environmental variables monitored by earth observing remote sensing systems. Temperature ranges define the boundaries of habitats on our planet. Thermal hazards endanger our resources and well-being. In this book renowned international experts have contributed chapters on currently available thermal sensors as well as innovative plans for future missions. Further chapters discuss the underlying physics and image processing techniques for analyzing thermal data. Ground-breaking chapters on applications present a wide variety of case studies leading to a deepened understanding of land and sea surface temperature dynamics, urban heat island effects, forest fires, volcanic eruption precursors, underground coal fires, geothermal systems, soil moisture variability, and temperature-based mineral discrimination. ‘Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing: Sensors, Methods, Applications’ is unique because of the large field it spans, the potentials it reveals, and the detail it provides. This book is an indispensable volume for scientists, lecturers, and decision makers interested in thermal infrared technology, methods, and applications.

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage
Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group III.

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2005-12-19
  • Pages : 431
  • ISBN : 052186643X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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IPCC Report on sources, capture, transport, and storage of CO2, for researchers, policy-makers and engineers.

Petroleum Abstracts

Petroleum Abstracts
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fuels, Energy, and the Environment

Fuels, Energy, and the Environment
A Book

by Ghazi A. Karim

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-04-19
  • Pages : 361
  • ISBN : 1466510188
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The need for cleaner, sustainable energy continues to drive engineering research, development, and capital projects. Recent advances in combustion science and technology, including sophisticated diagnostic and control equipment, have enabled engineers to improve fuel processes and systems and reduce the damaging effects of fuels on the environment.