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Understanding Disaster Risk

Understanding Disaster Risk
A Multidimensional Approach

by Pedro Pinto Santos,Ksenia Chmutina,Jason Von Meding,Emmanuel Raju

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-09-30
  • Pages : 370
  • ISBN : 0128190485
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Understanding Disaster Risk: A Multidimensional Approach presents the first principle from the UNISDR Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, 2015-2030. The framework includes a discussion of risk and resilience from both a theoretical and governance perspective in light of ideas that are shaping our common future. In addition, it presents innovative tools and best practices in reducing risk and building resilience. Combining the applications of social, financial, technological, design, engineering and nature-based approaches, the volume addresses rising global priorities and focuses on strengthening the global understanding of vulnerability, displaced communities, cultural heritages and cultural identity. Readers will gain a multifaceted understanding of disaster, addressing both historic and contemporary issues. Focusing on the various dimensions of disaster risk, the book details natural and social components of risk and the challenges posed to risk assessment models under the climate change paradigm. Addresses the current challenges in policy and practice for building resilience strategies Follows the global frameworks for disaster risk reduction and sustainability, specifically the UNISDR Sendai Framework for DRR, 2015-2030 Aids in understanding the natural and social components of risk in a diverse and globalized world Presents the challenges posed to risk assessment models under the climate change paradigm

Understanding and Reducing Landslide Disaster Risk

Understanding and Reducing Landslide Disaster Risk
Volume 2 From Mapping to Hazard and Risk Zonation

by Fausto Guzzetti,Snježana Mihalić Arbanas,Paola Reichenbach,Kyoji Sassa,Peter T. Bobrowsky,Kaoru Takara

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-12-22
  • Pages : 505
  • ISBN : 3030602273
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a part of ICL new book series “ICL Contribution to Landslide Disaster Risk Reduction” founded in 2019. Peer-reviewed papers submitted to the Fifth World Landslide Forum were published in six volumes of this book series. This book contains the followings: • Keynotes • Landslide detection, recognition and mapping • Landslide susceptibility assessment and modelling • Landslide size statistics and temporal modelling • Data and information for landslide disaster mitigation • Vulnerability to landslides of people, communities and the built environment Dr. Fausto Guzzetti is General Director of Office III – Technical and Scientific Activities for Risk Forecasting and Prevention, Department of Civil Protection, Italian Presidency of the Council of Ministers, on leave from the Italian National Research Council. Prof. Snježana Mihalić Arbanas is a Full Professor of the Faculty of Mining, Geology and Petroleum Engineering of the University of Zagreb, Croatia. She is the Chair of ICL Network Committee. Paola Reichenbach is a Senior Researcher of the Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection, an institute of the Italian National Research Council (IRPI-CNR), Perugia, Italy. Prof. Kyoji Sassa is the Founding President and the Secretary-General of the International Consortium on Landslides (ICL). He has been the Editor-in-Chief of International Journal Landslides since its foundation in 2004. Prof. Peter Bobrowsky is the President of the International Consortium on Landslides. He is a Senior Scientist of Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Canada. Prof. Kaoru Takara is the Executive Director of the International Consortium on Landslides. He is a Professor and Dean of Graduate School of Advanced Integrated Studies (GSAIS) in Human Survivability (Shishu-Kan), Kyoto University.

Urban Risk Assessments

Urban Risk Assessments
Understanding Disaster and Climate Risk in Cities

by Eric Dickson

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 0821389629
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"The report was prepared by a Bank team comprised of Eric Dickson ... [et al.]."

Understanding and Reducing Landslide Disaster Risk

Understanding and Reducing Landslide Disaster Risk
Volume 1 Sendai Landslide Partnerships and Kyoto Landslide Commitment

by Kyoji Sassa,Matjaž Mikoš,Shinji Sassa,Peter T. Bobrowsky,Kaoru Takara,Khang Dang

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2020-12-22
  • Pages : 641
  • ISBN : 9783030601959
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a part of ICL new book series “ICL Contribution to Landslide Disaster Risk Reduction” founded in 2019. Peer-reviewed papers submitted to the Fifth World Landslide Forum were published in six volumes of this book series. This book contains the followings: • Four Forum lectures and one award paper • Sendai Landslide Partnerships, Kyoto Landslide Commitment, and International Programme on Landslides. • Landslide-induced tsunamis • Landslides at UNESCO designates sites and contribution from WMO, FAO, and IRDR • Education and Capacity Development for Risk Management and Risk Governance Prof. Kyoji Sassa is the Founding President and the Secretary-General of International Consortium on Landslides (ICL). He has been the Editor-in-Chief of International Journal Landslides since its foundation in 2004. Prof. Matjaž Mikoš is the Vice President of International Consortium on Landslides and Vice President of Slovenian Academy of Engineering. He is a Professor and Dean of Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia. Dr. Shinji Sassa is Head of Soil Dynamics Group and Research Director of International Research Center for Coastal Disasters, Port and Airport Research Institute, National Institute of Maritime, Port and Aviation Technology, Japan. Prof. Peter Bobrowsky is the President of International Consortium on Landslides. He is a Senior Scientist of Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Canada. Prof. Kaoru Takara is the Executive Director of International Consortium on Landslides. He is a Professor and Dean of Graduate School of Advanced Integrated Studies (GSAIS) in Human Survivability (Shishu-Kan), Kyoto University. Dr. Khang Dang is the Secretary General of the Fifth World Landslide Forum. He also serves as the Research Promotion Officer of ICL and a Lecturer at the University of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi.

Understanding and Reducing Landslide Disaster Risk

Understanding and Reducing Landslide Disaster Risk
Volume 5 Catastrophic Landslides and Frontiers of Landslide Science

by Vít Vilímek,Fawu Wang,Alexander Strom,Kyoji Sassa,Peter T. Bobrowsky,Kaoru Takara

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-12-21
  • Pages : 427
  • ISBN : 3030603199
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a part of ICL new book series “ICL Contribution to Landslide Disaster Risk Reduction” founded in 2019. Peer-reviewed papers submitted to the Fifth World Landslide Forum were published in six volumes of this book series. This book contains the followings: Part I with topics is mainly about landslides and earthquakes; landslide dams and outburst floods; catastrophic large-scale landslides in mountainous regions. Part II with topics is mainly about impact of climate change; loess landslides; mapping, monitoring and modeling of landslides; stabilization and mitigation; application of new technology in landslide studies. Prof. Vít Vilímek is the vice-president of the International Consortium on Landslides (ICL) and a member of the evaluation committee, Editor-in-Chief of the university journal AUC Geographica and Associate Editor-in-Chief of the international journal Geoenvironmental Disasters. He is a Professor of Physical Geography at Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic. Prof. Fawu Wang is the President of the International Consortium on Geo-disaster Reduction (ICGdR) and the Editor-in-Chief of the international journal Geoenvironmental Disasters. He is a Professor at the School of Civil Engineering, Tongji University, China. Dr. Alexander Strom is a chief expert at the Geodynamics Research Center LLC, Moscow, Russia. He is also an Adjunct Professor at Chang’an University, Xi’an, China, Visiting Professor at SKLGP, Chengdu, China, and an alternative representative of the JSC “Hydroproject Institute” in ICL. Prof. Kyoji Sassa is the Founding President and the Secretary-General of the International Consortium on Landslides (ICL). He has been the Editor-in-Chief of International Journal Landslides since its foundation in 2004. Prof. Peter Bobrowsky is the President of the International Consortium on Landslides. He is a Senior Scientist of Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Canada. Prof. Kaoru Takara is the Executive Director of the International Consortium on Landslides. He is a Professor and Dean of Graduate School of Advanced Integrated Studies (GSAIS) in Human Survivability (Shishu-Kan), Kyoto University.

Understanding Disaster Risk Management as an Everyday Concept and Practice in Municipal Government Policy, Planning and Management

Understanding Disaster Risk Management as an Everyday Concept and Practice in Municipal Government Policy, Planning and Management
Learning from the Experience of Santa Fe, Argentina, with Urban Flood Risk

by María Evangelina Filippi

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cultures and Disasters

Cultures and Disasters
Understanding Cultural Framings in Disaster Risk Reduction

by Fred Krüger,Greg Bankoff,Terry Cannon,Benedikt Orlowski,E. Lisa F. Schipper

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2015-04-24
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN : 1317754646
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Why did the people of the Zambesi Delta affected by severe flooding return early to their homes or even choose to not evacuate? How is the forced resettlement of small-scale farmers living along the foothills of an active volcano on the Philippines impacting on their day-to-day livelihood routines? Making sense of such questions and observations is only possible by understanding how the decision-making of societies at risk is embedded in culture, and how intervention measures acknowledge, or neglect, cultural settings. The social construction of risk is being given increasing priority in understand how people experience and prioritize hazards in their own lives and how vulnerability can be reduced, and resilience increased, at a local level. Culture and Disasters adopts an interdisciplinary approach to explore this cultural dimension of disaster, with contributions from leading international experts within the field. Section I provides discussion of theoretical considerations and practical research to better understand the important of culture in hazards and disasters. Culture can be interpreted widely with many different perspectives; this enables us to critically consider the cultural boundedness of research itself, as well as the complexities of incorporating various interpretations into DRR. If culture is omitted, related issues of adaptation, coping, intervention, knowledge and power relations cannot be fully grasped. Section II explores what aspects of culture shape resilience? How have people operationalized culture in every day life to establish DRR practice? What constitutes a resilient culture and what role does culture play in a society’s decision making? It is natural for people to seek refuge in tried and trust methods of disaster mitigation, however, culture and belief systems are constantly evolving. How these coping strategies can be introduced into DRR therefore poses a challenging question. Finally, Section III examines the effectiveness of key scientific frameworks for understanding the role of culture in disaster risk reduction and management. DRR includes a range of norms and breaking these through an understanding of cultural will challenge established theoretical and empirical frameworks.

Understanding and Reducing Landslide Disaster Risk

Understanding and Reducing Landslide Disaster Risk
Volume 4 Testing, Modeling and Risk Assessment

by Binod Tiwari,Kyoji Sassa,Peter T. Bobrowsky,Kaoru Takara

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2020-12-23
  • Pages : 507
  • ISBN : 9783030607050
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a part of ICL new book series “ICL Contribution to Landslide Disaster Risk Reduction” founded in 2019. Peer-reviewed papers submitted to the Fifth World Landslide Forum were published in six volumes of this book series. This book contains the followings: • Five keynote lectures • Recent development in physical modeling of landslides • Recent development in numerical modeling of landslides • Recent development in soil and rock testing techniques, application and analysis methods • Recent advancements in the methods of slope stability and deformation analyses • Recent development in disaster risk assessment Prof. Binod Tiwari is a Vice President of the International Consortium on Landslides (ICL). He is the Associate Vice President for research and sponsored project and Professor of civil and environmental engineering at the California State University, Fullerton, California, USA. Prof. Kyoji Sassa is the Founding President and the Secretary-General of the International Consortium on Landslides (ICL). He has been the Editor-in-Chief of International Journal Landslides since its foundation in 2004. Prof. Peter Bobrowsky is the President of the International Consortium on Landslides. He is a Senior Scientist of Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Canada. Prof. Kaoru Takara is the Executive Director of the International Consortium on Landslides. He is a Professor and Dean of Graduate School of Advanced Integrated Studies (GSAIS) in Human Survivability (Shishu-Kan), Kyoto University.

Planning for Disaster Risk Reduction

Planning for Disaster Risk Reduction
An Anthropological Approach to Understanding Disaster and the Planning Process

by Safiyya Devraj,University of Guelph. University School of Rural Planning and Development,University of Guelph. School of Environmental Design and Rural Development

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 58
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Cambridge Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction and International Law

The Cambridge Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction and International Law
A Book

by Katja L. H. Samuel,Marie Aronsson-Storrier,Kirsten Nakjavani Bookmiller

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2019-02-28
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1108693199
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The number, intensity, and impact of diverse forms of 'natural' and 'human-made' disasters are increasing. In response, the international community has shifted its primary focus away from disaster response to prevention and improved preparedness. The current globally agreed upon roadmap is the ambitious Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030, central to which is the better understanding of disaster risk management and mitigation. Sendai also urges innovative implementation, especially multi-sectoral and multi-hazard coherence. Yet the law sector itself remains relatively under-developed, including a paucity of supporting 'DRR law' scholarship and minimal cross-sectoral engagement. Commonly, this is attributable to limited understanding by other sectors about law's dynamic potential as a tool of disaster risk mitigation, despite the availability of many risk-related norms across a broad spectrum of legal regimes. This unique, timely Handbook brings together global and multi-sector perspectives on one of the most pressing policy issues of our time.

The Capacity Crisis in Disaster Risk Management

The Capacity Crisis in Disaster Risk Management
Why disaster management capacity remains low in developing countries and what can be done

by Asmita Tiwari

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-03-05
  • Pages : 218
  • ISBN : 331909405X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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How can a place be built and managed so that it is safe for people to live? Ironically, many governments and citizens keep on asking the same question after every new disaster. Why, even with high levels of investment in increasing government’s capacity to manage disasters, do the impacts of disasters continue to increase? What can the governments do differently? What is the role of local communities? Where should aid agencies invest? This book looks into these critical questions and highlights how current capacity development efforts might be resulting in the opposite—capacity crisis or capability trap. The book provides a new approach for the understanding and the developing of effective local capacity to reduce and manage future disaster impacts.

Understanding Risk in an Evolving World

Understanding Risk in an Evolving World

by Alanna Simpson; Rick Murnane; Keiko Saito; Emma Phillips; Robert Reid; Anne Himmelfarb

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Across the globe, a consensus is emerging on the central importance of risk information in disaster risk management. When risks are quantified and the potential impacts of hazards are anticipated, governments, communities, and individuals are able to make more informed decisions. This publication highlights some of the influential efforts—by technical specialists, institutions, and governments around the world—to create and communicate risk information quickly and at low cost, to improve the quality and transparency of risk information, and to enable more local engagement in the production of authoritative risk information than ever before. Case studies spanning 40 countries and contributed by more than 50 institutions showcase emerging best practices, demonstrate how risk assessments are being used to inform disaster risk management and broader development, and highlight lessons learned through these efforts. "

Investing in Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience

Investing in Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience
Design, Methods and Knowledge under Climate Change

by A. Nuno Martins,Gonzalo Lizarralde,Temitope Egbelakin,Liliane Hobeica,Jose Manuel Mendes,Adib Hobeica

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2022-04-01
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0128187352
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Successful applications in the field of disaster risk reduction require interdisciplinary, coordinated action. Current literature focuses on comprehensive understandings of processes critical to risk reduction but lack in-depth discussions that put this accumulated knowledge into actionable tools for decision-making. Investing in Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience is based on the third principle of the Sendai Framework. The UNISDR Sendai Framework for DRR (disaster risk reduction) 2015-2030 is a recently adopted global agreement focused on reducing disaster risk. The Sendai Framework emphasizes that the State holds the primary responsibility in reducing risk but argues for the additional involvement of relevant stakeholders to address challenges in the policy and practice of building resilience strategies. The framework has four key principles: Understanding disaster risk Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response to "Build Back Better" in recovery, rehabilitation, and reconstruction This book discusses specific aspects of the third principle, including both public and private investment in disaster risk prevention/reduction through structural and non-structural measures. By presenting these multilevel investment strategies, the book offers methods for increasing the resilience of cultural landscapes and heritages for poor, migrating, or displaced populations during post humanitarian crises. This emphasis of increasing resilience of heritage and culture is unique compared to the current literature. Follows the global frameworks for disaster risk reduction and sustainability, specifically the UNISDR Sendai Framework for DRR, 2015-2030 Addresses ways to increase resilience in humanitarian crises after disasters Provides considerations for resilience of cultural landscapes and heritages Presents methodologies dealing with risk uncertainty, ambiguity, and complexity

Geomorphology and Natural Hazards

Geomorphology and Natural Hazards
Understanding Landscape Change for Disaster Mitigation

by Timothy R. Davies,Oliver Korup,John J. Clague

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-04-05
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 1119990319
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Natural disasters are occasional intense events that disturb Earth's surface, but their impact can be felt long after. Hazard events such as earthquakes, volcanos, drought, and storms can trigger a catastrophic reshaping of the landscape through the erosion, transport, and deposition of different kinds of materials. Geomorphology and Natural Hazards: Understanding Landscape Change for Disaster Mitigation is a graduate level textbook that explores the natural hazards resulting from landscape change and shows how an Earth science perspective can inform hazard mitigation and disaster impact reduction. Volume highlights include: Definitions of hazards, risks, and disasters Impact of different natural hazards on Earth surface processes Geomorphologic insights for hazard assessment and risk mitigation Models for predicting natural hazards How human activities have altered 'natural' hazards Complementarity of geomorphology and engineering to manage threats

Urban Risk Assessments

Urban Risk Assessments
An Approach for Understanding Disaster and Climate Risk in Cities

by Thierry Paulais

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 2012-06-22
  • Pages : 349
  • ISBN : 082139455X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents a framework, the Urban Risk Assessment, for assessing disaster and climate risk in cities which is intended to assist in decision-making, urban planning, and designing risk management programs. The approach seeks to strengthen coherence and consensus within and across cities in understanding and planning for risk from natural disasters and climate change. The target audience for this book includes policy makers, urban practitioners and technical staff, and international organizations. The Urban Risk Assessment is a flexible approach based on three reinforcing pillars that collectively contribute to the understanding of urban risk: a hazard impact assessment, an institutional assessment, and a socioeconomic assessment. The URA is designed to allow flexibility in how it is applied dependent on available financial resources, available data relating to hazards and its population, and institutional capacity of a given city. Based on the identified needs and priorities, city governments can select the most appropriate level of risk assessment. Chapters 1 and 2 of the book are aimed at policy makers with information on why and how to invest in measures that strengthen the understanding of urban risk; Chapter 1 provides background information on the growing importance of disaster and climate risk management strategies at the city level and Chapter 2 provides guidance on how to operationalize and mainstream the Urban Risk Assessment with ongoing urban management and development activities. Chapters 3 and 4 are aimed at practitioners, and provide details on the conceptual approach, components, uses, and monitoring requirements for carrying out an Urban Risk Assessment.

Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience

Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience
A Book

by Muneta Yokomatsu,Stefan Hochrainer-Stigler

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-08-02
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN : 9811543208
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides insight on how disaster risk management can increase the resilience of society to various natural hazards. The multi-dimensionality of resilience and the various different perspectives in regards to disaster risk reduction are taken explicitly into account by providing studies and approaches on different scales and ranging from natural science based methods to social science frameworks. For all chapters, special emphasis is placed on implementation aspects and specifically in regards to the targets and priorities for action laid out in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. The chapters provide also a starting point for interested readers on specific issues of resilience and therefore include extensive reference material and important future directions for research.

Facing Hazards and Disasters

Facing Hazards and Disasters
Understanding Human Dimensions

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Committee on Disaster Research in the Social Sciences: Future Challenges and Opportunities

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2006-09-10
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 0309101786
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Social science research conducted since the late 1970s has contributed greatly to society's ability to mitigate and adapt to natural, technological, and willful disasters. However, as evidenced by Hurricane Katrina, the Indian Ocean tsunami, the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States, and other recent events, hazards and disaster research and its application could be improved greatly. In particular, more studies should be pursued that compare how the characteristics of different types of events-including predictability, forewarning, magnitude, and duration of impact-affect societal vulnerability and response. This book includes more than thirty recommendations for the hazards and disaster community.

Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management

Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management
A Book

by Walter Leal Filho

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-08-10
  • Pages : 692
  • ISBN : 3642311105
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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​There has been some degree of reluctance in the past to consider disaster risk management within the mainstream of adaptation to climate variability and climate change. However, there is now wide recognition of the need to incorporate disaster risk management concerns in dealing with such phenomena. There is also a growing awareness of the necessity for a multi-sectoral approach in managing the effects of climate variability and climate change, since this can lead to a significant reduction of risk. This book presents the latest findings from scientific research on climate variation, climate change and their links with disaster risk management. It showcases projects and other initiatives in this field that are being undertaken in both industrialised and developing countries, by universities and scientific institutions, government bodies, national and international agencies, NGOs and other stakeholders. Finally, it discusses current and future challenges, identifying opportunities and highlighting the still unrealised potential for promoting better understanding of the connections between climate variation, climate change and disaster risk management worldwide.

Geomorphology and Natural Hazards

Geomorphology and Natural Hazards
Understanding Landscape Change for Disaster Mitigation

by Timothy R. Davies,Oliver Korup,John J. Clague

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-04-19
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 1118648609
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Natural disasters are occasional intense events that disturb Earth's surface, but their impact can be felt long after. Hazard events such as earthquakes, volcanos, drought, and storms can trigger a catastrophic reshaping of the landscape through the erosion, transport, and deposition of different kinds of materials. Geomorphology and Natural Hazards: Understanding Landscape Change for Disaster Mitigation is a graduate level textbook that explores the natural hazards resulting from landscape change and shows how an Earth science perspective can inform hazard mitigation and disaster impact reduction. Volume highlights include: Definitions of hazards, risks, and disasters Impact of different natural hazards on Earth surface processes Geomorphologic insights for hazard assessment and risk mitigation Models for predicting natural hazards How human activities have altered 'natural' hazards Complementarity of geomorphology and engineering to manage threats

Understanding Risk in an Evolving World

Understanding Risk in an Evolving World
Emerging Best Practices in Natural Disaster Risk Assessment

by Global Facility for Disaster Reduction

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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