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Understanding Process Equipment for Operators and Engineers

Understanding Process Equipment for Operators and Engineers
A Book

by Norman Lieberman

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-05-08
  • Pages : 431
  • ISBN : 0128161620
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Understanding Process Equipment for Operators and Engineers explains how process equipment functions. As problems often arise in plants that must be solved by unit engineers, this book offers successful solutions and methods for their implementation. The concepts explained are based on Norm Lieberman’s personal, hands-on experience. Like you, Norm attended a university and was exposed to technical seminars which did not always provide the needed solutions. In this text, you will learn the functioning of a variety of equipment types, including Fired Heater Draft, Centrifugal Pump Head, Distillation Tray Efficiency, Vacuum Jets, Recip Compressors, Steam Turbines, Thermosyphon Circulation Reboilers and Air Cooler. Includes methods and procedures on how to make field measurements Outlines fire heater principles and operation and how they develop draft Describes distillation column operation and methods to increase their efficiency Includes computer modeling and provides use case examples

Working Guide to Process Equipment, Third Edition

Working Guide to Process Equipment, Third Edition
A Book

by Norman Lieberman,Elizabeth Lieberman

  • Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
  • Release : 2008-05-18
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN : 9780071640961
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Diagnose and Troubleshoot Problems in Chemical Process Equipment with This Updated Classic! Chemical engineers and plant operators can rely on the Third Edition of A Working Guide to Process Equipment for the latest diagnostic tips, practical examples, and detailed illustrations for pinpointing trouble and correcting problems in chemical process equipment. This updated classic contains new chapters on Control Valves, Cooling Towers, Waste Heat Boilers, Catalytic Effects, Fundamental Concepts of Process Equipment, and Process Safety. Filled with worked-out calculations, the book examines everything from trays, reboilers, instruments, air coolers, and steam turbines...to fired heaters, refrigeration systems, centrifugal pumps, separators, and compressors. The authors simplify complex issues and explain the technical issues needed to solve all kinds of equipment problems. Comprehensive and clear, the Third Edition of A Working Guide to Process Equipment features: Guidance on diagnosing and troubleshooting process equipment problems Explanations of how theory applies to real-world equipment operations Many useful tips, examples, illustrations, and worked-out calculations New to this edition: Control Valves, Cooling Towers, Waste Heat Boilers, Catalytic Effects, and Process Safety Inside this Renowned Guide to Solving Process Equipment Problems • Trays • Tower Pressure • Distillation Towers • Reboilers • Instruments • Packed Towers • Steam and Condensate Systems • Bubble Point and Dew Point • Steam Strippers • Draw-Off Nozzle Hydraulics • Pumparounds and Tower Heat Flows • Condensers and Tower Pressure Control • Air Coolers • Deaerators and Steam Systems • Vacuum Systems • Steam Turbines • Surface Condensers • Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers • Fire Heaters • Refrigeration Systems • Centrifugal Pumps • Separators • Compressors • Safety • Corrosion • Fluid Flow • Computer Modeling and Control • Field Troubleshooting Process Problems

Process Equipment Malfunctions: Techniques to Identify and Correct Plant Problems

Process Equipment Malfunctions: Techniques to Identify and Correct Plant Problems
A Book

by Norman Lieberman

  • Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
  • Release : 2011-12-02
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 0071770216
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO TROUBLESHOOTING PROCESS EQUIPMENT MALFUNCTIONS Process Equipment Malfunctions offers proven techniques for finding and fixing process plant problems and contains details on failure identification. Diagnostic tips, examples, and illustrations help to pinpoint and correct faults in chemical process and petroleum refining equipment. Complex math has been omitted. An essential resource for plant operators and process engineers, this book is based on the author's long career in field troubleshooting process problems. COVERAGE INCLUDES: Distillation tray malfunctions Packed tower problems Distillation tower pressure and composition control Fractionator product stripping Pumparounds Reboiled and steam side strippers Inspecting tower internals Process reboilers--thermosyphon circulation Heat exchangers Condenser limitations Air coolers Cooling water systems Steam condensate collection systems Steam quality problems Level control problems Process plant corrosion and fouling Vapor-liquid separation vessels Hydrocarbon-water separation and desalters Fired heaters--draft and excess O2 Disabling safety systems Vacuum systems and steam jets Vacuum surface condensers Centrifugal pump limitations Steam turbine drivers Centrifugal compressors Reciprocating compressors

Troubleshooting Process Plant Control

Troubleshooting Process Plant Control
A Practical Guide to Avoiding and Correcting Mistakes

by Norman P. Lieberman

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-03-14
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 1119267773
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Examines real life problems and solutions for operators and engineers running process controls Expands on the first book with the addition of five new chapters as well as new troubleshooting examples Written for the working operator and engineer, with straightforward instruction not hinged on complex math Includes real-life examples of control problems that commonly arise and how to fix them Emphasizes single and well-established process engineering principles that will help working engineers and operators switch manual control loops to automatic control

Process Engineering

Process Engineering
Facts, Fiction and Fables

by Norman P. Lieberman

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-04-10
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 1119370272
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is not your average technical book! Using a humorous and easy-to-understand approach to solving common process engineering problems, this unique volume is the go-to guide for any veteran or novice engineer in the plant, office, or classroom. Textbooks are often too theoretical to help the average process engineer solve everyday problems in the plant, and generic handbooks are often out of date and not comprehensive. This guide focuses on the most common problems that every engineer faces and how to solve them. The “characters” walk the reader through every problem and solution step-by-step, through dialogues that literally occur every day in process plants around the world. With over half a century of experience and many books, videos, and seminars to his credit, Norm Lieberman is well-known all over the world and has helped countless companies and engineers through issues with equipment, processes, and training. This is the first time that this knowledge has appeared in a format like this, quite unlike anything ever published before in books on process engineering. This is a must-have for any engineer working in process engineering.

Troubleshooting Vacuum Systems

Troubleshooting Vacuum Systems
Steam Turbine Surface Condensers and Refinery Vacuum Towers

by Norman P. Lieberman

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-12-03
  • Pages : 253
  • ISBN : 1118290348
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Vacuum systems are in wide spread use in the petrochemical plants, petroleum refineries and power generation plants. The existing texts on this subject are theoretical in nature and only deal with how the equipment functions when in good mechanical conditions, from the viewpoint of the equipment vendor. In this much-anticipated volume, one of the most well-respected and prolific process engineers in the world takes on troubleshooting vacuum systems, and especially steam ejectors, an extremely complex and difficult subject that greatly effects the profitability of the majority of the world's refineries.

Process Plant Equipment

Process Plant Equipment
Operation, Control, and Reliability

by Michael D. Holloway,Chikezie Nwaoha,Oliver A. Onyewuenyi

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-08-20
  • Pages : 728
  • ISBN : 1118162544
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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“Process Plant Equipment Book is another greatpublication from Wiley as a reference book for final year studentsas well as those who will work or are working in chemicalproduction plants and refinery…” -Associate Prof.Dr. Ramli Mat, Deputy Dean (Academic), Faculty of ChemicalEngineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia “…give[s] readers access to both fundamentalinformation on process plant equipment and to practical ideas, bestpractices and experiences of highly successful engineers fromaround the world… The book is illustrated throughout withnumerous black & white photos and diagrams and also containscase studies demonstrating how actual process plants haveimplemented the tools and techniques discussed in the book. Anextensive list of references enables readers to explore eachindividual topic in greater depth…”–Stainless Steel World and Valve World, November 2012 Discover how to optimize process plant equipment, fromselection to operation to troubleshooting From energy to pharmaceuticals to food, the world depends onprocessing plants to manufacture the products that enable people tosurvive and flourish. With this book as their guide, readers havethe information and practical guidelines needed to select, operate,maintain, control, and troubleshoot process plant equipment so thatit is efficient, cost-effective, and reliable throughout itslifetime. Following the authors' careful explanations andinstructions, readers will find that they are better able to reducedowntime and unscheduled shutdowns, streamline operations, andmaximize the service life of processing equipment. Process Plant Equipment: Operation, Control, andReliability is divided into three sections: Section One: Process Equipment Operations covers suchkey equipment as valves, pumps, cooling towers, conveyors, andstorage tanks Section Two: Process Plant Reliability sets forth avariety of tested and proven tools and methods to assess and ensurethe reliability and mechanical integrity of process equipment,including failure analysis, Fitness-for-Service assessment,engineering economics for chemical processes, and process componentfunction and performance criteria Section Three: Process Measurement, Control, andModeling examines flow meters, process control, and processmodeling and simulation Throughout the book, numerous photos and diagrams illustrate theoperation and control of key process equipment. There are also casestudies demonstrating how actual process plants have implementedthe tools and techniques discussed in the book. At the end of eachchapter, an extensive list of references enables readers to exploreeach individual topic in greater depth. In summary, this text offers students, process engineers, andplant managers the expertise and technical support needed tostreamline and optimize the operation of process plant equipment,from its initial selection to operations to troubleshooting.

Troubleshooting Process Operations

Troubleshooting Process Operations
A Book

by Norman P. Lieberman

  • Publisher : PennWell Books
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 550
  • ISBN : 9780878143481
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The author, a highly respected consultant to major U.S. refineries, shares information on topics such as common coke quality questions, catalyst-feed mixing, light hydrocarbon distillation, steam to heater passes, haze in jet fuel, optimizing excess air, convection and radiation, reboiler-induced foaming, flooding and computer control consoles. Of special interest in the new section on gas drying and compression. A troubleshooting checklist accompanies each chapter. The author expertly combines field observations with engineering principles to unravel and solve specific process operation problems using an easy-to-understand style devoid of textbook terminology and excessive mathematics. Contents: Specific processes Process equipment Practical problems Gas drying and compression The process engineer's job Appendix.

Chemical Process Equipment - Selection and Design (Revised 2nd Edition)

Chemical Process Equipment - Selection and Design (Revised 2nd Edition)
A Book

by James R. Couper,W. Roy Penney,James R. Fair, PhD

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2009-08-11
  • Pages : 832
  • ISBN : 9780080919720
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A facility is only as efficient and profitable as the equipment that is in it: this highly influential book is a powerful resource for chemical, process, or plant engineers who need to select, design or configures plant sucessfully and profitably. It includes updated information on design methods for all standard equipment, with an emphasis on real-world process design and performance. The comprehensive and influential guide to the selection and design of a wide range of chemical process equipment, used by engineers globally • Copious examples of successful applications, with supporting schematics and data to illustrate the functioning and performance of equipment Revised edition, new material includes updated equipment cost data, liquid-solid and solid systems, and the latest information on membrane separation technology Provides equipment rating forms and manufacturers’ data, worked examples, valuable shortcut methods, rules of thumb, and equipment rating forms to demonstrate and support the design process Heavily illustrated with many line drawings and schematics to aid understanding, graphs and tables to illustrate performance data

Chemical Engineering for Non-Chemical Engineers

Chemical Engineering for Non-Chemical Engineers
A Book

by Jack Hipple

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-01-05
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 1119309654
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Outlines the concepts of chemical engineering so that non-chemical engineers can interface with and understand basic chemical engineering concepts Overviews the difference between laboratory and industrial scale practice of chemistry, consequences of mistakes, and approaches needed to scale a lab reaction process to an operating scale Covers basics of chemical reaction eningeering, mass, energy, and fluid energy balances, how economics are scaled, and the nature of various types of flow sheets and how they are developed vs. time of a project Details the basics of fluid flow and transport, how fluid flow is characterized and explains the difference between positive displacement and centrifugal pumps along with their limitations and safety aspects of these differences Reviews the importance and approaches to controlling chemical processes and the safety aspects of controlling chemical processes, Reviews the important chemical engineering design aspects of unit operations including distillation, absorption and stripping, adsorption, evaporation and crystallization, drying and solids handling, polymer manufacture, and the basics of tank and agitation system design

Problem Solving for Process Operators and Specialists

Problem Solving for Process Operators and Specialists
A Book

by Joseph M. Bonem

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-04-18
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 047093462X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides methods to train process operators to solve challenging problems. The book is split into two parts. The first part consists of two parts; first developing a daily monitoring system and second providing a structured 5 step problem solving approach that combines cause and effect problem solving thinking with the formulation of theoretically correct hypotheses. The 5 step approach emphasizes the classical problem solving approach (defining the sequence of events) with the addition of the steps of formulating a theoretically correct working hypothesis, providing a means to test the hypothesis, and providing a foolproof means to eliminate the problem. The initial part of the book focuses on defining the problem that must be solved and obtaining the location, time and quantity based specifications of the problem. This part of the book also presents techniques to find and define problems at an early point before they progress to the critical level. The second part of the book deals with the utilization of fundamental chemical engineering skills to develop a technically correct working hypothesis that is the key to successful problem solving. The primary emphasis is on simple pragmatic calculation techniques that are theoretically correct. It is believed that any operator can perform these calculations if he is provided the correct prototype. Throughout the book, the theory behind each pragmatic calculation technique is explained in understandable terms prior to presenting the author's approach. These techniques have been developed by the author in 50+ years of industrial experience. The book includes many sample problems and examples of real world problem solving. Using these techniques, theoretically correct working hypotheses can be developed in an expedient fashion.

Ludwig's Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants

Ludwig's Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants
A Book

by A. Kayode Coker

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2011-08-30
  • Pages : 1024
  • ISBN : 9780080469706
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This complete revision of Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants, Volume 1 builds upon Ernest E. Ludwig’s classic text to further enhance its use as a chemical engineering process design manual of methods and proven fundamentals. This new edition includes important supplemental mechanical and related data, nomographs and charts. Also included within are improved techniques and fundamental methodologies, to guide the engineer in designing process equipment and applying chemical processes to properly detailed equipment. All three volumes of Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants serve the practicing engineer by providing organized design procedures, details on the equipment suitable for application selection, and charts in readily usable form. Process engineers, designers, and operators will find more chemical petrochemical plant design data in: Volume 2, Third Edition, which covers distillation and packed towers as well as material on azeotropes and ideal/non-ideal systems. Volume 3, Third Edition, which covers heat transfer, refrigeration systems, compression surge drums, and mechanical drivers. A. Kayode Coker, is Chairman of Chemical & Process Engineering Technology department at Jubail Industrial College in Saudi Arabia. He’s both a chartered scientist and a chartered chemical engineer for more than 15 years. and an author of Fortran Programs for Chemical Process Design, Analysis and Simulation, Gulf Publishing Co., and Modeling of Chemical Kinetics and Reactor Design, Butterworth-Heinemann. Provides improved design manuals for methods and proven fundamentals of process design with related data and charts Covers a complete range of basic day-to-day petrochemical operation topics with new material on significant industry changes since 1995.

Process Engineering for a Small Planet

Process Engineering for a Small Planet
How to Reuse, Re-Purpose, and Retrofit Existing Process Equipment

by Norman P. Lieberman

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-02-25
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 9781118060254
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Methods for more planet-friendly process engineering Our earth is just one big, complex Process Facility with limited air, water, and mineral resources. It responds to a number of process variables—among them, humanity and the environmental effects of our carbon consumption. What can professionals in the Hydrocarbon Process Industry do to retard environmental degradation? Rather than looking to exotic technology for solutions, Process Engineering for a Small Planet details ready-at-hand methods that the process engineer can employ to help combat the environmental crisis. Drawing from the author's professional experience working with petroleum refineries petroleum refineries, petrochemical plants, and natural gas wells, this handbook explains how to operate and retrofit process facilities to: Reuse existing process equipment Save energy Reduce greenhouse gas emissions Expand plant capacity without installing new equipment Reduce corrosion and equipment failures Covering topics from expanding fractionator and compressor capacity and vacuum tower heater expansion to minimizing process water consumption and increasing centrifugal pump capacity, Process Engineering for a Small Planet offers big ideas for saving our small planet.

Operator's Guide to Process Compressors

Operator's Guide to Process Compressors
A Book

by Robert X. Perez

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-04-08
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 1119581346
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gas compressors tend to be the largest, most costly, and most critical machines employed in chemical and gas transfer processes. Since they tend to have the greatest effect on the reliability of processes they power, compressors typically receive the most scrutiny of all the machinery among the general population of processing equipment. To prevent unwanted compressor failures from occurring, operators must be taught how their equipment should operate and how each installation is different from one another. The ultimate purpose of this book is to teach those who work in process settings more about gas compressors, so they can start up and operate them correctly and monitor their condition with more confidence. Some may regard compressor technology as too broad and complex a topic for operating personnel to fully understand, but the author has distilled this vast body of knowledge into some key, easy to understand lessons for the reader to study at his or her own pace. The main goals of this book are to: Explain important theories and concepts about gases and compression processes with a minimum of mathematics Identify key compressor components and explain how they affect reliability Explain how centrifugal compressors, reciprocating compressors, and screw compressors function. Explain key operating factors that affect reliability Introduce the reader to basic troubleshooting methodologies Introduce operators to proven field inspection techniques

Chemical Engineering Explained

Chemical Engineering Explained
Basic Concepts for Novices

by David Shallcross

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2017-12-04
  • Pages : 590
  • ISBN : 1782628614
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Written for those less comfortable with science and mathematics, this text introduces the major chemical engineering topics for non-chemical engineers. With a focus on the practical rather than the theoretical, the reader will obtain a foundation in chemical engineering that can be applied directly to the workplace. By the end of this book, the user will be aware of the major considerations required to safely and efficiently design and operate a chemical processing facility. Simplified accounts of traditional chemical engineering topics are covered in the first two-thirds of the book, and include: materials and energy balances, heat and mass transport, fluid mechanics, reaction engineering, separation processes, process control and process equipment design. The latter part details modern topics, such as biochemical engineering and sustainable development, plus practical topics of safety and process economics, providing the reader with a complete guide. Case studies are included throughout, building a real-world connection. These case studies form a common thread throughout the book, motivating the reader and offering enhanced understanding. Further reading directs those wishing for a deeper appreciation of certain topics. This book is ideal for professionals working with chemical engineers, and decision makers in chemical engineering industries. It will also be suitable for chemical engineering courses where a simplified introductory text is desired.

Analysis, Synthesis and Design of Chemical Processes

Analysis, Synthesis and Design of Chemical Processes
A Book

by Richard Turton,Richard C. Bailie,Wallace B. Whiting,Joseph A. Shaeiwitz

  • Publisher : Pearson Education
  • Release : 2008-12-24
  • Pages : 1088
  • ISBN : 0132459183
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Leading Integrated Chemical Process Design Guide: Now with New Problems, New Projects, and More More than ever, effective design is the focal point of sound chemical engineering. Analysis, Synthesis, and Design of Chemical Processes, Third Edition, presents design as a creative process that integrates both the big picture and the small details–and knows which to stress when, and why. Realistic from start to finish, this book moves readers beyond classroom exercises into open-ended, real-world process problem solving. The authors introduce integrated techniques for every facet of the discipline, from finance to operations, new plant design to existing process optimization. This fully updated Third Edition presents entirely new problems at the end of every chapter. It also adds extensive coverage of batch process design, including realistic examples of equipment sizing for batch sequencing; batch scheduling for multi-product plants; improving production via intermediate storage and parallel equipment; and new optimization techniques specifically for batch processes. Coverage includes Conceptualizing and analyzing chemical processes: flow diagrams, tracing, process conditions, and more Chemical process economics: analyzing capital and manufacturing costs, and predicting or assessing profitability Synthesizing and optimizing chemical processing: experience-based principles, BFD/PFD, simulations, and more Analyzing process performance via I/O models, performance curves, and other tools Process troubleshooting and “debottlenecking” Chemical engineering design and society: ethics, professionalism, health, safety, and new “green engineering” techniques Participating successfully in chemical engineering design teams Analysis, Synthesis, and Design of Chemical Processes, Third Edition, draws on nearly 35 years of innovative chemical engineering instruction at West Virginia University. It includes suggested curricula for both single-semester and year-long design courses; case studies and design projects with practical applications; and appendixes with current equipment cost data and preliminary design information for eleven chemical processes–including seven brand new to this edition.

Process Steam Systems

Process Steam Systems
A Practical Guide for Operators, Maintainers, and Designers

by Carey Merritt

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2015-09-11
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 1119085462
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Comprehensively describes the equipment used in process steam systems, good operational and maintenance practices, and techniques used to troubleshoot system problems Explains how an entire steam system should be properly designed, operated and maintained Includes chapters on commissioning and troubleshooting various process systems and problems Presents basic thermodynamics and heat transfer principles as they apply to good process steam system design Covers Steam System Efficiency Upgrades; useful for operations and maintenance personnel responsible for modifying their systems

Heat Exchanger Equipment Field Manual

Heat Exchanger Equipment Field Manual
Common Operating Problems and Practical Solutions

by Maurice Stewart,Oran T. Lewis

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 461
  • ISBN : 0123970164
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From upstream to downstream, Heat Exchangers are utilized in every stage of the petroleum value stream. An integral piece of equipment, heat exchangers are among the most confusing and problematic pieces of equipment in the petroleum processing operations. This is especially true for engineers just entering the field or seasoned engineers that must keep up with the latest methods for in-shop and in-service inspection, repair, alteration and re-rating of equipment. Heat Exchanger Equipment Field Manual provides engineers and operators with an easy to understand working manual to the recent developments in heat exchanger technology and in the diagnosis and correction of operating problems. The objective of this book is to provide the reader with sufficient information to make better logical choices in designing and operating the system. Heat Exchanger Equipment Field Manual provides an indispensable means for the determination of possible failures and for the recognition of the optimization potential of the respective heat exchanger. Step-by-step procedure on how to design, perform in-shop and in-field inspections and repairs, perform alterations and re-rate equipment Select the correct heat transfer equipment for a particular application Apply heat transfer principles to design, select and specify heat transfer equipment Evaluate the performance of heat transfer equipment and recommend solutions to problems Control schemes for typical heat transfer equipment application

Emulsions and Oil Treating Equipment

Emulsions and Oil Treating Equipment
Selection, Sizing and Troubleshooting

by Maurice Stewart,Ken Arnold

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2008-12-30
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 9780080559025
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The problem of removing water which is emulsified with produced oil has grown more widespread and often times more difficult as producers attempt to access more difficult reserves. This practical guide is designed to help engineers and operators develop a "feel" for selection, sizing, and troubleshooting emulsion equipment. These skills are of vital importance to ensure low operating costs and to meet crude export quality specifications. The book is written for engineers and operators, who need advanced knowledge of the numerous techniques and the equipment used to destabilize and resolve petroleum emulsions problems. In Emulsions and Oil Treating Equipment: Selection, Sizing and Troubleshooting the author provides engineers and operators with a guide to understanding emulsion theory, methods and equipment, and practical design of a treating system. Comprehensive in its scope, the author explains methods such as: demulsifiers, temperature, electrostatics and non-traditional methods of modulated or pulsed voltage control, as well as equipment such as: electrostatic treater (dehydrator), separator, gunbarr heater-treater and free water knockout. Written in a "how to" format, it brings together hundreds of methods, handy formulas, diagrams and tables in one convenient book. Detailed coverage emulsion equipment and removal methods Tips for selecting, sizing, and operating emulsion equipment Overview of emulsion theory and factors affecting treatment methods Packed with equipment diagrams, worked out calculations covers equipment and removal methods

Energy Conservation in the Process Industries

Energy Conservation in the Process Industries
A Book

by W. F. Kenney

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2012-12-02
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 0080924018
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy Conservation in the Process Industries provides insight into ways of identifying more important energy efficiency improvements. This book demonstrates how the principles can be employed to practical advantage. Organized into 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the energy situation and a background in thermodynamics. This text then describes a staged method to improved energy use to understand where the energy goes and how to calculate the value of losses. Other chapters consider improving facilities based on an understanding of the overall site energy system. This book discusses as well the fundamental process and equipment improvements. The final chapter deals with systematic and sophisticated design methods as well as provides some guidelines and checklists for energy conservation items. This book is a valuable resource for mechanical, lead process, and plant engineers involved in energy conservation. Process designers, plant managers, process researchers, and accountants will also find this book extremely useful.