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Unsaturated Polyester Resins

Unsaturated Polyester Resins
Fundamentals, Design, Fabrication, and Applications

by Sabu Thomas,Mahesh Hosur,Cintil Jose Chirayil

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-07-11
  • Pages : 656
  • ISBN : 0128163038
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Unsaturated Polyester Resins: Fundamentals, Design, Fabrication, and Applications explains the preparation, techniques and applications relating to the use of unsaturated polyester resin systems for blends, interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs), gels, composites and nanocomposites, enabling readers to understand and utilize the improved material properties that UPRs facilitate. Chapters cover unsaturated polyester resins and their interaction at the macro, micro and nano levels, in-depth studies on the properties and analysis of UPR based materials, and the applications of UPR based composites, blends, IPNs and gels across a range of advanced commercial and industrial fields. This is a highly detailed source of information on unsaturated polyester resins, supporting academics, researchers and postgraduate students working with UPRs, polyesters, polymeric or composite materials, polymer chemistry, polymer physics, and materials science, as well as scientists, R&D professionals and engineers in industry. Covers the use of unsaturated polyester resin systems for blends, IPNs, gels, composites and nanocomposites Presents cutting-edge techniques for the analysis and improvement of properties of advanced UPR-based materials Unlocks the potential of unsaturated polyester resins in high-performance materials for a range of advanced applications

Unsaturated Polyester Technology

Unsaturated Polyester Technology
A Book

by Paul F. Bruins

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1976
  • Pages : 437
  • ISBN : 9780677211602
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Unsaturated Polyester Resins

Unsaturated Polyester Resins
Polymers with Unlimited Possibilities

by Jürgen H. Aurer,Ab Kasper

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 69
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polyester and Alkyd Resins

Polyester and Alkyd Resins
A Book

by Ulrich Poth

  • Publisher : Vincentz Network GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 2020-02-06
  • Pages : 239
  • ISBN : 3866307357
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polyester and alkyd resins belong to the most diverse and important material classes of paint chemistry and their usage as binders has been established for a long time. This standard work goes into detail on the composition, structure and properties of these important binder groups and subjects previous findings in that field to a critical review. It shows different precise calculation approaches in modern coatings development, ways to formulate polyester and alkyd resins in experimental designs and how to vary them systematically. A practice- and future-oriented reference book that should not be missing in any laboratory!

Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications

Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications
A Concise Guide to Industrial Polymers

by Johannes Karl Fink

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2013-04-11
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 1455731587
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The use of reactive polymers enables manufacturers to make chemical changes at a late stage in the production process—these in turn cause changes in performance and properties. Material selection and control of the reaction are essential to acheive optimal performance. The second edition of Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications introduces engineers and scientists to the range of reactive polymers available, explains the reactions that take place, and details applications and performance benefits. Basic principles and industrial processes are described for each class of reactive resin (thermoset), as well as additives, the curing process, and applications and uses. The initial chapters are devoted to individual resin types (e.g. epoxides, cyanacrylates, etc.); followed by more general chapters on topics such as reactive extrusion and dental applications. Material new to this edition includes the most recent developments, applications and commercial products for each chemical class of thermosets, as well as sections on fabrication methods, reactive biopolymers, recycling of reactive polymers, and case studies. Injection molding of reactive polymers, radiation curing, thermosetting elastomers, and reactive extrusion equipment are all covered as well. Most comprehensive source of information about reactive polymers Covers basics as well as most recent developments, including reactive biopolymers, recycling of reactive polymers, nanocomposites, and fluorosilicones Indispensable guide for engineers and advanced students alike—providing extensive literature and patent review

Polyester

Polyester
Production, Characterization and Innovative Applications

by Nurhan Onar Camlibel

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-03-14
  • Pages : 98
  • ISBN : 9535138812
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polyester is one of the most important polymers for fibers and composites. Significant developments in nanoparticle-doped polyester composites, polyester recycling, flame-retardant unsaturated polyester resins, and application of polyester for construction and automotive industry are currently carried out. Thus, this book provides leading edge research on improvements of functional properties of polyester, modifications of unsaturated polyester resins, and polyester (especially recycled polyester) usage in construction and in automotive application areas in the form of fiber, resin, and composite. The book also covers the characterization of unique features of polyester found by mechanical, chemical, physical, microstructural, and thermal analyses. This book intends to provide an understanding of the developments of functional polyester production, synthesis, and characterization and support to many academic researchers and graduate students in textile, polymer, composite, chemical science, and research and development managers in recycling and composite applications of polyester in the construction and automotive industry.

The Complete Technology Book on Expanded Plastics, Polyurethane, Polyamide and Polyester Fibres

The Complete Technology Book on Expanded Plastics, Polyurethane, Polyamide and Polyester Fibres
A Book

by NIIR Board of Consultants and Engineers

  • Publisher : ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
  • Release : 2006-10-01
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 8178330016
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Expanded plastics are also known as foamed plastics or cellular plastics. Expanded plastics can be flexible, semi flexible, semi rigid or rigid. They can also be thermoplastic or thermosetting and can exist as open celled or closed celled materials. Expanded plastics may be prepared from most synthetic and many natural polymers. Most of the industrially important ones are made from polystyrene, polyvinyl chloride, polyurethanes and polyethylene, as well as from resins that derive from phenol, epoxy, etc. Polyurethane (PUR and PU) is polymer composed of a chain of organic units joined by carbamate (urethane) links. Polyurethane polymers are formed by combining two bi or higher functional monomers. One contains two or more isocyanate functional groups and the other contains two or more hydroxyl groups. More complicated monomers are also used.The Polyurethanes are among the most recent additions to the many commercially important classes of polymers. Urethanes can be considered esters of the unstable carbamics acid or amide esters of carbonic acid. A polyamide is a polymer containing monomers of amides joined by peptide bonds. They can occur both naturally and artificially, examples being proteins, such as wool and silk, and can be made artificially through step growth polymerization or solid phase synthesis. Polyamides are commonly used in textiles, automotives, carpet and sportswear due to their extreme durability and strength. Polyester is a category of polymers which contain the ester functional group in their main chain. Natural polyesters and a few synthetic ones are biodegradable, but most synthetic polyesters are not. Polyester fibres are produced by the melt spinning process. Raw materials are heated to a spinning mass, which is then pressed through spinnerets. Manufacturing techniques are now developed to the point where they can produce fibres adapted to suit the widest possible applications: they can have round, oval or angular profiles, making them firm to the touch. Applications of these polymers are in various fields like rubber industry, textile industry, chemical industries etc. Some of the fundamentals of the book are epoxy curing system, background, process conditions, polyether polyols with epoxy resins, highlights of the technological achievement, laminates comprising a hard foam layer and a fiber reinforced synthetic resin layer, highlights of the technological achievement, process conditions, plastic deformation, modification of amino polyols with epoxy resins, producing expanded and cured polyester resin, foamed unsaturated polyester resins with gel coat, cross linked polyester, unsaturated polyester compositions with high impact strength, foam crystallization of condensation polymers, acrylate rubber modification of aromatic polyesters etc. The present book covers processes of expanded plastics, polyurethane, polyamides with other related information required by an entrepreneur. This book is very useful for technocrats, researchers, entrepreneurs and professionals.

Handbook of Composites

Handbook of Composites
A Book

by S.T. Peters

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-11-27
  • Pages : 1118
  • ISBN : 1461563895
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Today, fiber reinforced composites are in use • properties of different component (fiber, in a variety of structures, ranging from space matrix, filler) materials; craft and aircraft to buildings and bridges. • manufacturing techniques; This wide use of composites has been facili • analysis and design; tated by the introduction of new materials, • testing; improvements in manufacturing processes • mechanically fastened and bonded joints; and developments of new analytical and test • repair; ing methods. Unfortunately, information on • damage tolerance; these topics is scattered in journal articles, in • environmental effects; conference and symposium proceedings, in and disposal; • health, safety, reuse, workshop notes, and in government and com • applications in: pany reports. This proliferation of the source - aircraft and spacecraft; material, coupled with the fact that some of - land transportation; the relevant publications are hard to find or - marine environments; are restricted, makes it difficult to identify and - biotechnology; obtain the up-to-date knowledge needed to - construction and infrastructure; utilize composites to their full advantage. - sporting goods. This book intends to overcome these diffi Each chapter, written by a recognized expert, culties by presenting, in a single volume, is self-contained, and contains many of the many of the recent advances in the field of 'state-of-the-art' techniques reqUired for prac composite materials. The main focus of this tical applications of composites.

FRP Technology

FRP Technology
Fibre Reinforced Resin Systems

by R. Weatherhead

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN : 9400987218
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Synthetic resins have become increasingly important over the years, finding wide application in a variety of fields. Not least have been the tremendous strides made in the use of fibre reinforced resin systems. Although by far the bulk of all fibre reinforced products are made from unsaturated polyester r~sins reinforced with glass fibres, other resins and other fibres are playing an increasingly important role. It is with this in mind that the present book has been written. An attempt has been made to combine within one book information on the various resin systems and reinforcing fibres in use today, together with some properties and processing details. Since most of the resins available are formulated products rather than pure chemical compounds, some information has been included on commercially available materials. For convenience, where commercial data have been included, these have been located at the end of the appropriate chapter or, where only limited data are presented, at the end of the appropriate section. Such data have been included for the benefit of designers and fabricators, to indicate the wide choice of materials available and to enable them to select materials without having to approach a vast number of suppliers and then to sift through an even greater number of data sheets.

Plastics. Unsaturated-polyester Resins. Determination of Reactivity at 130°C.

Plastics. Unsaturated-polyester Resins. Determination of Reactivity at 130°C.
A Book

by British Standards Institution

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 12
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plastics. Unsaturated Polyester Resins. Determination of Hydroxyl Value

Plastics. Unsaturated Polyester Resins. Determination of Hydroxyl Value
A Book

by British Standards Institute Staff

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997-08-15
  • Pages : 14
  • ISBN : 9780580280368
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plastics and rubber technology, Plastics, Polyesters, Unsaturated hydrocarbons, Polymers, Hydroxyl value, Chemical indices, Chemical analysis and testing, Hydrolysis, Volumetric analysis, Test equipment

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics
6. Unsaturated Polyesters and Vinyl Esters

by Andreas Kandelbauer,Gianluca Tondi,Sidney H. Goodman

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-11-28
  • Pages : 800
  • ISBN : 0128090650
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Unsaturated polyester resins (UPR) and vinyl ester resins (VER) are among the most commercially important thermosetting matrix materials for composites. Although comparatively low cost, their technological performance is suitable for a wide range of applications, such as fiber-reinforced plastics, artificial marble or onyx, polymer concrete, or gel coats. The main areas of UPR consumption include the wind energy, marine, pipe and tank, transportation, and construction industries. This chapter discusses basic UPR and VER chemistry and technology of manufacturing, and consequent applications. Some important properties and performance characteristics are discussed, such as shrinkage behavior, flame retardance, and property modification by nanoparticles. Also briefly introduced and described are the practical aspects of UPR and VER processing, with special emphasis on the most widely used technological approaches, such as hand and spray layup, resin infusion, resin transfer molding, sheet and bulk molding, pultrusion, winding, and centrifugal casting.

Properties of Unsaturated Polyester Resins for Low Pressure Laminating of Glass Fibre Reinforced Composites. Specification

Properties of Unsaturated Polyester Resins for Low Pressure Laminating of Glass Fibre Reinforced Composites. Specification
A Book

by British Standards Institute Staff

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005-06-08
  • Pages : 12
  • ISBN : 9780580459016
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reinforced materials, Plastics, Construction systems parts, Properties, Unsaturated polyesters, Pressure-sensitive materials, Glass fibres, Strength of materials, Composite materials, Aircraft components, Air transport engineering

Plastics. Unsaturated Polyester Resins. Determination of Partial Acid Value and Total Acid Value

Plastics. Unsaturated Polyester Resins. Determination of Partial Acid Value and Total Acid Value
A Book

by British Standards Institution

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 14
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Management of Hazardous Wastes

Management of Hazardous Wastes
A Book

by Hosam El-Din M. Saleh,Rehab Abdel Rahman

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2016-10-19
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN : 9535126164
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Rapid trend of industry and high technological progress are the main sources of the accumulation of hazardous wastes. Recently, nuclear applications have been rapidly developed, and several nuclear power plants have been started to work throughout the world. The potential impact of released hazardous contaminants into the environment has received growing attention due to its serious problems to the biological systems. The book Management of Hazardous Wastes contains eight chapters covering two main topics of hazardous waste management and microbial bioremediation. This book will be useful to many scientists, researchers, and students in the scope of development in waste management program including sources of hazardous waste, government policies on waste generation, and treatment with particular emphasis on bioremediation technology.

A Continuous Production Process for Unsaturated Polyester Resins

A Continuous Production Process for Unsaturated Polyester Resins
A Book

by A. F. M. van Zantvoort

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 68
  • ISBN : 9789052828961
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Flame-Retardant Unsaturated Polyester Resins: An Overview of Past and Recent Developments

Flame-Retardant Unsaturated Polyester Resins: An Overview of Past and Recent Developments
A Book

by Ewa Kicko-Walczak

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The chapter presents a positive effect of reduced flammability of thermoset resins, thanks to the use of halogen-free flame retardants (FRs) and multi-ingredient modifiers that combine conventional phosphorous/nitrogen additives interacting with nanofillers. The impact of these inhibitors on the level of flammability of polyester polymer compositions was defined by determining the value of limiting oxygen index (LOI), thermogravimetric analysis and cone calorimeter (CC) analysis of thermal destruction processes. Morphology of composites was assessed by scanning electron microscope and analysis of actual SEM micrographic images. The analysis of thermal decomposition of the materials under examination confirmed flammability-reducing properties of the hybrid flame retardants used, and a synergy effect was observed between conventional modifiers and nanofillers, specifically expandable graphite and synthetic precipitated silica. The multi-ingredient composition of flame retardants turned out to make significant progress in achieving the desired level of flammability in polyester resins. Nanocomposites are a new class of polymer systems.

Thermoset Resins for Composites

Thermoset Resins for Composites
Directory and Databook

by Trevor Starr,Mary Starr,Technolex

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 1998-04-15
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 9781855734067
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This second edition has been compiled to take account the continued expansion of the composites industry. Additional entriesout of part two allows more property tabulation and more descriptive entries for resins.

Data Book of Thermoset Resins for Composites

Data Book of Thermoset Resins for Composites
Edition 1

by T.F. Starr

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-10-22
  • Pages : 149
  • ISBN : 1483292835
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Please note this is a Short Discount publication. Thermoset resins continue to remain the principal matrix of reinforced plastic composite components. Now you can refer to information on thermoset resins available around the world – in a single Data Book. The Data Book comes with a clear, standardised layout to compare between competitive resins. Each resin is listed alphabetically, first by country of manufacture, then by manufacturer. The use and application of each resin is clearly outlined. Contact details are readily and immediately available, making it easy to follow up information. Trade names, sales offices, local agents and main distributors are also provided. The Data Book also provides an understanding of the respective chemistry, properties, structure, curing mechanism and manufacture of each resin, under its appropriate classification – with sub–divisions by chemical type –acrylic, bismaleimides, bisphenols, epoxides, furans, phenolics, polyimides, polyesters or vinyl ester. With its carefully compiled address, telephone and facsimile number directory, the Data Book is an up–to–date source of readily available and complete information. Data Book of Thermoset Resins for Composites is required reading for all those concerned in any way with the manufacture, marketing, use and specification of thermoset resin based composites.

Modern Polyesters

Modern Polyesters
Chemistry and Technology of Polyesters and Copolyesters

by John Scheirs,Timothy E. Long

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2005-09-01
  • Pages : 784
  • ISBN : 0470090677
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Provides an overview of the family of polyester polymers which comprise an important group of plastics that span the range of commodity polymers to engineering resins. It describes the preparation, properties and applications of polyesters. Readers will also find details on polyester-based elastomers, biodegradable aliphatic polyester, liquid crystal polyesters and unsaturated polyesters for glass-reinforced composites. Presents an overview of the most recent developments. Explores synthesis, catalysts, processes, properties and applications. Looks at emerging polyester materials as well as existing ones. Written by foremost experts from both academia and industry, ensuring that both fundamentals and practical applications are covered.