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Urban Form and Accessibility

Urban Form and Accessibility
Social, Economic, and Environment Impacts

by Corinne Mulley,John D. Nelson

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-12-02
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 0128198230
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The growth of global urbanization places great strains on energy, transportation, housing and public spaces needs. As such, transport and land use are inextricably linked. Urban Form and Accessibility: Social, Economic, and Environment Impacts consolidates key insights from multidisciplinary perspectives on the relationship between urban form and transportation planning. Synthesizing the latest cutting-edge research, the book translates academic evidence into practice. Starting with an overview of the key concepts relevant to each discipline, the book covers critical elements such as governance, travel behavior, and technological disruption, showing how to move towards a more sustainable society for all city inhabitants. Draws on evidence-based success stories from countries around the globe Gathers global leading thinkers to provide the state-of-the-art on the topic Examines social, economic, and environmental impacts within each chapter Each chapter’s content will have the same structure for easier discoverability

Spatial Planning, Urban Form and Sustainable Transport

Spatial Planning, Urban Form and Sustainable Transport
A Book

by Katie Williams

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-03-02
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 1351898728
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The ways in which we travel have a huge impact on sustainability. This book addresses the relationship between travel patterns and the physical form of cities, and considers the role of spatial planning in that relationship. Three sections present empirical research and commentaries from leading academics and practitioners from Europe, the USA, Australia and Japan. The first section considers the impact of urban form in combination with factors such as lifestyles and socio-demographic change on sustainable transport. The second addresses the impact of different elements of urban form, such as density, configuration and mix of uses, on mobility. The final section focuses on issues surrounding the implementation of spatial planning policies to support sustainable travel. The book will be of interest to practitioners, academics and students in the fields of planning, transport and geography.

Transforming Cities with Transit

Transforming Cities with Transit
Transit and Land-Use Integration for Sustainable Urban Development

by Hiroaki Suzuki,Robert Cervero,Kanako Iuchi

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 2013-01-22
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 0821397508
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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'Transforming Cities with Transit' explores the complex process of transit and land-use integration and provides policy recommendations and implementation strategies for effective integration in rapidly growing cities in developing countries.

Achieving Sustainable Urban Form

Achieving Sustainable Urban Form
A Book

by Elizabeth Burton,Mike Jenks,Katie Williams

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-07-04
  • Pages : 402
  • ISBN : 113680479X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Achieving Sustainable Urban Form represents a major advance in the sustainable development debate. It presents research which defines elements of sustainable urban form - density, size, configuration, detailed design and quality - from macro to micro scale. Case studies from Europe, the USA and Australia are used to illustrate good practice within the fields of planning, urban design and architecture.

The Geography of Transport Systems

The Geography of Transport Systems
A Book

by Jean-Paul Rodrigue,Claude Comtois,Brian Slack

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-07-18
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 1136777326
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mobility is fundamental to economic and social activities such as commuting, manufacturing, or supplying energy. Each movement has an origin, a potential set of intermediate locations, a destination, and a nature which is linked with geographical attributes. Transport systems composed of infrastructures, modes and terminals are so embedded in the socio-economic life of individuals, institutions and corporations that they are often invisible to the consumer. This is paradoxical as the perceived invisibility of transportation is derived from its efficiency. Understanding how mobility is linked with geography is main the purpose of this book. The third edition of The Geography of Transport Systems has been revised and updated to provide an overview of the spatial aspects of transportation. This text provides greater discussion of security, energy, green logistics, as well as new and updated case studies, a revised content structure, and new figures. Each chapter covers a specific conceptual dimension including networks, modes, terminals, freight transportation, urban transportation and environmental impacts. A final chapter contains core methodologies linked with transport geography such as accessibility, spatial interactions, graph theory and Geographic Information Systems for transportation (GIS-T). This book provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the field, with a broad overview of its concepts, methods, and areas of application. The accompanying website for this text contains a useful additional material, including digital maps, PowerPoint slides, databases, and links to further reading and websites. The website can be accessed at: http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans This text is an essential resource for undergraduates studying transport geography, as well as those interest in economic and urban geography, transport planning and engineering.

Transportation, Land Use, and Environmental Planning

Transportation, Land Use, and Environmental Planning
A Book

by Elizabeth Deakin

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019-10
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 0128151676
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Transportation, Land Use, and Environmental Planning examines the practices and policies linking transportation, land use and environmental planning needed to achieve a healthy environment, thriving economy, and more equitable and inclusive society. It assesses best practices for improving the performance of city and regional transportation systems, looking at such issues as public transit and non-motorized travel investments, mixed use and higher density urban development, radically transformed vehicles, and transportation systems. The book lays out the growing need for greater integration of transportation, land use, and environmental planning, looking closely at changing demographic needs, public health concerns, housing affordability, equity, and livability. In addition, strategies for achieving these desired outcomes are presented, including urban design and land use planning, regional and corridor-level transit plans, bike and pedestrian improvements, demand management strategies, and emerging technologies and services. The final part of the book examines implementation challenges, considering lessons from the US and around the globe at both local and regional levels. Introduces never-before-published research Offers best practices for transit, cycling, urban design and housing provision Assesses emerging developments, such as smart cities, new vehicle technologies, automated highways and transportation sharing Examines the institutional and political dimensions of sustainability planning at the urban and regional levels Utilizes case studies from around the world that show alternative ways forward

Travel by Design

Travel by Design
The Influence of Urban Form on Travel

by Marlon G. Boarnet,Randall Crane

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2001-03-08
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 9780195352467
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Can transportation problems be fixed by the right neighborhood design? The tremendous popularity of the "new urbanism" and "livable communities" initiatives suggests that many persons think so. As a systematic assessment of attempts to solve transportation problems through urban design, this book asks and answers three questions: Can such efforts work? Will they be put into practice? Are they a good idea?

Urban Form and Transport Accessibility

Urban Form and Transport Accessibility
A Book

by Corinne Mulley

  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Pub
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 649
  • ISBN : 9780857937490
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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'This collection of seminal papers reflects on the long history of research on urban form and transport accessibility, and it includes contributions from many of the most influential thinkers in urban and regional science. Now they have all been assembled in a single volume that is accessible to all researchers - it provides an invaluable resource.' - David Bannister, University of Oxford, UK

Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development

Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development
Approaches for Achieving Sustainable Urban Form in Asian Cities

by Mitsuhiko Kawakami,Zhen-jiang Shen,Jen-te Pai,Xiao-lu Gao,Ming Zhang

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-02-28
  • Pages : 459
  • ISBN : 9400759223
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book attempts to provide insights into the achievement of a sustainable urban form, through spatial planning and implementation; here, we focus on planning experiences at the levels of local cities and some metropolitan areas in Asian countries. This book investigates the impact of planning policy on spatial planning implementation, from multidisciplinary viewpoints encompassing land-use patterns, housing development, transportation, green design, and agricultural and ecological systems in the urbanization process. We seek to learn from researchers in an integrated multidisciplinary platform that reflects a variety of perspectives, such as economic development, social equality, and ecological protection, with a view to achieving a sustainable urban form.​

Handbook on Transport and Urban Planning in the Developed World

Handbook on Transport and Urban Planning in the Developed World
A Book

by Michiel C.J. Bliemer,Corinne Mulley,Claudine J. Moutou

  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release : 2016-02-26
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 1783471395
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Handbook provides comprehensive coverage of all of the major factors that underpin our understanding of urban and transport planning in the developed world. Combining urban and transport planning in one volume, the chapters present the state of the art as well as new research and directions for the future. The contributions from leading international academics at the forefront of their fields consider transport and urban planning from a number of different perspectives including historical, policy and strategy dimensions, appraisal and financing of options, planning and design of urban areas and the management of transport and urban systems. Examples and practical guides from the developed world are included along with a detailed discussion of the emerging issues. The Handbook provides an essential reference to all of the key points on the topic as well as signalling areas of concern and future research paths. Academics, researchers, students, policymakers and practitioners will find it a constant source of information and guidance.

The Geography of Urban Transportation

The Geography of Urban Transportation
A Book

by Susan Hanson,Genevieve Giuliano

  • Publisher : Guilford Press
  • Release : 2004-08-06
  • Pages : 419
  • ISBN : 9781593850555
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this classic text and professional resource, leading geographers and urban planners present the foundational concepts and methodological tools that readers need to understand and engage with today's pressing policy issues. Covered are such key topics as passenger and freight dynamics in the American metropolis; the urban transportation planning process, including the use of GIS; and questions related to public transit, land use, energy, equity, environmental impacts, and more. The book features more than 100 maps, charts, and photographs.

From Mobility to Accessibility

From Mobility to Accessibility
Transforming Urban Transportation and Land-Use Planning

by Jonathan Levine,Joe Grengs,Louis A. Merlin

  • Publisher : Cornell University Press
  • Release : 2019-11-15
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 1501716107
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In From Mobility to Accessibility, an expert team of researchers flips the tables on the standard models for evaluating regional transportation performance. Jonathan Levine, Joe Grengs, and Louis A. Merlin argue for an "accessibility shift" whereby transportation planning, and the transportation dimensions of land-use planning, would be based on people's ability to reach destinations, rather than on their ability to travel fast. Existing models for planning and evaluating transportation, which have taken vehicle speeds as the most important measure, would make sense if movement were the purpose of transportation. But it is the ability to reach destinations, not movement per se, that people seek from their transportation systems. While the concept of accessibility has been around for the better part of a century, From Mobility to Accessibility shows that the accessibility shift is compelled by the fundamental purpose of transportation. The book argues that the shift would be transformative to the practice of both transportation and land-use planning but is impeded by many conceptual obstacles regarding the nature of accessibility and its potential for guiding development of the built environment. By redefining success in transportation, the book provides city planners, decisionmakers, and scholars a path to reforming the practice of transportation and land-use planning in modern cities and metropolitan areas.

Land Use Management and Transportation Planning

Land Use Management and Transportation Planning

by C.B. Schoeman

  • Publisher : WIT Press
  • Release : 2015-05-07
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 1784660779
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The interface between land use management and transportation planning represents probably the most important spatial impact in sustainable land use, mobility and transportation development. Prior to this book, only limited attempts have been made to integrate these topics as to enhance smart growth and sustainable development principles within spatial systems. The approach followed differs internationally and specifically between different planning and transportation authorities. The spatial impacts of land use and transportation serve as the main catalyst in urban form, development and its associated problems. These impacts represent severe consequences from a built and environmental development perspective. All of these are covered in the book and its supporting chapters. The focus of the book is the application of best practice principles in managing the interface between land use management and transportation planning. Internationally the practice is the promotion of more sustainable urban and rural forms supported by improved levels of accessibility through the application of smart growth and sustainability principles. The focus however remains to successfully optimise land use and transportation integration. The structuring used within each of the chapters provide the reader with the basic and applicable theory and practical knowledge to attain system wide integration and sustainability within the dynamics of spatial and transportation systems. The inclusion of specific theme related case studies endorses the relevancy of this book’s topic.

Sustainable Approaches to Urban Transport

Sustainable Approaches to Urban Transport
A Book

by Dinesh Mohan,Geetam Tiwari

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-07-02
  • Pages : 299
  • ISBN : 1351004859
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As cities become increasingly congested, current transport patterns are unsustainable: heavy in energy use, high in economic and environmental cost, and exacerbating inequity between those who can access high-speed travel and those who cannot. Good urban planning develops human-scale cities and encourages modes such as bicycles, increased zones exclusive to pedestrians within cities, and changed fiscal policies to incentivize public over private transport. Equally, it requires good engineering design to manage road use. Sustainable Approaches to Urban Transport brings together contributions from leading international experts in urban planning, transport, and governance who suggest changes to make our cities more sustainable in the face of climate change. All professionals working in transport and engineering and planning students will find an overview of a broad field in this interdisciplinary collection of essays.

City Rules

City Rules
How Regulations Affect Urban Form

by Emily Talen

  • Publisher : Island Press
  • Release : 2012-06-22
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 1610911768
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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City Rules offers a challenge to students and professionals in urban planning, design, and policy to change the rules of city-building, using regulations to reinvigorate, rather than stifle, our communities. Emily Talen demonstrates that regulations are a primary detriment to the creation of a desirable urban form. While many contemporary codes encourage sprawl and even urban blight, that hasn't always been the case-and it shouldn't be in the future. Talen provides a visually rich history, showing how certain eras used rules to produce beautiful, walkable, and sustainable communities, while others created just the opposite. She makes complex regulations understandable, demystifying city rules like zoning and illustrating how written codes translate into real-world consequences. Most importantly, Talen proposes changes to these rules that will actually enhance communities' freedom to develop unique spaces.

Human Factors in Land Use Planning and Urban Design

Human Factors in Land Use Planning and Urban Design
Methods, Practical Guidance, and Applications

by Nicholas J. Stevens,Paul M. Salmon,Guy H. Walker,Neville A. Stanton

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-01-17
  • Pages : 375
  • ISBN : 1317120248
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The integration of Human Factors in Land Use Planning and Urban Design (LUP & UD) is an exciting and emerging interdisciplinary field. This book offers practical guidance on a range of Human Factors methods that can be used to rigorously and reliably explore LUP & UD. It provides new ways to interpret urban space and detail context sensitive analysis for the interpretation and design of our surroundings. The methodologies outlined allow for the consideration of the technical aspects of the built environment with the necessary experience and human centered approaches to our urban and regional settings. This book describes 30 Human Factors methods for use in the LUP & UD context. While it explores theory, it also focuses on the question of what Human Factors methods are; their advantages and disadvantages; step-by-step guidance on how to carry them out; and case studies to guide the reader. Describes the practice and processes associated with urban and regional strategic planning Constructed so that students, practitioners, and researchers with an interest in one particular area of Human Factors can read the chapters independently from one another

Urban Structure Matters

Urban Structure Matters
Residential Location, Car Dependence and Travel Behaviour

by Petter Naess

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2006-09-27
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 1134185812
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Going beyond previous investigations into urban land use and travel, Petter Næss presents new research from Denmark on residential location and travel to show how and why urban spatial structures affect people's travel behaviour. In a comprehensive case study of the Copenhagen metropolitan area, Næss combines traditional quantitative travel surveys with qualitative interviews in order to identify the more detailed mechanisms through which urban structure affects travel behaviour. The case study findings are compared with those from other Nordic countries and analyzed and evaluated in the light of relevant theory and literature to provide solid, valuable conclusions for planning sustainable urban development. With a broader range of statistics than previous studies and conclusions of international relevance, Urban Structure Matters provides well-grounded conclusions for how spatial planning of urban areas can be used to reduce car dependence and achieve a more sustainable development of cities.

Rethinking Urban Sprawl

Rethinking Urban Sprawl
Moving Towards Sustainable Cities

by Collectif

  • Publisher : OECD
  • Release : 2018-06-19
  • Pages : 180
  • ISBN : 9264297952
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report provides a new perspective to the nature of urban sprawl and its causes and environmental, social and economic consequences. This perspective, which is based on the multi-dimensionality of urban sprawl, sets the foundations for the construction of new indicators to measure the various facets of urban sprawl. The report uses new datasets to compute these indicators for more than 1100 urban areas in 29 OECD countries over the period 1990-2014. It then relies on cross-city, country-level and cross-country analyses of these indicators to provide insights into the current situation and evolution of urban sprawl in OECD cities. In addition, the report offers a critical assessment of the causes and consequences of urban sprawl and discusses policy options to steer urban development to more environmentally sustainable forms.

The City as a Terminal

The City as a Terminal
The Urban Context of Logistics and Freight Transport

by Markus Hesse

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-03-16
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 1317038118
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The on-time delivery of goods is regarded as a primary factor of the urban economy and is being monitored by businesses and government alike. However, much analysis of freight transportation and the flow of goods into, out of and within urban areas focuses on functional, business-related approaches. This book examines the interrelationship between logistics development on one hand and urban development and geographical issues, such as land use and location, on the other. Avoiding certain one-dimensional views on 'logistics impacts on the city', it discloses the complex interaction of the logistics system with the entire urban environment. It also bridges the gap between recent geographical research into new production systems and (post)modern consumption patterns. Illustrated with case studies from the United States, Germany, France, The Netherlands and the United Kingdom, it examines issues such as: the historical nexus between urban areas and logistics; current urban developments with regards to goods distribution; city-region related characteristics of freight flows; locational dynamics; and specific freight related urban problems and conflicts.

Urban Systems Design

Urban Systems Design
Creating Sustainable Smart Cities in the Internet of Things Era

by Yoshiki Yamagata,Perry P. J. Yang

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-02-11
  • Pages : 460
  • ISBN : 0128162937
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Urban Systems Design: Creating Sustainable Smart Cities in the Internet of Things Era shows how to design, model and monitor smart communities using a distinctive IoT-based urban systems approach. Focusing on the essential dimensions that constitute smart communities energy, transport, urban form, and human comfort, this helpful guide explores how IoT-based sharing platforms can achieve greater community health and well-being based on relationship building, trust, and resilience. Uncovering the achievements of the most recent research on the potential of IoT and big data, this book shows how to identify, structure, measure and monitor multi-dimensional urban sustainability standards and progress. This thorough book demonstrates how to select a project, which technologies are most cost-effective, and their cost-benefit considerations. The book also illustrates the financial, institutional, policy and technological needs for the successful transition to smart cities, and concludes by discussing both the conventional and innovative regulatory instruments needed for a fast and smooth transition to smart, sustainable communities. Provides operational case studies and best practices from cities throughout Europe, North America, Latin America, Asia, Australia, and Africa, providing instructive examples of the social, environmental, and economic aspects of “smartification Reviews assessment and urban sustainability certification systems such as LEED, BREEAM, and CASBEE, examining how each addresses smart technologies criteria Examines existing technologies for efficient energy management, including HEMS, BEMS, energy harvesting, electric vehicles, smart grids, and more