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UV-visible Spectrophotometry of Water and Wastewater

UV-visible Spectrophotometry of Water and Wastewater
A Book

by Olivier Thomas,Christopher Burgess

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2007-04-13
  • Pages : 372
  • ISBN : 9780080489841
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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UV-Visible Spectrophotometry of Water and Wastewater is the first book dedicated to the use of UV spectrophotometry for water and wastewater quality monitoring. Using practical examples the reader is shown how this technique can be a source of new methods of characterization and measurement. Easy and fast to run, this simple and robust analytical technique must be considered as one of the best ways to obtain a quantitative estimation of specific or aggregate parameters (eg. Nitrate, TOC), and simultaneously qualitative information on the global composition of water and its variation. * First electronic library of UV-spectra providing data readily available for researchers and users * Provides a theoretical basis for further research in the field of spectra exploitation * Contains helpful practical applications

Emerging Pollutants

Emerging Pollutants
Some Strategies for the Quality Preservation of Our Environment

by Sonia Soloneski,Marcelo Larramendy

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-07-04
  • Pages : 108
  • ISBN : 1789233844
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This edited book, Emerging Pollutants - Some Strategies for the Quality Preservation of Our Environment, contains a series of chapters providing some strategies for the preservation of our environmental quality focusing on the different categories of environmental pollutants and their negative consequences on living organisms.

Ultraviolet-Visible Spectrophotometry in Pharmaceutical Analysis

Ultraviolet-Visible Spectrophotometry in Pharmaceutical Analysis
A Book

by S. Gorog

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-01-10
  • Pages : 405
  • ISBN : 1351094327
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides an overview of the state of the art in pharmaceutical applications of UV-VIS spectroscopy. This book presents the fundamentals for the beginner and, for the expert, discusses both qualitative and quantitative analysis problems. Several chapters focus on the determination of drugs in various matrices, the coupling of chromatographic and spectrophotometric methods, and the problems associated with the use of chemical reactions prior to spectrophotometric measurements. The final chapter provides a survey of the spectrophotometric determination of the main families of drugs, emphasizing the achievements of the last decade.

Valid Analytical Methods and Procedures

Valid Analytical Methods and Procedures
A Book

by Christopher Burgess

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 87
  • ISBN : 9780854044825
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This handbook defines procedures that ensure the best use of resources and enables laboratories to generate consistent, reliable data. Written in a concise, easy-to-read language and illustrated with worked examples, this is a guide to the best practices and methods. A control framework for the development and validation of laboratory-based analytical methods is established. Particular attention is given to the sample, methods chosen, instrumentation, personnel, and calculations used.

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment
Fundamentals and Applications

by Mihaela I. Stefan

  • Publisher : IWA Publishing
  • Release : 2017-09-15
  • Pages : 710
  • ISBN : 1780407181
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) rely on the efficient generation of reactive radical species and are increasingly attractive options for water remediation from a wide variety of organic micropollutants of human health and/or environmental concern. Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment covers the key advanced oxidation processes developed for chemical contaminant destruction in polluted water sources, some of which have been implemented successfully at water treatment plants around the world. The book is structured in two sections; the first part is dedicated to the most relevant AOPs, whereas the topics covered in the second section include the photochemistry of chemical contaminants in the aquatic environment, advanced water treatment for water reuse, implementation of advanced treatment processes for drinking water production at a state-of-the art water treatment plant in Europe, advanced treatment of municipal and industrial wastewater, and green technologies for water remediation. The advanced oxidation processes discussed in the book cover the following aspects: - Process principles including the most recent scientific findings and interpretation. - Classes of compounds suitable to AOP treatment and examples of reaction mechanisms. - Chemical and photochemical degradation kinetics and modelling. - Water quality impact on process performance and practical considerations on process parameter selection criteria. - Process limitations and byproduct formation and strategies to mitigate any potential adverse effects on the treated water quality. - AOP equipment design and economics considerations. - Research studies and outcomes. - Case studies relevant to process implementation to water treatment. - Commercial applications. - Future research needs. Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment presents the most recent scientific and technological achievements in process understanding and implementation, and addresses to anyone interested in water remediation, including water industry professionals, consulting engineers, regulators, academics, students. Editor: Mihaela I. Stefan - Trojan Technologies - Canada

Drinking Water and Health,

Drinking Water and Health,
A Book

by Board on Toxicology and Environmental Health Hazards,Assembly of Life Sciences,Safe Drinking Water Committee

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 1980-02-01
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 0309029317
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Water Quality Assessments

Water Quality Assessments
A guide to the use of biota, sediments and water in environmental monitoring, Second Edition

by Deborah V Chapman

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1996-08-22
  • Pages : 648
  • ISBN : 0419215905
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This guidebook, now thoroughly updated and revised in its second edition, gives comprehensive advice on the designing and setting up of monitoring programmes for the purpose of providing valid data for water quality assessments in all types of freshwater bodies. It is clearly and concisely written in order to provide the essential information for all agencies and individuals responsible for the water quality.

Fundamentals of Environmental Sampling and Analysis

Fundamentals of Environmental Sampling and Analysis
A Book

by Chunlong Zhang

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2007-02-26
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 0470120673
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An integrated approach to understanding the principles of sampling, chemical analysis, and instrumentation This unique reference focuses on the overall framework and why various methodologies are used in environmental sampling and analysis. An understanding of the underlying theories and principles empowers environmental professionals to select and adapt the proper sampling and analytical protocols for specific contaminants as well as for specific project applications. Covering both field sampling and laboratory analysis, Fundamentals of Environmental Sampling and Analysis includes: A review of the basic analytical and organic chemistry, statistics, hydrogeology, and environmental regulations relevant to sampling and analysis An overview of the fundamentals of environmental sampling design, sampling techniques, and quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) essential to acquire quality environmental data A detailed discussion of: the theories of absorption spectroscopy for qualitative and quantitative environmental analysis; metal analysis using various atomic absorption and emission spectrometric methods; and the instrumental principles of common chromatographic and electrochemical methods An introduction to advanced analytical techniques, including various hyphenated mass spectrometries and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy With real-life case studies that illustrate the principles plus problems and questions at the end of each chapter to solidify understanding, this is a practical, hands-on reference for practitioners and a great textbook for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students in environmental science and engineering.

Wastewater and Water Quality

Wastewater and Water Quality
A Book

by Taner Yonar

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-08-29
  • Pages : 228
  • ISBN : 1789236207
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Water is accepted as the most important source of life. It is assumed that life began in water and spread from there to the whole world. But water has been polluted anthropogenically since the beginning of the industrial revolution in the late 19th century. At the end of the 20th century, most water sources cannot be used for aquaculture, irrigation, and human use. Therefore, for sustainable development, we have to protect our water sources on Earth, because it's the only planet we have!

Nanotechnology in Industrial Wastewater Treatment

Nanotechnology in Industrial Wastewater Treatment
A Book

by Dr. Arup Roy,Jayanta Bhattacharya

  • Publisher : IWA Publishing
  • Release : 2015-01-15
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 1780406878
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanotechnology in Industrial Wastewater Treatment is a state of the art reference book. The book is particularly useful for wastewater technology development laboratories and organizations. All professional and academic areas connected with environmental engineering, nanotechnology based wastewater treatment and related product design are incorporated and provide an essentialresource. The book describes the application and synthesis of Ca-based and magnetic nano-materials and their potential application for removal/treatment of heavy metals from wastewater. Nanotechnology in Industrial Wastewater Treatment discusses the rapid wastewater treatment methods using Ca-based nanomaterials and magnetic nanomaterials. This is an emerging area of new science and technology in wastewater treatment. The main audiences for the book are water industry professionals, research scholars and students in the area of Environmental Engineering and Nanotechnology. Authors: Dr. Arup Roy Department of Mining Engineering, Geo-Environmental Lab., Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur,India; and Professor Jayanta Bhattacharya, Department of Mining Engineering, Geo-Environmental Lab., Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India.

Nanotechnology for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Nanotechnology for Water and Wastewater Treatment

by P. Lens,J.Virkutyte,V. Jegatheesan,Seung-Hyun Kim and S,Al-Abed

  • Publisher : IWA Publishing
  • Release : 2013-07-15
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN : 1780404581
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The rapid development of nanoscience enables a technology revolution that will soon impact virtually every facet of the water sector. Yet, there is still too little understanding of what nanoscience and nanotechnology is, what can it do and whether to fear it or not, even among the educated public as well as scientists and engineers from other disciplines. Despite the numerous books and textbooks available on the subject, there is a gap in the literature that bridges the space between the synthesis (conventional and more greener methods) and use (applications in the drinking water production, wastewater treatment and environmental remediation fields) of nanotechnology on the one hand and its potential environmental implications (fate and transport of nanomaterials, toxicity, Life Cycle Assessments) on the other. Nanotechnology for Water and Wastewater Treatment explores these topics with a broad-based multidisciplinary scope and can be used by engineers and scientists outside the field and by students at both undergraduate and post graduate level. Table of Contents Introduction: Nanotechnology for water and wastewater treatment: potential and limitation; Characteristics and properties of nanoparticles; Physical and chemical analysis of nanoparticles; Fate and transport of nanoparticles/nanomaterials, toxicity studies; Nanoparticles and bioremediation; Nanosorbents; Effective Phosphate Removal Using Ca-based Layered Double Hydroxide Materials; Mg(OH)2 nanoadsorbent during Treating the Low Concentration of Cr; Nano catalysts; Visible-light doped titania for water purification: nitrogen and silver doping; Doping of Pd nanocatalysts for PCB removal; The use of bimetallic nanosystems to remove POPs from soils and sediments"; Nanomaterials for disinfection and microbial control; Microbial manufactured silver nanoparticles for water disinfection; Electrospun nanofibers for Point-of-Use Water Treatment; Nanomaterials to enhance filtration; Metalic and ceramic microreactors; Enzyme-Immobilized Nanofiltration Membrane To Mitigate Biofouling Based on Quorum Quenching; Biomimetic membranes for water filtration; Nano sensors ; Functionalised graphene: a novel platform for biosensors; Lab-on-a-Chip Interferometric Biosensor Nanotechnology; Nanosensors for pathogens; Nanomanufacturing: Materials Design and Production; Green synthesis of nanoparticles and nanocatalysts; Plant-based nanoparticle manufacturing.

Use of Ozone Depleting Substances in Laboratories

Use of Ozone Depleting Substances in Laboratories
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Nordic Council of Ministers
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 170
  • ISBN : 9789289308847
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Selection of the HPLC Method in Chemical Analysis

Selection of the HPLC Method in Chemical Analysis
A Book

by Serban C. Moldoveanu,Victor David

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-11-01
  • Pages : 598
  • ISBN : 0128037113
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Selection of the HPLC Method in Chemical Analysis serves as a practical guide to users of high-performance liquid chromatography and provides criteria for method selection, development, and validation. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is the most common analytical technique currently practiced in chemistry. However, the process of finding the appropriate information for a particular analytical project requires significant effort and pre-existent knowledge in the field. Further, sorting through the wealth of published data and literature takes both time and effort away from the critical aspects of HPLC method selection. For the first time, a systematic approach for sorting through the available information and reviewing critically the up-to-date progress in HPLC for selecting a specific analysis is available in a single book. Selection of the HPLC Method in Chemical Analysis is an inclusive go-to reference for HPLC method selection, development, and validation. Addresses the various aspects of practice and instrumentation needed to obtain reliable HPLC analysis results Leads researchers to the best choice of an HPLC method from the overabundance of information existent in the field Provides criteria for HPLC method selection, development, and validation Authored by world-renowned HPLC experts who have more than 60 years of combined experience in the field

UV-VIS Spectroscopy and Its Applications

UV-VIS Spectroscopy and Its Applications
A Book

by Heinz-Helmut Perkampus

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-03-08
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN : 3642774776
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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UV-VIS spectroscopy is one of the oldest methods in molecular spectroscopy. The definitive formulation of the Bouguer-Lambert Beer law in 1852 created the basis for the quantitative evaluation of absorption measurements at an early date. This led firstly to colorimetry, then to photometry and finally to spectrophotometry. This evolution ran parallel with the development of detectors for measuring light intensities, i.e. from the human eye via the photo element and photocell, to the photomultiplier and from the photo graphic plate to the present silicon-diode detector both of which allow simultaneous measurement of the complete spectrum. With the development of quantum chemistry, increasing atten tion was paid to the correlation between light absorption and the structure of matter with the result that in recent decades a number of excellent discussions of the theory of electronic spectroscopy (UV-VIS and luminescence sp,~ctroscopy) have been published. Consequently, this extremely ivteresting aspect of molecular spec troscopy has dominated the teaching of the subject both in my own lectures and those of others. However, it is often overlooked that, in addition to the theory, applications of spectroscopic methods are of particular interest to scientists. For this reason, a lecture series about electronic spectroscopy given in the Institute for Physical Chemistry at the Heinrich-Heine-University in Dusseldorf was supplemented by one about "UV-VIS spectroscopy and its applications". This formed the basis of the present book.

Frontiers and New Trends in the Science of Fermented Food and Beverages

Frontiers and New Trends in the Science of Fermented Food and Beverages
A Book

by Rosa Lidia Solís-Oviedo,Ángel De La Cruz Pech-Canul

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2019-02-20
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN : 1789854954
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From time immemorial fermented foods have undoubtedly contributed to the progress of modern societies. Historically, ferments have been present in virtually all human cultures worldwide, and nowadays natives from many ancient cultures still conduct a wide variety of food fermentations using deep-rooted recipes and processes. Within the last four centuries, scientific research has started to unravel many aspects of the biological process behind fermentations, which has contributed to the improvement of many industrial processes. During our journey in the research field, we have always been attracted to the development of scientific research around fermentations, especially autochthonous ferments: a natural repository of novel biomolecules and biological processes that will positively impact on many application fields from health, to food, to materials.

Chemical Oxidation Applications for Industrial Wastewaters

Chemical Oxidation Applications for Industrial Wastewaters
A Book

by Isik Kabdasli,Idil Arslan-Alaton

  • Publisher : IWA Publishing
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 341
  • ISBN : 1843393077
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers the most recent scientific and technological developments (state-of-the-art) in the field of chemical oxidation processes applicable for the efficient treatment of biologically-difficult-to-degrade, toxic and/or recalcitrant effluents originating from different manufacturing processes.

Standards and Best Practice in Absorption Spectrometry

Standards and Best Practice in Absorption Spectrometry
A Book

by C. Burgess,T. Frost

  • Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
  • Release : 1999-03-24
  • Pages : 246
  • ISBN : 9780632053131
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Written for academic chemists working in industrial, government and academic laboratories, this book aims to be the definitive guide to standards, compliance and best practice in absorption spectrometry. Compiled by a distinguished team of authors and co-ordinated by the Ultraviolet Spectrometry Group (UVSG), it is essentially a practising analytical chemists' manual. The underlying theory is covered in outline, with references to more fundamental works. The discussion on standards in the first part represents a consensus of informed user opinion and is independent of any commercial bias. The second part contains a guide to the practical application of UV spectrometry written by recognised experts in the field. Part 1 Standards: Overview of UV spectrometry, cell design and construction, instrument design, liquid absorbance standards, solid absorbance standards, stray light, wavelength standards, regulatory overview, recommended procedures for standardisation. Part 2 Practical Absorption Spectrometry: Absorption spectrometry in practice, measuring the spectrum, chemometric techniques and numerical methods, derivative techniques, and automated sampling.

Biological Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery

Biological Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery
A Book

by Robina Farooq,Zaki Ahmad

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2017-03-29
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 9535130455
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biological treatment of wastewater is a low-cost solution for remediation of wastewater. This book focuses on the bioremediation of wastewater, its management, monitoring, role of biofilms on wastewater treatment and energy recovery. It emphasizes on organic, inorganic and micropollutants entering into the environment after conventional wastewater treatment facilities of industrial, agricultural and domestic wastewaters. The occurrence of persistent pollutants poses deleterious effects on human and environmental health. Simple solution for recovery of energy as well as water during biological treatment of wastewater is a viable option. This book provides necessary knowledge and experimental studies on emerging bioremediation processes for reducing water, air and soil pollution.

Removal of Organic Pollution in Water Environment

Removal of Organic Pollution in Water Environment
A Book

by Joanna Karpińska,Urszula Kotowska

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-11-21
  • Pages : 154
  • ISBN : 3039218409
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The development of civilization entails a growing demand for consumer goods. A side effect of the production and use of these materials is the production of solid waste and wastewater. Municipal and industrial wastewater usually contains a large amount of various organic compounds and is the main source of pollution of the aquatic environment. Therefore, the search for effective methods of wastewater and other polluted water treatment is an important element of caring for the natural environment. This book presents research on the determination and removal of environmentally hazardous organic compounds from aqueous samples. The articles included in this book describe the results of examinations, at the laboratory scale, of the efficiency of chemical as well as physical processes for the removal or degradation of selected model pollutants. Environmental studies, especially those concerning the determination of trace impurities, require effective isolation and concentration procedures. The methods used for this purpose should meet the requirements of green chemistry. The liquid phase microextraction procedures and use of electrochemical methods described in this book seem to be proper for environmental studies, as they are effective and environmentally friendly.

Recent Insights in Petroleum Science and Engineering

Recent Insights in Petroleum Science and Engineering
A Book

by Mansoor Zoveidavianpoor

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-02-07
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN : 953513809X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents new insights into the development of different aspects of petroleum science and engineering. The book contains 19 chapters divided into two main sections: (i) Exploration and Production and (ii) Environmental Solutions. There are 11 chapters in the first section, and the focus is on the topics related to exploration and production of oil and gas, such as characterization of petroleum source rocks, drilling technology, characterization of reservoir fluids, and enhanced oil recovery. In the second section, the special emphasis is on waste technologies and environmental cleanup in the downstream sector. The book written by numerous prominent scholars clearly shows the necessity of the multidisciplinary approach to sustainable development in the petroleum industry and stresses the most updated topics such as EOR and environmental cleanup of fossil fuel wastes.