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Valorization of Biomass to Bioproducts

Valorization of Biomass to Bioproducts
Organic Acids and Biofuels

by Vijai Kumar Gupta,Maria Tuohy,Quang D. Nguyen,Rajeev Bhat,Pramod W. Ramteke

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-03-15
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN : 9780128228883
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Valorization of Biomass to Bioproducts: Organic Acids and Biofuels focuses on recent development and technological developments, challenges in bioprocessing of biomass for important organic acids and biofuels (waste to energy) for its industrial applications. Chapters present the information on the biomass as source for fermentation to produce important organic acids and next generation biofuels. Additionally, it includes chapters on the role of synthetic/systems biology and metabolic engineering in producing these valuable biomolecules of industrial interest. Consolidates the most recent research on the organic acids from biomass Highlights the applications of organic acids across the various industries Discusses a wide range of biotechnologies for biofuel production Covers recent challenges in biomass to biofuels and life cycle analysis

Biomass Valorization to Bioenergy

Biomass Valorization to Bioenergy
A Book

by R. Praveen Kumar,B. Bharathiraja,Rupam Kataki,V. S. Moholkar

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-10-11
  • Pages : 219
  • ISBN : 9811504105
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers topics related to bioenergy production from various biomass sources, including agricultural residues and waste biomass from both domestic and industrial use. It includes useful data, illustrations, and case studies of bioenergy production facilities. The contents of this book will be of interest to readers looking to scale up production and evaluate the selection and optimization of resources in order to overcome the current limitations of biomass to bioenergy conversions. The book will be of interest to researchers and industry professional alike.

Sustainable Catalytic Conversion of Biomass for the Production of Biofuels and Bioproducts

Sustainable Catalytic Conversion of Biomass for the Production of Biofuels and Bioproducts
A Book

by Gabriel Morales ,Jose Iglesias ,Juan A. Melero

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2020-12-02
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 3039364332
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomass is widely considered as a potential alternative to dwindling fossil fuel reserves. There is a large variety of biomass sources (oleaginous, lignocellulosic, algae, etc.), with many possible conversion routes and products. Currently, biomass is not just viewed as a source of biofuels, but also as an interesting feedstock for the production of bio-based chemicals that could largely replace petrochemicals. In this context, the search for new sustainable and efficient alternatives to fossil sources is gaining increasing relevance within the chemical industry. There, the role of catalysis is often critical for the development of clean and sustainable processes, aiming to produce commodity chemicals or liquid fuels with a high efficiency and atom economy. This book gathers works at the cutting edge of investigation in the application of catalysis, for the sustainable conversion of biomass into biofuels and bio-based chemicals.

Valorization of Biomass to Value-Added Commodities

Valorization of Biomass to Value-Added Commodities
Current Trends, Challenges, and Future Prospects

by Michael O. Daramola,Augustine O. Ayeni

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-04-21
  • Pages : 595
  • ISBN : 3030380327
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the most up-to-date technologies for the transformation of biomass into valuable fuels, chemicals, materials, and products. It provides comprehensive coverage of the characterization and fractionation of various types of biomass and details the many challenges that are currently encountered during this process. Divided into two sections, this book discusses timely topics such as the characterization of biomass feedstock, pretreatment and fractionation of biomass, and describes the process for conversion of biomass to value-added commodities. The authors bring biomass transformational strategies that are yet to be explored to the forefront, making this innovative book useful for graduate students and researchers in academia, government, and industry.

Bio-valorization of Waste

Bio-valorization of Waste
Trends and Perspectives

by Shachi Shah

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9811596964
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomass Volume Estimation and Valorization for Energy

Biomass Volume Estimation and Valorization for Energy
A Book

by Jaya Shankar Tumuluru

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2017-02-22
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN : 9535129376
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is the outcome of contributions by many experts in the field from different disciplines, various backgrounds, and diverse expertise. This book provides information on biomass volume calculation methods and biomass valorization for energy production. The chapters presented in this book include original research and review articles. I hope the research presented in this book will help to advance the use of biomass for bioenergy production and valorization. The key features of the book are: Providing information on biomass volume estimation using direct, nondestructive and remote sensing methods Biomass valorization for energy using thermochemical (gasification and pyrolysis) and biochemical (fermentation) conversion processes.

Bioprocessing of Renewable Resources to Commodity Bioproducts

Bioprocessing of Renewable Resources to Commodity Bioproducts
A Book

by Virendra S. Bisaria,Akihiko Kondo

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-04-07
  • Pages : 584
  • ISBN : 1118845331
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides the vision of a successful biorefinery—the lignocelluloic biomass needs to be efficiently converted to its constituent monomers, comprising mainly of sugars such as glucose, xylose, mannose and arabinose. Accordingly, the first part of the book deals with aspects crucial for the pretreatment and hydrolysis of biomass to give sugars in high yield, as well as the general aspects of bioprocessing technologies which will enable the development of biorefineries through inputs of metabolic engineering, fermentation, downstream processing and formulation. The second part of the book gives the current status and future directions of the biological processes for production of ethanol (a biofuel as well as an important commodity raw material), solvents (butanol, isobutanol, butanediols, propanediols), organic acids (lactic acid, 3-hydroxy propionic acid, fumaric acid, succinic acid and adipic acid), and amino acid (glutamic acid). The commercial production of some of these commodity bioproducts in the near future will have a far reaching effect in realizing our goal of sustainable conversion of these renewable resources and realizing the concept of biorefinery. Suitable for researchers, practitioners, graduate students and consultants in biochemical/ bioprocess engineering, industrial microbiology, bioprocess technology, metabolic engineering, environmental science and energy, the book offers: Exemplifies the application of metabolic engineering approaches for development of microbial cell factories Provides a unique perspective to the industry about the scientific problems and their possible solutions in making a bioprocess work for commercial production of commodity bioproducts Discusses the processing of renewable resources, such as plant biomass, for mass production of commodity chemicals and liquid fuels to meet our ever- increasing demands Encourages sustainable green technologies for the utilization of renewable resources Offers timely solutions to help address the energy problem as non-renewable fossil oil will soon be unavailable

Advances in Feedstock Conversion Technologies for Alternative Fuels and Bioproducts

Advances in Feedstock Conversion Technologies for Alternative Fuels and Bioproducts
New Technologies, Challenges and Opportunities

by Majid Hosseini

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-02-23
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN : 0128179384
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Feedstock Conversion Technologies for Alternative Fuels and Bioproducts: New Technologies, Challenges and Opportunities highlights the novel applications of, and new methodologies for, the advancement of biological, biochemical, thermochemical and chemical conversion systems that are required for biofuels production. The book addresses the environmental impact of value added bio-products and agricultural modernization, along with the risk assessment of industrial scaling. The book also stresses the urgency in finding creative, efficient and sustainable solutions for environmentally conscious biofuels, while underlining pertinent technical, environmental, economic, regulatory and social issues. Users will find a basis for technology assessments, current research capability, progress, and advances, as well as the challenges associated with biofuels at an industrial scale, with insights towards forthcoming developments in the industry. Presents a thorough overview of new discoveries in biofuels research and the inherent challenges associated with scale-up Highlights the novel applications and advancements for biological, biochemical, thermochemical and chemical conversion systems that are required for biofuels production Evaluates risk management concerns, addressing the environmental impact of value added bio-products and agricultural modernization, and the risk assessment of industrial scaling

Bioprocess Engineering for Bioremediation

Bioprocess Engineering for Bioremediation
Valorization and Management Techniques

by Manuel Jerold,Santhiagu Arockiasamy,Velmurugan Sivasubramanian

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-09-23
  • Pages : 271
  • ISBN : 3030579115
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume provides an overview of recent trends in bioremediation techniques. Gathering contributions by a multi-disciplinary team of authors, it reviews the available methodologies for the remediation of various types of waste, e.g. e-waste, wastewater, municipal solid waste and algal blooms. Bioprocessing techniques are not only used for environmental cleanup but also for the production of valuable added products from waste biomass. Accordingly, this book provides the reader with an update on current valorization techniques for biofuels, algal biorefineries, and the hydrothermal conversion of biomass. Given its interdisciplinary scope, the book offers a valuable asset for students, researchers and engineers working in biotechnology, environmental engineering, wastewater management, chemical engineering and related areas.

Innovative Bio-products for Agriculture

Innovative Bio-products for Agriculture
Innovative Phosphorus Bio-fertilizers

by Katarzyna Chojnacka,Henryk Gorecki

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 103
  • ISBN : 9781536147797
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The presented book describes the results of the research of the project titled Phosphorus Renewable Raw Materials A Resource Base for the New Generation of Fertilizers attributed to the National Center for Research and Development of Poland. This book is divided into three chapters that are assigned to different stages of the project undertaken by different R&D institutions. The concept and possible options of valorization of waste biomass, such as bones, fish bones, and ashes originated from the incineration of sludge from a waste-water treatment plant from the tertiary stage of biological treatment as resources of phosphorus were described by the team from Wroclaw University of Science and Technology. As a method of by-products valorization, the solubilization process was proposed. Two strategies were proposed: Ex-situ and in-situ. The in-situ manner resulted with suspension fertilizer with a low concentration of P2O5 while ex-situ gave the possibility to obtain two solid formulations with the high content of P2O5. All of them could be used in agriculture and horticulture as granular fertilizers or as substrates. The different content of P2O5, as well as other nutrients in obtained formulations, were described as an effect of utilization of different raw materials as well as various additional substances such as binders necessary for the stability of final formulations. What is more, the efficiency of obtained formulations was strongly related to the kind of microorganism used as an activator of unavailable phosphorus, which was discussed in details. The technology of production for biofertilizers in pilot-scale was described by the Institute of New Chemical Synthesis in Pulawy with the following issues underlined: Design of installation to produce fertilizers based on renewable raw materials; plant construction and production of the product; and preliminary economic analysis. The University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn described the utilitarian properties of new fertilizer formulations that were evaluated in field tests with special attention to granular and suspension biofertilizer. In that chapter, the major results of the agronomic evaluation of new suspension and granular phosphorus biofertilizers from secondary raw materials (sewage sludge ash, animal bones, and animal blood) were presented. Biofertilizers contained Bacillus megaterium or Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans bacteria. New bioproducts were tested in field experiments in reference to traditional commercial phosphorus fertilizers (superphosphate, phosphorite, etc.). The research confirmed that phosphorus biofertilizers from renewable raw materials were similar to commercial fertilizers in terms of their crop-enhancing efficiency and did not reduce yield quality and quantity.

Lignocellulose for Future Bioeconomy

Lignocellulose for Future Bioeconomy
A Book

by Hidayah Ariffin,S.M. Sapuan,Mohd Ali Hassan

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-04-20
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 0128166053
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Lignocellulose for Future Bioeconomy discusses the conversion and utilization of lignocellulosic biomass. This book focuses on the utilization of lignocelluloses for various products, including biopolymers, bionanomaterials and bioproducts. Recent findings in scientific investigation, engineering, product development, economic and lifecycle analysis are discussed, as are current synthesis technologies and potential applications. The book progresses from a discussion of the potential sources of biomass, to the refinement and processing of materials. A sampling of various sustainability issues faced by industries in their production methods and a look at real world examples of the use of lignocellulose-based materials in the bioeconomy round out the discussion. Presents information on lignocellulosic biomass management and its utilization for the production of bioproducts, biopolymers and bionanomaterials Highlights the applications of advanced materials developed from lignocellulosic biomass and their contribution towards future bioeconomy Discusses the lifecycle of lignocellulosic biomass

Char and Carbon Materials Derived from Biomass

Char and Carbon Materials Derived from Biomass
Production, Characterization and Applications

by Mejdi Jeguirim,Lionel Limousy

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-03-29
  • Pages : 506
  • ISBN : 0128148942
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Char and Carbon Materials Derived from Biomass: Production, Characterization and Applications provides an overview of biomass char production methods (pyrolysis, hydrothermal carbonization, etc.), along with the characterization techniques typically used (Scanning Electronic Microscopy, X-Ray Fluorescence, Nitrogen adsorption, etc.) In addition, the book includes a discussion of the various properties of biomass chars and their suitable recovery processes, concluding with a demonstration of applications. As biomass can be converted to energy, biofuels and bioproducts via thermochemical conversion processes, such as combustion, pyrolysis and gasification, this book is ideal for professionals in energy production and storage fields, as well as professionals in waste treatment, gas treatment, and more. Provides a discussion of sources of biomass feedstocks, such as agricultural, woody plants and food processing residue Discusses the various production processes of biomass chars, including pyrolysis and hydrothermal carbonization Explores various applications of biomass chars within different industries, including energy and agronomy

Hemicelluloses and Lignin in Biorefineries

Hemicelluloses and Lignin in Biorefineries
A Book

by Jean-Luc Wertz,Magali Deleu,Séverine Coppée,Aurore Richel

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-10-16
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 1351762052
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hemicelluloses and Lignin in Biorefineries provides an understanding of lignocellulosic biomass, which is mainly composed of cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin. It promotes the valorization of these molecules in the context of the bioeconomy and presents hemicelluloses and lignin, which are generated in lignocellulosic biorefineries, as the molecules of the future. The viability of these molecules lies in their renewability and potential. This book covers all aspects of hemicelluloses and lignin including structure, biosynthesis, extraction, biodegradation, and conversion. The book also looks ahead to the socioeconomic and environmental value of biobased industry and emphasizes an understanding of the potential of lignocellulosic biomass.

Waste to Wealth

Waste to Wealth
A Book

by Reeta Rani Singhania,Rashmi Avinash Agarwal,R. Praveen Kumar,Rajeev K Sukumaran

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-12-07
  • Pages : 514
  • ISBN : 9811074313
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on value addition to various waste streams, which include industrial waste, agricultural waste, and municipal solid and liquid waste. It addresses the utilization of waste to generate valuable products such as electricity, fuel, fertilizers, and chemicals, while placing special emphasis on environmental concerns and presenting a multidisciplinary approach for handling waste. Including chapters authored by prominent national and international experts, the book will be of interest to researchers, professionals and policymakers alike.

Bioenergy Research: Advances and Applications

Bioenergy Research: Advances and Applications
A Book

by Vijai G. Gupta,Maria Tuohy,Christian P Kubicek,Jack Saddler,Feng Xu

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2013-12-05
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN : 0444595643
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bioenergy Research: Advances and Applications brings biology and engineering together to address the challenges of future energy needs. The book consolidates the most recent research on current technologies, concepts, and commercial developments in various types of widely used biofuels and integrated biorefineries, across the disciplines of biochemistry, biotechnology, phytology, and microbiology. All the chapters in the book are derived from international scientific experts in their respective research areas. They provide you with clear and concise information on both standard and more recent bioenergy production methods, including hydrolysis and microbial fermentation. Chapters are also designed to facilitate early stage researchers, and enables you to easily grasp the concepts, methodologies and application of bioenergy technologies. Each chapter in the book describes the merits and drawbacks of each technology as well as its usefulness. The book provides information on recent approaches to graduates, post-graduates, researchers and practitioners studying and working in field of the bioenergy. It is an invaluable information resource on biomass-based biofuels for fundamental and applied research, catering to researchers in the areas of bio-hydrogen, bioethanol, bio-methane and biorefineries, and the use of microbial processes in the conversion of biomass into biofuels. Reviews all existing and promising technologies for production of advanced biofuels in addition to bioenergy policies and research funding Cutting-edge research concepts for biofuels production using biological and biochemical routes, including microbial fuel cells Includes production methods and conversion processes for all types of biofuels, including bioethanol and biohydrogen, and outlines the pros and cons of each

Recent Advances in Bioconversion of Lignocellulose to Biofuels and Value Added Chemicals within the Biorefinery Concept

Recent Advances in Bioconversion of Lignocellulose to Biofuels and Value Added Chemicals within the Biorefinery Concept
A Book

by Edivaldo Ximenes Ferreira Filho,Leonora Rios de Souza Moreira,Eduardo de Aquino Ximenes,Cristiane Sanchez Farinas

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-05-19
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 0128182237
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Recent Advances in Bioconversion of Lignocellulose to Biofuels and Value Added Chemicals within the Biorefinery Concept covers the latest developments on biorefineries, along with their potential use for the transformation of residues into a broad range of more valuable products. Within this context, the book discusses the enzymatic conversion process of lignocellulosic biomass to generate fuels and other products in a unified approach. It focuses on new approaches to increase enzymatic production by microorganisms, the action of microbial inhibitors, and strategies for their removal. Furthermore, it outlines the benefits of this integrated approach for generating value-added products and the benefits to social and economic aspects, circular bio economy, HUBs and perspectives. Covers the mechanisms of enzymatic conversion of biomass into value-added products Discusses bioproducts derived from lignocellulose and their applications Includes discussions on design, development and the technologies needed for the sustainable manufacture of materials and chemicals Offers a techno-economic evaluation of biorefineries for integrated sustainability assessments Discusses the socioeconomic and cultural-economic perspectives of the lignocellulosic biorefinery Presents a virtual biorefinery as an integrated approach to evaluate the lignocellulose production chain

Wastewater Treatment Residues as Resources for Biorefinery Products and Biofuels

Wastewater Treatment Residues as Resources for Biorefinery Products and Biofuels
A Book

by Jose Antonio Olivares,Daniel Puyol,Juan Antonio Melero,Javier Dufour

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-11-21
  • Pages : 474
  • ISBN : 0128165405
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wastewater Treatment Residues as Resources for Biorefinery Products and Energy reviews wastewater treatment processes and the use of residues. The viability of end use processes for residues, such as incineration, cement additives, agricultural fertilizers, and methane production are reviewed and analyzed, as are new processes for the use of residues within a fuels production system, such as pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction and syngas. Specialized chapters discuss fractionation of biomass, the production of compounds from volatile fatty acids that conceptually proceed from the anaerobic acidogenesis of residues, and a final analysis of the overall productivity and viability that can be expected from these production schemes. Discusses processes for the production of high value-added products and energy development from sludge Provides value-added technologies for resource utilization in wastewater systems Outlines sustainability assessments and comparisons of technologies and processes

Application of Microalgae in Wastewater Treatment

Application of Microalgae in Wastewater Treatment
Volume 2: Biorefinery Approaches of Wastewater Treatment

by Sanjay Kumar Gupta,Faizal Bux

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-05-23
  • Pages : 563
  • ISBN : 3030139093
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This two-volume work presents comprehensive, accurate information on the present status and contemporary development in phycoremediation of various types of domestic and industrial wastewaters. The volume covers a mechanistic understanding of microalgae based treatment of wastewaters, including current challenges in the treatment of various organic and inorganic pollutants, and future opportunities of bioremediation of wastewater and industrial effluents on an algal platform. The editors compile the work of authors from around the globe, providing insight on key issues and state-of-the-art developments in algal bioremediation that is missing from the currently available body of literature. The volume hopes to serve as a much needed resource for professors, researchers and scientists interested in microalgae applications for wastewater treatment. Volume 2 addresses the various biorefinery aspects and applications of algal-based wastewater treatment in industrial and domestic contexts. The analyses are approached from multiple perspectives, including biotechnology, commercial, economic, and sustainability. The authors discuss the potential of microalgae for integrated biomass production utilizing various resources to treat wastewaters, and include evaluations of the economical and commercialization potential for such processes.

Biorefining Microalgae and Plant Hosts with Extraction, Recovery, and Purification of Multiple Biomolecules

Biorefining Microalgae and Plant Hosts with Extraction, Recovery, and Purification of Multiple Biomolecules
A Book

by Chelsea Keiana Dixon

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microalgae are a potential feedstock for renewable and sustainable bioproducts and energy but there are significant scientific and engineering challenges to address before widespread acceptance of this platform. In particular, biorefining microalgae serves to maximize biomass valorization and minimize waste to improve process economics. The overall goal of this dissertation was the development of a biological-based microalgae biorefinery to enhance the economic feasibility of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii as a source of multiple products including native proteins and lipids. Specific objectives included accumulating biomass enriched in target biomolecules and determining processing strategies that eliminated the need to dry biomass, employed mild conditions to maintain extractability and quality, and minimized application of petroleum-derived and toxic solvents during extraction. The microalgae biorefinery developed included biomolecule accumulation, biomass harvesting, and targeted enzymatic degradation of the cell wall and organelles for release of native proteins and lipids. Biomass was cultivated, and kinetic studies indicated that 48 h nitrogen deprivation was adequate for protein and lipid accumulation. Four lytic enzymes were screened for their ability to permeate the C. reinhardtii cell wall and the C. reinhardtii-produced enzyme, autolysin, led to >85% cell disruption. TEM imaging confirmed cell disruption and retention of lipid droplets in organelle remnants indicating that protein, lipids, and starch could be distinctly partitioned and recovered. A design of experiments optimization study determined that incubation of disrupted biomass at pH 12 for 4 h at 45°C resulted in up to 65% of total protein released from disrupted biomass followed by 40-50% protein recovery with isoelectric precipitation. The cell disruption and protein extraction steps were subsequently integrated to minimize unit operations, processing time, and energy inputs. Secondary application of trypsin led to release of ~73% of total lipids (enriched in triacylglycerols) from the disrupted biomass. Characterization by thin layer chromatography and GC-FID of released lipids revealed similar profiles of enzymatically released lipids as compared to those released by conventional extraction procedures. Finally, the composition of released lipids indicated favorable combustion behavior, high oxidation stability, and suitability as biodiesel. The developed biological-based biorefinery is a promising step towards adoption of microalgae as a source of bioproducts to provide energy and food to meet the needs of a growing population. The second focus of the work was mitigation strategies for isolation of critical impurities (or potential co-products) while processing microalgae and plant hosts. Specific emphasis was placed on evaluating the impact of proteases, polysaccharides, phenolic compounds and pigments, phytic acid, and host cell proteins on the processing of microalgae and other plant hosts for extraction, recovery, and purification of therapeutic proteins. This review served as evaluation of the broader implications of application of the biorefinery to transgenic microalgae and other plants.

Catalysis for Renewables

Catalysis for Renewables
From Feedstock to Energy Production

by Gabriele Centi,Rutger A. van Santen

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2008-01-08
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 3527621121
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With its focus on catalysis and addressing two very hot and timely topics with significant implications for our future lives, this will be a white book in the field. The authority behind this practical work is the IDECAT Network of Excellence, and the authors here outline how the use of catalysis will promote the more extensive use of renewable feedstocks in chemical and energy production. They present the latest applications, their applicability and results, making this a ready reference for researchers and engineers working in catalysis, chemistry, and industrial processes wishing to analyze options, outlooks and opportunities in the field.