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Virus Taxonomy

Virus Taxonomy
Classification and Nomenclature of Viruses : Ninth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses

by Andrew M.Q. King,Michael J. Adams,Elliot J. Lefkowitz

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 1327
  • ISBN : 0123846846
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The practical need to partition the world of viruses into distinguishable, universally agreed upon entities is the ultimate justification for developing a virus classification system. Since 1971, the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) operating on behalf of the world community of virologists has taken on the task of developing a single, universal taxonomic scheme for all viruses infecting animals (vertebrate, invertebrates, and protozoa), plants (higher plants and algae), fungi, bacteria, and archaea. The current report builds on the accumulated taxonomic construction of the eight previous reports dating back to 1971 and records the proceedings of the Committee since publication of the last report in 2005. Representing the work of more than 500 virologists worldwide, this report is the authoritative reference for virus organization, distinction, and structure.

Human Viruses: Diseases, Treatments and Vaccines

Human Viruses: Diseases, Treatments and Vaccines
The New Insights

by Shamim I. Ahmad

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-05-19
  • Pages : 745
  • ISBN : 303071165X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses current evidence on human viruses and provides an extensive coverage of newly emerged viruses and current strategies for treatment. Offering a new perspective in view of the re-emergence of Ebola in African countries and Dengue in India and Pakistan, the contents include chapters on emergence, pathogenicity, epidemiology and vaccine uptake. Human Viruses: Diseases, Treatments and Vaccines: The New Insights discusses a range of viruses from the most common such as Influenza and Hepatitis to Zika, Poliomyelitis and Chikungunya among many others. It is authored by a team of experts on viral disease and will be of immense use to virologists, public health experts and clinicians.

Viruses, Plagues, and History

Viruses, Plagues, and History
Past, Present and Future

by Michael B. A. Oldstone M.D.

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2009-11-02
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 9780199758494
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The story of viruses and humanity is a story of fear and ignorance, of grief and heartbreak, and of great bravery and sacrifice. Michael Oldstone tells all these stories as he illuminates the history of the devastating diseases that have tormented humanity, focusing mostly on the most famous viruses. Oldstone begins with smallpox, polio, and measles. Nearly 300 million people were killed by smallpox in this century alone and the author presents a vivid account of the long campaign to eradicate this lethal killer. Oldstone then describes the fascinating viruses that have captured headlines in more recent years: Ebola, Hantavirus, mad cow disease (a frightening illness made worse by government mishandling and secrecy), and, of course, AIDS. And he tells us of the many scientists watching and waiting even now for the next great plague, monitoring influenza strains to see whether the deadly variant from 1918--a viral strain that killed over 20 million people in 1918-1919--will make a comeback. For this revised edition, Oldstone includes discussions of new viruses like SARS, bird flu, virally caused cancers, chronic wasting disease, and West Nile, and fully updates the original text with new findings on particular viruses. Viruses, Plagues, and History paints a sweeping portrait of humanity's long-standing conflict with our unseen viral enemies. Oldstone's book is a vivid history of a fascinating field, and a highly reliable dispatch from an eminent researcher on the front line of this ongoing campaign.

Corona- and Related Viruses

Corona- and Related Viruses
Current Concepts in Molecular Biology and Pathogenesis

by Gary A. Levy,Pierre J. Talbot

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 615
  • ISBN : 1461518997
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Corona- and related viruses are important human and animal pathogens that also serve as models for other viral-mediated diseases. Interest in these pathogens has grown tremendously since the First International Symposium was held at the Institute of Virology and Immunobiology of the University of Wiirzburg, Germany. The Sixth International Symposium was held in Quebec City from August 27 to September I, 1994, and provided further understanding of the molecular biology, immunology, and pathogenesis of corona-, toro-, and arterivirus infections. Lectures were given on the molecular biology, pathogenesis, immune responses, and development of vaccines. Studies on the pathogenesis of coronavirus infections have been focused mainly on murine coronavirus, and mouse hepatitis virus. Neurotropic strains ofMHV (e.g., JHM, A59) cause a demyelinating disease that has served as an animal model for human multiple sclerosis. Dr. Samuel Dales, of the University of Western Ontario, London, Canada, gave a state-of-the-art lecture on our current under standing of the pathogenesis of JHM-induced disease.

Understanding Viruses

Understanding Viruses
A Book

by Teri Shors

  • Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
  • Release : 2011-11-08
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN : 0763785539
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Second Edition of Understanding Viruses provides a balanced approach to this fascinating discipline, combining the molecular, clinical, and historical aspects of virology. Updated throughout to keep pace with this fast-paced field, the text provides a strong, comprehensive introduction to human viral diseases. New material on molecular virology as well as new virus families presented coupled with chapters on viral diseases of animals; the history of clinical trials, gene therapy, and xenotransplantation; prions and viroids; plant viruses; and bacteriophages add to the scope of the text. Chapters discussing specific viral diseases weave in an epidemiological and global perspective and include treatment and prevention information. Contemporary case studies, Refresher Boxes, and Virus Files engage students in the learning process. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.

Viruses and Nanotechnology

Viruses and Nanotechnology
A Book

by Marianne Manchester,Nicole F. Steinmetz

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-10-02
  • Pages : 147
  • ISBN : 3540693793
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanotechnology is a collective term describing a broad range of relatively novel topics. Scale is the main unifying theme, with nanotechnology being concerned with matter on the nanometer scale. A quintessential tenet of nanotechnology is the precise self-assembly of nanometer-sized components into ordered devices. Nanotechnology seeks to mimic what nature has achieved, with precision at the nanometer level down to the atomic level. Nanobiotechnology, a division of nanotechnology, involves the exploitation of biomaterials, devices or methodologies in the nanoscale. In recent years a set of b- molecules has been studied and utilized. Virus particles are natural nanomaterials and have recently received attention for their tremendous potential in this field. The extensive study of viruses as pathogens has yielded detailed knowledge about their biological, genetic, and physical properties. Bacterial viruses (bacte- ophages), plant and animal eukaryotic viruses, and viruses of archaea have all been characterized in this manner. The knowledge of their replicative cycles allows manipulation and tailoring of particles, relying on the principles of self-assembly in infected hosts to build the base materials. The atomic resolution of the virion structure reveals ways in which to tailor particles for higher-order functions and assemblies.

Plant Viruses

Plant Viruses
A Book

by K. M. Smith

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN : 9401096538
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the sixth edition of Plant Viruses, each section has been brought up to date and some additions made. A short account is given of a new technique, the protoplast-culture of plant viruses. The omission in the fifth edition of the Mycoplasma-like organisms has been criticized on the grounds of the close simi larity of symptom expression and techniques of study between Mycoplasmas and plant viruses. To meet this criticism Chapter 16, which gives a brief account of these organisms, is included. Some of the plates have been changed and new ones added. Grateful acknowledgment is due to Dr Aaron KIug F.R.S. and his colleagues, to Drs D. A. Govier, Basil Kassanis F.R.S. and Karl Maramorsch for permission to use their recent work. Acknowledgement is also due to several friends who have supplied prints of illustrations from their published work; credit has been given to authors in the illustration legends. Mr Denis C. Ingram, editor to Chapman and Hall, has been most helpful and co-operative throughout.

Viruses and Human Cancer

Viruses and Human Cancer
From Basic Science to Clinical Prevention

by T.-C. Wu,Mei-Hwei Chang,Kuan-Teh Jeang

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-11-17
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN : 3030573621
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book, in a new, extensively updated edition, covers viral infection, virus-induced inflammation and tissue injuries, viral epidemiology, oncogenic mechanisms, and current and emerging preventive and therapeutic strategies in detail. Readers will also find information on the individual aspects of a number of oncogenic viruses, including hepatitis B, hepatitis C, human papillomavirus, Epstein–Barr virus, human T-cell lymphotropic virus, Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpes, and Merkel cell polyomavirus, as well as associated human cancers. The book will benefit all those who are seeking a comprehensive, up-to-date overview of the basic and clinical aspects of oncogenic viruses and associated human cancers. Following its original publication in 2014, the first edition of this book quickly became an influential text in the field. This second edition duly reflects the significant advances in knowledge and research that have been achieved in the years since.

Viruses and Man: A History of Interactions

Viruses and Man: A History of Interactions
A Book

by Milton W. Taylor

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-07-21
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 3319077589
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Milton Taylor, Indiana University, offers an easy-to-read and fascinating text describing the impact of viruses on human society. The book starts with an analysis of the profound effect that viral epidemics had on world history resulting in demographic upheavals by destroying total populations. It also provides a brief history of virology and immunology. Furthermore, the use of viruses for the treatment of cancer (viral oncolysis or virotherapy) and bacterial diseases (phage therapy) and as vectors in gene therapy is discussed in detail. Several chapters focus on viral diseases such as smallpox, influenza, polio, hepatitis and their control, as well as on HIV and AIDS and on some emerging viruses with an interesting story attached to their discovery or vaccine development. The book closes with a chapter on biological weapons. It will serve as an invaluable source of information for beginners in the field of virology as well as for experienced virologists, other academics, students, and readers without prior knowledge of virology or molecular biology.

Viruses

Viruses
Agents of Evolutionary Invention

by Michael G. Cordingley

  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Release : 2017-06-19
  • Pages : 373
  • ISBN : 0674972082
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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While viruses—the world’s most abundant biological entities—are not technically alive, they invade, replicate, and evolve within living cells. Michael Cordingley goes beyond our familiarity with infections to show how viruses spur evolutionary change in their hosts and shape global ecosystems, from ocean photosynthesis to drug-resistant bacteria.

A Planet of Viruses

A Planet of Viruses
Third Edition

by Carl Zimmer

  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release : 2021-03-29
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN : 022678259X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Introduction. "A contagious living fluid" : tobacco mosaic virus and the discovery of the virosphere -- Old companions. The uncommon cold : how rhinoviruses gently conquered the world ; Looking down from the stars : influenza's never-ending reinvention ; Rabbits with horns : human papillomavirus and infectious cancer -- Everywhere, in all things. The enemy of our enemy : bacteriophages as viral medicine ; The infected ocean : how marine phages rule the sea ; Our inner parasites : endogenous retroviruses and our virus-riddled genomes -- The viral future. The young scourge : human immunodeficiency virus and the animal origins of disease ; Becoming an American : the globalization of West Nile virus ; The pandemic age : why COVID-19 should have come as no surprise ; The long goodbye : the delayed oblivion of Smallpox -- Epilogue. The alien in the water cooler : giant viruses and what it means to be a virus.

Bacteria and Viruses

Bacteria and Viruses
A Book

by Kara Rogers Senior Editor, Biomedical Sciences

  • Publisher : The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
  • Release : 2011-01-15
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 1615303065
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Discusses bacteria and viruses.

Emerging Viruses

Emerging Viruses
A Book

by Stephen S. Morse

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 317
  • ISBN : 0195104846
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the first book to focus on rapid viral evolution and emerging viruses. It systematically explores methods to track viral epidemics and to detect new viruses. It also offers practical suggestions for the prevention of future epidemics.

Viruses and Apoptosis

Viruses and Apoptosis
A Book

by Covadonga Alonso

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-03-27
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN : 9783540742630
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Using different viral models, molecular pathways regulated by viral genes and their role in the pathogenesis of infection are analyzed. The book also offers an update of known signaling pathways in apoptosis and their role in normal and infected cells. Special emphasis is given to molecular pathways underlying viral transformation and oncogenesis and how research in this area is opening opportunities in cancer therapy.

Plant Viruses: Evolution and Management

Plant Viruses: Evolution and Management
A Book

by Rajarshi Kumar Gaur,Nikolay Manchev Petrov,Basavaprabhu L. Patil,Mariya Ivanova Stoyanova

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-08-29
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 981101406X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on the evolution of plant viruses, their molecular classification, epidemics and management, covering topics relating to evolutionary mechanisms, viral ecology and emergence, appropriate analysis methods, and the role of evolution in taxonomy. The currently emerging virus species are increasingly becoming a threat to our way of life, both economically and physically. Plant viruses are particularly significant as they affect our food supply and are capable of rapidly spreading to new plant species. In basic research, plant viruses have become useful models to analyze the molecular biology of plant gene regulation and cell-cell communication. The small size of DNA genome of viruses possesses minimal coding capacity and replicates in the host cell nucleus with the help of host plant cellular machinery. Thus, studying virus cellular processes provides a good basis for explaining DNA replication, transcription, mRNA processing, protein expression and gene silencing in plants. A better understanding of these cellular processes will help us design antiviral strategies for plants. The book provides in-depth information on plant virus gene interactions with hosts, localization and expression and the latest advances in our understanding of plant virus evolution, their responses and crop improvement. Combining characterization of plant viruses and disease management and presenting them together makes it easy to compare all aspects of resistance, tolerance and management strategies. As such, it is a useful resource for molecular biologists and plant virologists alike.

Flexible Viruses

Flexible Viruses
Structural Disorder in Viral Proteins

by Vladimir Uversky,Sonia Longhi

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-11-07
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN : 1118135563
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides up-to-date information on experimental and computational characterization of the structural and functional properties of viral proteins, which are widely involved in regulatory and signaling processes. With chapters by leading research groups, it features current information on the structural and functional roles of intrinsic disorders in viral proteomes. It systematically addresses the measles, HIV, influenza, potato virus, forest virus, bovine virus, hepatitis, and rotavirus as well as viral genomics. After analyzing the unique features of each class of viral proteins, future directions for research and disease management are presented.

Viruses

Viruses
A Book

by Natalie Goldstein,Margaux Baum

  • Publisher : The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
  • Release : 2016-07-15
  • Pages : 48
  • ISBN : 1477788581
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The simplest living organisms on Earth, viruses are endlessly studied and yet remain a great mystery. They are the cause of many human and animal illnesses, from the numerous and common cold and flu viruses that plague us for a few days or weeks, to more insidious but treatable viral infections, such as HPV, to the most feared killer viruses, such as HIV and Ebola. In this book, readers explore the mechanics of how infections occur and what kinds of diseases arise from what types of viruses. They delve into the modern landscape of prevention and cure, including how vaccines work.

Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems

Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems
A Book

by Ricard Solé,Santiago F. Elena

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2018-12-11
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 0691185115
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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How complex systems theory sheds new light on the adaptive dynamics of viral populations Viruses are everywhere, infecting all sorts of living organisms, from the tiniest bacteria to the largest mammals. Many are harmful parasites, but viruses also play a major role as drivers of our evolution as a species and are essential regulators of the composition and complexity of ecosystems on a global scale. This concise book draws on complex systems theory to provide a fresh look at viral origins, populations, and evolution, and the coevolutionary dynamics of viruses and their hosts. New viruses continue to emerge that threaten people, crops, and farm animals. Viruses constantly evade our immune systems, and antiviral therapies and vaccination campaigns can be powerless against them. These unique characteristics of virus biology are a consequence of their tremendous evolutionary potential, which enables viruses to quickly adapt to any environmental challenge. Ricard Solé and Santiago Elena present a unified framework for understanding viruses as complex adaptive systems. They show how the application of complex systems theory to viral dynamics has provided new insights into the development of AIDS in patients infected with HIV-1, the emergence of new antigenic variants of the influenza A virus, and other cutting-edge advances. Essential reading for biologists, physicists, and mathematicians interested in complexity, Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems also extends the analogy of viruses to the evolution of other replicators such as computer viruses, cancer, and languages.

The Invisible Enemy

The Invisible Enemy
A Natural History of Viruses

by Dorothy Crawford

  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release : 2002-03-21
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 0191622486
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Viruses are disarmingly small and simple. None the less, the smallpox virus killed over 300 million people in the 20th century prior to its eradication in 1980. The AIDS virus, HIV, is now the single most common cause of death in Africa. In recent years, the outbreaks of several lethal viruses such as Ebola and hanta virus have caused great public concern. In her fascinating and vividly written book, Dorothy Crawford describes all aspects of the natural history of these deadly parasites, explaining how they differ from other microorganisms. She looks at the havoc viruses have caused in the past, where they have come from, and the detective work involved in uncovering them. Finally, she considers whether a new virus could potentially wipe out the human race. This is an informative and highly readable book, which will be read by all those seeking a deeper understanding of these minute but remarkably efficient killers.

Computer Virus

Computer Virus
The Damaging Facts About Computer Viruses!

by John Hawkins

  • Publisher : Scribl
  • Release : 2019-02-13
  • Pages : 19
  • ISBN : 1633482642
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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“Why Understanding All The Ins And Outs Of Avoiding Viruses Is Crucial!” Computer viruses are unwanted computer programs that can invade your hard drive and cause many different types of damage. Usually viruses are created when someone writes a computer program and embeds harmful software within that program. As soon as other people begin downloading that infected program onto their computer...