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Water Conservation in the Era of Global Climate Change

Water Conservation in the Era of Global Climate Change
A Book

by Binota Thokchom,Pengpeng Qiu,Pardeep Singh,Parameswar K. Iyer

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-02-25
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN : 0128203943
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Water Conservation in the Era of Global Climate Change reviews key issues surrounding climate change and water resources. The book brings together experts from a variety of fields and perspectives, providing a comprehensive view on how climate change impacts water resources, how water pollution impacts climate change, and how to assess potential hazards and success stories on managing and addressing current issues in the field. Topics also include assessing policy impacts, innovative water reuse strategies, and information on impacts on fisheries and agriculture including food scarcity. This book is an excellent tool for researchers and professionals in Climate Change, Climate Services and Water Resources, and those trying to combat the impacts and issues related to Global and Planetary Change. Covers a wide range of theoretical and practical issues related to how climate change impacts water resources and adaptation, with extended influence on agriculture, food and water security, policymaking, etc. Reviews mathematical tools and simulations models on predicting potential hazards from climate change in such a way they can be useful to readers from a variety of levels of mathematical expertise Examines the potential impacts on agriculture and drinking water quality Includes case studies of successful management of water and pollutants that contribute to climate change

Latin America in Times of Global Environmental Change

Latin America in Times of Global Environmental Change
A Book

by Cristian Lorenzo

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-08-05
  • Pages : 181
  • ISBN : 3030242544
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume discusses the challenges of Latin America in global environmental geopolitics. Written by leading experts, this book brings together Latin American research on global environmental change. They cover a range of topics such as climate change, water, forest and biodiversity conservation connected with science policies, public opinion, priorities of international funds, and international politics of Latin American countries. The book describes the discrepancy between the international priorities and the regional needs or country interests. It includes several case studies and analyses the cooperation in multilateral negotiations on climate change. It also offers a synthesis of debates around global environmental changes and Latin American politics, which the authors have previously promoted in different academic events in South America, including in Santiago de Chile in Chile, and Buenos Aires and Ushuaia in Argentina. This book assesses the environmental problems from different perspectives, highlights the scientific development in the environmental changes affecting Latin America and offers a new view on geopolitics to help face those issues. Specialist readers in international relations, political sciences, environmental sciences, geography and geopolitics will appreciate this up-to-date examination of Latin America and the global environmental change.

Policy Making in an Era of Global Environmental Change

Policy Making in an Era of Global Environmental Change
A Book

by R.E. Munn,J.W.M. la Rivière,N. van Lookeren Campagne

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 9400916124
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Major international, interdisciplinary research programmes are now underway to increase our understanding of how the Earth System operates and how it is changing through the effects of human activities. Although understanding and predictive capacity are still limited, scientists already agree that significant global changes must be expected in the next 50 years that will affect the capacity of the Earth to sustain life. Governments, business and industry have, therefore, come to recognize that scientific knowledge about the changing global environment - as yet incomplete but rapidly evolving - is becoming indispensable for wise long-term policy making, the goal being to design preventive, adaptive and remedial measures. Thus global change science and policy making are engaged in a process of forming a new partnership that is taking shape as further insights evolve. Effective continuous interactions between the partners requires mutual understanding: decision-makers need to understand the unique potential but also the limitations of the results of scientific research in progress while scientists must take into account the priorities and constraints of policy-makers in designing and implementing policies that will promote long-term sustainability of life on this planet. This book contributes in a unique manner to this mutual understanding: It gives an overview of the ongoing relevant research focusing on the two major international programmes, the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme and the World Climate Research Programme. These are described in terms understandable to the interested lay reader. The results of the latest review of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) are included. This is followed by an analysis of the response process that is in progress with respect to governments - singly and multilaterally - by business and industry and by public interest groups. This process is leading to interactive structures, assessment procedures and legislation, nationally and internationally. Business and industry are changing from mere watchfulness to recognition of new opportunities for products and processes. Six interviews with prominent figures from business and government circles in the Netherlands provide a vivid illustration of the questions at issue. The appendices provide overviews of methods for incorporating the results of global change science into policy-making and development of long lasting projects. Adaptation to climate change serves as an example. Thus, for the first time, one book describes both ongoing research work in global change and the response processes that the research results are evoking. It is of interest to all stake-holders in the scientific community as well as to decision-makers in industry, business and government.

Engineering Response to Global Climate Change

Engineering Response to Global Climate Change
Planning a Research and Development Agenda

by Robert G. Watts

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1997-07-30
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 9781566702348
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book goes beyond the analysis offered by typical works on this subject to propose real solutions to problems caused by changes in the earth's climate. From new ways to cut energy consumption and reduce carbon dioxide emissions to discussions of the possibilities of sea walls and climate-altering technologies, Engineering Response to Global Climate Change presents new conceptual tools and suggests research necessary for correcting and alleviating problems caused by global warming. Engineers are just now being asked to consider the problems of climate change and the possible technological responses. This complete reference covers the whole range of potential impacts of climate change and their engineering solutions. Of special interest is the chapter on geoengineering, which suggests how engineers may someday be able to intervene in planetary processes to reduce the effects of global warming. Edited by a regional director of the National Institute for Global Environmental Change and offering the collective expertise of a team of expert authors, each renowned in his or her field, this book offers thorough coverage of this important topic from an engineering and technology perspective.

Fundamental and Applied Scientific Research in the Development of Agriculture in the Far East (AFE-2021)

Fundamental and Applied Scientific Research in the Development of Agriculture in the Far East (AFE-2021)
Agricultural Innovation Systems, Volume 1

by Aleksei Muratov

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 303091402X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Image 2.0

Image 2.0
Integrated Modeling of Global Climate Change

by J. Alcamo

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 321
  • ISBN : 9401112002
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Only a few laboratories in the world have taken the bold step to attempt the integration of sub-models of the climate system, the global biogeochemical cycles and the human/societal components. This volume reports such a major undertaking and it is an important step towards an integrated approach to global change science. The IMAGE 2 model is important in demonstrating our current ability to model the complex global system.

50 FAQS on Climate Change, Second Edition

50 FAQS on Climate Change, Second Edition
(Know all about Climate Change and do your bit to limit it)

by Swati Prabhu

  • Publisher : The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 60
  • ISBN : 8179936910
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What is the difference between ‘climate’ and ‘weather’? When was the change in climate first recognized and by whom? What is ‘Anthropocene’? Does climate change impact mental health? Is climate change a result of the conflict between human and nature? How is food security linked to climate change? What is GISTEMP? Know the answers to these, and 43 more frequently asked questions, on climate change, its various aspects, and impacts. Other titles in this series: 50 FAQs on Air Pollution (ISBN: 9788174686514) 50 FAQs on Global Warming (ISBN: 9788179936986) 50 FAQs on Renewable Energy (ISBN: 9788179936900) 50 FAQs on Waste Management (ISBN: 9788179936993) 50 FAQs on Water Pollution (ISBN: 9788179936924) Table of Contents: Weather / Climate / Difference between ‘climate’ and ‘weather’ / Global climate change / Preventing climate change / Atmosphere / Main components of Earth’s atmosphere / Greenhouse gases / Source of greenhouse gases / Greenhouse effect / Change in climate / Inklings of changing climate / Carbon / Carbon footprint / Anthropocene / Sources of human-made emissions / Health risks due to climate change / Impact of climate change on mental health / Global mean surface temperature / Atmospheric carbon cycle / Global warming / Difference between global warming and climate change / Link between climate change and COVID-19 / Conflict between human and nature / Food security / Relation between food security and climate change / International climate change negotiation / GISTEMP / Climate neutrality / Paris Climate Agreement / Conference of Parties / Kyoto Protocol / Sustainable development / Copenhagen Accord / Agenda 2030 / Sustainable Development Goals / Clean Development Mechanism / Intended Nationally Determined Contribution / CBDR–RC / India’s INDCs / Green bond / Carbon sink / Decarbonization / Ocean acidification / Energy conservation and energy efficiency / Share of GHG emissions / Reducing carbon footprint / National Action Plan on Climate Change / Afforestation / Sustainable lifestyle

Examining the Effects of Climate Change and Urban Development on Water Demand

Examining the Effects of Climate Change and Urban Development on Water Demand
A Multi-scale Analysis of Future Water Demand in Hillsboro, Oregon

by Lily Arielle House-Peters,Portland State University. Department of Geography

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 316
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy and Global Climate Change

Energy and Global Climate Change
Bridging the Sustainable Development Divide

by Anilla Cherian

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2015-07-23
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1118845625
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy and Global Climate Change: Bridging the Sustainable Development Divide focuses attention on two urgent global development challenges faced by the UN and its member states: access to sustainable energy for all, and global climate change. This book presents compelling evidence about an often neglected aspect of the energy-climate change-development nexus faced by millions of poor: problems caused by the use of inefficient and polluting energy sources, and the lack of access to sustainable energy services. Based on a detailed examination of major UN global climate change and sustainable development negotiated outcomes over the course of several decades, this book argues in a powerful and insightful manner that intergovernmental negotiated outcomes aimed at solving the climate change and energy access challenges have been restricted by being placed in different negotiating silos. This “siloization” or compartmentalization has resulted in separate tracks of negotiated outcomes on two inextricably linked global development challenges; and, has thereby hindered prospects for integrated action. This book points out that the existence of these two silos is especially hard to ignore in light of the urgent UN-led quest for an integrated and universal post-2015 development agenda anticipated to be anchored by new sustainable development goals on energy access and climate change. By addressing the heavy reliance on inefficient and polluting energy services which result in indoor air pollution and short lived climate pollutants that tragically impact millions of poor people, this book highlights the unique importance of integrated action on the energy-poverty-climate change nexus in the UN’s post-2015 development era.

Climate Change Impacts on Hydrological Processes and Sediment Dynamics: Measurement, Modelling and Management

Climate Change Impacts on Hydrological Processes and Sediment Dynamics: Measurement, Modelling and Management
The Proceedings of The Second International Young Scientists Forum on Soil and Water Conservation and ICCE symposium 2018, 27–31 August, 2018, Moscow

by Sergey Chalov,Valentin Golosov,Rui Li,Anatoly Tsyplenkov

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-03-13
  • Pages : 128
  • ISBN : 3030036464
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book offers a collection of conference articles presented at the Second International Young Scientists Forum on Soil and Water Conservation and ICCE symposium 2018 “Climate Change Impacts on Sediment Dynamics: Measurement, Modelling, and Management” held at Moscow from 27 to 31 August 2018. This conference was organized by World Association of Soil and Water Conservation (WASWAC) and Lomonosov Moscow State University in cooperation with the International Commission on Continental Erosion of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences and World Large rivers Initiative. Topics in this book cover a wide range of questions related to fluvial geomorphology, water studies, and sediment transport.

Managing Water Resources in a Time of Global Change

Managing Water Resources in a Time of Global Change
Contributions from the Rosenberg International Forum on Water Policy

by Alberto Garrido,Ariel Dinar

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2009-01-13
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1135968888
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Global change possesses serious challenges for water managers and scientists. In mountain areas, where water supplies for half of the world population originate, climate and hydrologic models are still subject to considerable uncertainty. And yet, critical decisions have to be taken to ensure adequate and safe water supplies to billions of people, millions of farmers and industries, without further deteriorating rivers and water bodies. While global warming is known to cause glaciers’ retreat and reduced snow packs around the world, it is not clear that mountain discharge will be lower. What is widely recognised is that water management must be adapted to accommodate significant regime changes. However, this inevitably involves managing transboundary rivers, adding further complexity to putting principles in practice. This book takes global warming and the importance of mountain areas in world water resources as the starting point. First, it provides detailed reviews of the processes going on in several rivers systems and world regions in Europe (Rhône and Ebro), North America (Canadian Rockies, Western US and Mexico), the Middle East (Jordan), Africa (Tunisia, Kenya and South Africa). These contexts provide case studies and examples that show the difficulties and potential for adaptation to global change. Land-use, economics, numerous modeling approaches are some of the cross-cutting issues covered in the chapters. The volume also includes the views of water practitioners, with two chapters authored by members of the US-Canada International Joint Commission, an industrialist from Western Canada and an environmental leader in Spain. By combining a rich set of contexts and approaches, the volume succeeds in offering a view of the global challenges faced by water agencies, international donors and researchers around the world. A case is made in some chapters to seek adaptive strategies rather than trying to reduce or control resources variability. This requires factoring in land-use, social and economic aspects, especially in developing countries. Another conclusion is that complex problems can and must be posed and negotiated with the help of models, mapping techniques and science-based facts. However complex these may be, there are ways to translate them to easily interpretable and visualisations of alternative scenarios and courses of action. This book provides numerous examples of the potential of such approaches to draft environmental programmes solve transboundary disputes and reduce the economic consequences of droughts and climate instability.

Climatic Changes and Water Resources in the Middle East and North Africa

Climatic Changes and Water Resources in the Middle East and North Africa
A Book

by Fathi Zereini,Heinz Hötzl

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-11-10
  • Pages : 552
  • ISBN : 3540850473
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Climatic Change and Water Resources in the Middle East and North Africa" is dedicated to high-priority topics related to the impact of climate change on water resources in a water scarce region. The subject is described and discussed in three main chapters and different case studies. The three main chapters are (1) Climatic changes - sources and effects on the water cycle, (2) Impact of climate change on water resources, (3) Water resources and water management. These chapters are split up into further 26 sections. A total of 64 individuals from many countries have made contributions to this book. All topics in this book are complimentary and contribute to a comprehensive understanding of the interactions between global climate change, world water cycle and water resources. A valuable and meaningful interdisciplinary mixture of topics is combined in this book which will be of great interest to many scientists.

Coastal Ecosystems of the Tropics - Adaptive Management

Coastal Ecosystems of the Tropics - Adaptive Management
A Book

by Velmurugan Ayyam,Swarnam Palanivel,Sivaperuman Chandrakasan

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-10-11
  • Pages : 595
  • ISBN : 9811389268
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The coastal areas of the tropics are rich in biodiversity, natural resources and place of intensive developmental activities as it provides livelihood to millions of people. At the same time evidences suggest that several unique coastal ecosystems viz., mangroves, wetlands, salt marshes, corals, estuaries, sand dunes and agro-ecosystem are vulnerable to natural disasters and events associated with global climate change. In recent times degradation of land, water and genetic erosion besides threat to native flora and fauna have been increasing due to unsustainable developmental activities. Therefore, a paradigm shift in deriving livelihood through conventional methods, developmental strategies, conservation practices are required for balanced and sustainable growth of the coastal areas. This publication strives to cover the status of different natural resources of the coastal region, various aspects of degradation process, production need and restorative methods besides new technological options and its socio-economic implications with case examples. Special focus is given to bring out the scope and potential of mangrove based farming, integrated and organic farming and its value addition besides the role of coastal vegetations as bioshield in protecting these regions from sea erosion, cyclones and tsunami. As the tropical coastal areas are vulnerable to climate change events, this book also covers the recent weather pattern, impacts of climate change and climate resilient technologies besides intuitional linkages and policy framework aimed at balancing development and environmental concerns.

Water for Food in a Changing World

Water for Food in a Changing World
A Book

by Alberto Garrido,Helen Ingram

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2011-04-12
  • Pages : 334
  • ISBN : 1136808159
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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There is not enough water globally for all the things humans need and want water to do for us. Water supply bubbles are bursting in China, the Middle East and India with potentially serious implications for the global economy and for political stability. Even the United States is depleting groundwater on average 25% faster than it is being replenished. Our thirst for water grows with our population, but the amount of fresh water available on Earth is fixed. If we assume "business as usual" by 2050 about 40% of the projected global population of 9.4 billion is expected to be facing water stress or scarcity. With increasing climate variability being predicted by global climate models, we are likely also to have more people without adequate water more of the time, even in water-rich regions. Irrigation productivity rose dramatically over the past 40 years as a result of the Green Revolution. However, even if we disregard the environmental impacts caused by that revolution, we are no nearer to achieving global food security than we were 40 years ago, as every time we come close to filling the food production gap population growth and ecosystem decline associated with water diversions to human purposes set us back. Our natural and agricultural ecosystems are trying to tell us something. This book pursues these overarching themes connecting to water and food production at global and regional scales. The collection offers a comprehensive discussion of all relevant issues, and offers a wide-ranging discussion with the aim of contributing to the global debate about water and food crises.

Development of Water Resources in India

Development of Water Resources in India
A Book

by Vikas Garg,Vijay P. Singh,Vijay Raj

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-06-10
  • Pages : 537
  • ISBN : 3319551256
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This proceedings volume, with more than 30 chapters, is based on the presentations given at the National Conference on Water Resources and Hydropower (WRHP-2016) and represents the state-of-the-art in water resources in India. It includes experimental investigations, field studies, theoretical developments, numerical methods, as well as engineering achievements in water resources. The contributions are organised under four main topics: • Water Resources and Management: covers the issues related to water resources planning and management, water conservation, flood mitigation, policies and governance, conflict over rivers and planning of groundwater evolution, Assessment of Sedimentation, Surface water quality, Rainfall assessment, • Climate Change and Global Warming: includes chapters on the impact of climate on water resources and groundwater, hydrological impacts of climate change, Ground Water Contaminants, Assessment of Evaporation and evapotranspiration effects on global warming • Hydraulic Structures: presents contributions on fluvial hydraulics,flow through Weirs, Open Channel flow, river flood control, scour and erosion, dam and dowstream block failures and protection, Losses in pipes By combining these topics, the book provides a valuable resource for practitioners and researchers, including field engineers, academicians, planners, health specialists, disaster managers, decision makers and policy makers engaged in various aspects of water resources and hydropower. The WRHP-2016 was organised in association with the Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Uttrakhand Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited and the Indian Society for Hydraulics, Pune and was held in University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun, India from June 17-18, 2016.

Adapting to Climate Change

Adapting to Climate Change
An International Perspective

by Joel B. Smith,Neeloo Bhatti,Gennady V. Menzhulin,Ron Benioff,Max Campos,Bubu Jallow,Frank Rijsberman,Mikhail I. Budyko,R.K. Dixon

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 475
  • ISBN : 1461384710
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Global climate change is one of the most important environmental issues facing the world today. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) acknowledges the potential for global climate change to have major effects on the world economy. The work of the Intergovernmental Panel on Cli mate Change (lPCC) is focused on evaluating the scientific data on climate change and analyzing the potential responses to it. One of the primary issues in the global climate change debate is how to adapt to any change that might occur. The process ofidentifying adaptation measures and evaluating their effectiveness is the focus of this book. In dealing with climate change adaptation, the sequence of events in conduct ing these types of analyses can be generalized as follows: • Develop scenarios for the possible range of climate change, • Assess the vulnerability of various sectors of the national economy and infrastructure to climate change, and • Identify and evaluate measures in each sector to adapt to the climate change It is this third step that is the subject of this book. In presenting this material, Chapter 1 gives an overview of the concept of climate change adaptation and the general principles guiding the conduct of analyses in this area. Chapters 2-7 give the results of evaluating climate change adaptation options in the agriculture, water resources, coastal resources, forest and ecosystems, fisheries, and human settlements sectors.

Global Climate Change : Focus on Illinois : an Economic and Business Perspective, October 29, 1992, Bloomington, Illinois

Global Climate Change : Focus on Illinois : an Economic and Business Perspective, October 29, 1992, Bloomington, Illinois
Program and Abstracts

by Illinois State Water Survey

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Dictionary and Introduction to Global Environmental Governance

Dictionary and Introduction to Global Environmental Governance
A Book

by Richard A Meganck,Richard E Saunier

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2012-05-16
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 1136568050
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This unique dictionary and introduction to Global Environmental Governance (GEG), written and compiled by two veterans of the international stage, provides a compilation of over 5500 terms, organizations and acronyms, drawn from hundreds of official sources. An introductory essay frames the major issues in GEG and outlines the pitfalls of talking past one another when discussing the most critical of issues facing the planet. It challenges those who are concerned with the management of our planet and its inhabitants to understand and accept a vocabulary common to the often-opposing objectives sought in the many GEG instruments. The result is a practical tool that should find a central place on the desk of anyone involved in environmental management, development or sustainability issues anywhere in the world, including the United Nations, government policy makers, NGOs and other stakeholder groups, the business community, and students and professionals. This fully revised and updated edition contains over 500 new entries and acronyms on global environmental governance as well a new introductory section on global water governance, one of the most pressing environmental issues in our era of climate change, growing populations and food shortages. Praise for the first edition:

Sustainable Food Security in the Era of Local and Global Environmental Change

Sustainable Food Security in the Era of Local and Global Environmental Change
A Book

by Mohamed Behnassi,Olaf Pollmann,Gabrielle Kissinger

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-07-01
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 9400767196
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume discusses a broad range of vital issues encompassing the production and consumption of food in the current period of climate change. All of these add up to looming, momentous challenges to food security, especially for people in regions where malnutrition and famine have been the norm during numerous decades. Furthermore, threats to food security do not stop at the borders of more affluent countries – governance of food systems and changes in eating patterns will have worldwide consequences. The book is arranged in four broad sections. Part I, Combating Food Insecurity: A Global Responsibility opens with a chapter describing the urgent necessity for new paradigm and policy set to meet the food security challenges of climate change. Also in this section are chapters on meat and the dimensions of animal welfare, climate change and sustainability; on dietary options for mitigating climate change; and the linkage of forest and food production in the context of the REDD+ approach to valuation of forests. Part II, Managing Linkages Between Climate Change and Food Security offers a South Asian perspective on Gender, Climate Change and Household Food Security; a chapter on food crisis in sub-Saharan Africa; and separate chapters on critical issues of food supply and production in Nigeria, far-Western Nepal and the Sudano-Sahelian zone of Cameroon. Part III examines Food Security and patterns of production and consumption, with chapters focused on Morocco, Thailand, Bahrain, Kenya and elsewhere. The final section discusses successful, innovative practices, with chapters on Food Security in Knowledge-Based Economy; Biosaline Agriculture in the Gulf States; Rice production in a cotton zone of Benin; palm oil in the production of biofuel; and experiments in raised-bed wheat production. The editors argue that technical prescriptions are insufficient to manage the food security challenge. They propose and explain a holistic approach for adapting food systems to global environmental change, which demands the engagement of many disciplines – a new, sustainable food security paradigm.

Focus on Biodiversity Research

Focus on Biodiversity Research
A Book

by Jan Schwartz

  • Publisher : Nova Publishers
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 9781600213724
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biological diversity, or "biodiversity," refers to the variety of all life on earth, and the complex relationships among living things, and between living things and their environment. Biodiversity includes genetic variety, species diversity, and variability in communities, ecosystems and landscapes. Biodiversity sustains the environments in which we live and on which our lives and those of every other living creature on Earth depend. Thanks to biodiversity, we are able to obtain such necessary goods as food, clothing, medicine, and fuel. Equally important are the ecosystem services that biodiversity provides, such as clean air and drinkable water. Conservation scientists have identified a number of universal threats to biodiversity: habitat loss and degradation, invasive species, pollution, overpopulation, overexploitation and consumption, and global climate change. This book examines critical issues in this field from researchers around the globe.