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Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment

Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018-05
  • Pages : 367
  • ISBN : 9781642240498
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The availability of adequate freshwater has become a limiting factor of the quality of life, worldwide. More than availability, the problem is often the rational use of water than ensure its continuality. In the semi-arid and arid regions water scarcity was always a dominant problem moreover, the interference with the natural hydrologic cycle as a result of overexploitation of both surface and ground waters and of changes in land usage resulted not only in the reduction of the available water amounts but also in the deterioration of the water quality due to pollution from urban, industrial and agricultural practices and salinity build-up in soil and water. Such a situation is in all cases a pretext for discord and assignment of blame on those supposedly responsible for the deterioration of the water accessibility , especially in view of the possible high cost and technical complexity of the measures that need to be taken for remedying and alleviating the situation.Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment presents insight into the multifaceted relationship between water scarcity and climate change, agricultural water-use effectiveness, and crop-water stress management as for sustainable crop production these cause- and effect relationships and classifying the most apposite responses are vital.Ample evidence exists that improved on-farm water management can close water-related yield gaps to a considerable degree, but its global significance remains unclear. In this book, we investigate systematically to what extent integrated crop water management might contribute to closing the global food gap, constrained by the assumption that pressure on water resources and land does not increase. This book serves as a helpful guide to students, practitioners, researchers, policy makers, and research institutions in agricultural water management, irrigation and drainage, crop physiology, and sustainable agriculture.

Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment

Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment
Tools, Strategies, and Challenges for Woody Crops

by Ivan Francisco Garcia Tejero,Victor Hugo Duran Zuazo

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-01-03
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN : 0128131659
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment: Tools, Strategies and Challenges for Woody Crops explores the complex relationship between water scarcity and climate change, agricultural water-use efficiency, crop-water stress management and modeling water scarcity in woody crops. Understanding these cause- and effect relationships and identifying the most appropriate responses are critical for sustainable crop production. The book focuses on Mediterranean environments to explain how to determine the most appropriate strategy and implement an effective plan; however, core concepts are translational to other regions. Informative for those working in agricultural water management, irrigation and drainage, crop physiology and sustainable agriculture. Focuses on semi-arid crops including olive, vine, citrus, almonds, peach, nectarine, plum, subtropical fruits and others Explores crop physiological responses to drought at plant, cellular and/or molecular levels Presents tool options for assessing crop-water status and irrigation scheduling

Resources Use Efficiency in Agriculture

Resources Use Efficiency in Agriculture
A Book

by Sandeep Kumar

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9811569533
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Agro-Environmental Sustainability in MENA Regions

Agro-Environmental Sustainability in MENA Regions
A Book

by Mohamed Abu-hashim

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 3030785742
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Irrigation in Agroecosystems

Irrigation in Agroecosystems
A Book

by Gabrijel Ondrasek

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2019-01-23
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN : 1789849233
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The agroecosystem is one of the most fascinating, purposely human-created functional units, by which human species made a huge leap from predators and nomads to food growers (agriculturists). Irrigation is one of the oldest and still one of the most effective agricultural practices for providing continuous and quality foodstuffs.

Water-related Technologies for Sustainable Agriculture in U.S. Arid/semiarid Lands

Water-related Technologies for Sustainable Agriculture in U.S. Arid/semiarid Lands
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1983
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chromosome Manipulation for Plant Breeding Purposes

Chromosome Manipulation for Plant Breeding Purposes
A Book

by Pilar Prieto

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2021-01-29
  • Pages : 138
  • ISBN : 3036500243
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The ability to exploit the potential of wild relatives carrying beneficial traits is a major goal in breeding programs. However, it relies on the possibility of the chromosomes from the crop and wild species in interspecific crosses to recognize, associate, and undergo crossover formation during meiosis, the cellular process responsible for producing gametes with half the genetic content of their parent cells. Unfortunately, in most cases, a barrier exists preventing successful hybridization between the wild and crop chromosomes. Understanding the mechanisms controlling chromosome associations during meiosis are of great interest in plant breeding and will allow chromosome manipulation to introduce genetic variability from related species into a crop. In addition to interspecific hybrids, other materials, such as natural and synthetic polyploids and introgression lines derived from allopolyploids, among others, are powerful tools in the framework of plant breeding. For example, an extra pair of alien chromosomes in the full genome complement of a crop species has been frequently used as a first step to access genetic variation from the secondary gene pool in breeding programs. In addition, such introgression lines are also pivotal in the study of interspecific genetic interactions, in the chromosomal location of genetic markers, and in the study of chromosome structure and behavior in somatic and meiotic cells. Contained in this Special Issue are accounts of original research, including new tools to identify chromosome introgressions and the development and characterization of introgression lines and interspecific hybrids carrying desirable agronomic traits for plant breeding purposes. Also included are reviews about the chromosome engineering of tropical cash crops and the effect of chromosome structure on chromosome associations and recombination during meiosis to allow chromosome manipulation in the framework of plant breeding.

Photosynthesis, Respiration, and Climate Change

Photosynthesis, Respiration, and Climate Change
A Book

by Katie M. Becklin

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 389
  • ISBN : 3030649261
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations and global climate conditions have altered photosynthesis and plant respiration across both geologic and contemporary time scales. Understanding climate change effects on plant carbon dynamics is critical for predicting plant responses to future growing conditions. Furthermore, demand for biofuel, fibre and food production is rapidly increasing with the ever-expanding global human population, and our ability to meet these demands is exacerbated by climate change. This volume integrates physiological, ecological, and evolutionary perspectives on photosynthesis and respiration responses to climate change. We explore this topic in the context of modeling plant responses to climate, including physiological mechanisms that constrain carbon assimilation and the potential for plants to acclimate to rising carbon dioxide concentration, warming temperatures and drought. Additional chapters contrast climate change responses in natural and agricultural ecosystems, where differences in climate sensitivity between different photosynthetic pathways can influence community and ecosystem processes. Evolutionary studies over past and current time scales provide further insight into evolutionary changes in photosynthetic traits, the emergence of novel plant strategies, and the potential for rapid evolutionary responses to future climate conditions. Finally, we discuss novel approaches to engineering photosynthesis and photorespiration to improve plant productivity for the future. The overall goals for this volume are to highlight recent advances in photosynthesis and respiration research, and to identify key challenges to understanding and scaling plant physiological responses to climate change. The integrated perspectives and broad scope of research make this volume an excellent resource for both students and researchers in many areas of plant science, including plant physiology, ecology, evolution, climate change, and biotechnology. For this volume, 37 experts contributed chapters that span modeling, empirical, and applied research on photosynthesis and respiration responses to climate change. Authors represent the following seven countries: Australia (6); Canada (9), England (5), Germany (2), Spain (3), and the United States (12).

Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity

Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity
Management of Drought and Water Scarcity

by Saeid Eslamian,Faezeh A. Eslamian

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-09-01
  • Pages : 782
  • ISBN : 1351851144
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume includes over 30 chapters, written by experts from around the world. It examines numerous management strategies for dealing with drought and scarcity. These strategies include management approaches for different regions, such as coastal, urban, rural, and agricultural areas. It offers multiple strategies for monitoring, assessing, and forcasting drought through the use of remote sensing and GIS tools. It also presents drought mitigation management strategies, such as groundwater management, rainwater harvesting, conservations practices, and more.

Soil Health Restoration and Management

Soil Health Restoration and Management
A Book

by Ram Swaroop Meena

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-08-23
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN : 981138570X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Meeting the food requirements of an ever-increasing population is a pressing challenge for every country around the globe. Soil degradation has a negative impact on food security by reducing the cultivated land areas, while at the same time the world population is predicted to increase to 9.2 billion in 2050. Soil degradation adversely affects soil function and productivity and degraded soils now amount to 6 billion ha worldwide. The major factors are salinization, erosion, depletion of nutrients due to exhaustive agricultural practices and contamination with toxic metal ions and agrochemicals, which reduces the activity of soil microbe. In addition, poor soil management also decreases fertility. As such, measures are required to restore the soil health and productivity: organic matter, beneficial microorganisms and nutrient dynamics can all improve the physical, chemical and biological properties of soil. Understanding the role of soil health restoration and management in sustainability and nutritional security calls for a holistic approach to assess soil functions and examine the contributions of a particular management system within a defined timescale. Further, best management practices in cropping systems are important in ensuring sustainability and food and nutritional security without compromising the soil quality and productivity potential. Rational soil management practices must allow environmentally and economically sustainable yields and restoration of soil health.

Innovations in Sustainable Agriculture

Innovations in Sustainable Agriculture
A Book

by Muhammad Farooq,Michele Pisante

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-10-29
  • Pages : 627
  • ISBN : 3030231690
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume is a ready reference on sustainable agriculture and reinforce the understanding for its utilization to develop environmentally sustainable and profitable food production systems. It describes ecological sustainability of farming systems, present innovations for improving efficiency in the use of resources for sustainable agriculture and propose technological options and new areas of research in this very important area of agriculture.

Sustainable Agriculture

Sustainable Agriculture
A Book

by Christine Jakobsson

  • Publisher : Baltic University Press
  • Release : 2014-11-25
  • Pages : 505
  • ISBN : 9186189107
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Agriculture and Environmental Challenges

Agriculture and Environmental Challenges
Proceedings of the Thirteenth Agricultural Sector Symposium

by Jitendra Srivastava,Harold Alderman

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 1993-01-01
  • Pages : 289
  • ISBN : 9780821325858
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Annotation Symposium on environmentally sustainable agricultutal development.Twenty-seven specialists discuss policies and techniques for advancing agricultural development and protecting the environment. The discussions on agricultural management examine how the environment is affected by population growth, conservation tillage, moisture management, soil fertility, and biological nitrogen fertilization.Several strategies offer ways to raise the productivity of women farmers, target women for extension programs, and address fuel issues of special concern to women.The symposium also explores the relationship between poverty and agricultural resource management. Key topics include the effects of deforestation, conservation, and population growth on poverty and the ways in which supply-led credit could be used to rehabilitate the environment.

Molecular Aspects of Plant Beneficial Microbes in Agriculture

Molecular Aspects of Plant Beneficial Microbes in Agriculture
A Book

by Vivek Sharma,Richa Salwan,Laith Tawfeeq

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-03-10
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN : 0128184701
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Molecular Aspects of Plant Beneficial Microbes in Agriculture explores their diverse interactions, including the pathogenic and symbiotic relationship which leads to either a decrease or increase in crop productivity. Focusing on these environmentally-friendly approaches, the book explores their potential in changing climatic conditions. It presents the exploration and regulation of beneficial microbes in offering sustainable and alternative solutions to the use of chemicals in agriculture. The beneficial microbes presented here are capable of contributing to nutrient balance, growth regulators, suppressing pathogens, orchestrating immune response and improving crop performance. The book also offers insights into the advancements in DNA technology and bioinformatic approaches which have provided in-depth knowledge about the molecular arsenal involved in mineral uptake, nitrogen fixation, growth promotion and biocontrol attributes. Covers the molecular attributes of biocontrol, PGPR and mycorrhizal associations involved in the three-way interaction between beneficial microbes-host-pathogen Explores the role of technological interventions in exploring molecular mechanisms Provides detailed and comprehensive insights about recent trends in the use of microbial genetic engineering for agricultural application

Balancing Water for Humans and Nature

Balancing Water for Humans and Nature
The New Approach in Ecohydrology

by Johan Rockstrom

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-06-17
  • Pages : 247
  • ISBN : 1136571426
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Balancing Water for Humans and Nature, authored by two of the world's leading experts on water management, examines water flows - the 'blood stream' of both nature and society - in terms of the crucial links, balances, conflicts and trade-offs between human and environmental needs. The authors argue that a sustainable future depends fundamentally on our ability to manage these trade-offs and encourage long-term resilience. They advocate an ecohydrological approach to land/water/environmental problems and advance a strong, reasoned argument for viewing precipitation as the gross fresh water resource, ultimately responsible for sustaining all terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem services. This book makes the most coherent and holistic argument to date for a new ecological approach to understanding and managing water resources for the benefit of all. Basing their analysis on per capita needs for an acceptable nutritional diet, the authors analyse predictions of the amounts of water needed for global food production by 2050 and identify potential sources. Drawing on small-scale experiences in Africa and Asia, they also cover the vulnerability of the semi-arid tropics through a simplified model of green and blue water scarcity components.

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 32

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 32
Waste Recycling and Fertilisation

by Eric Lichtfouse

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-11-08
  • Pages : 297
  • ISBN : 3319989146
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book summarise advanced knowledge and methods to recycle waste and fertilise soils in agriculture. In the near future, waste recycling will no longer be an option because natural resources become rare and costly, urbanisation is blooming and population is growing. In theory, most waste could be recycled. In practice, most waste is wasted. Remarkable aspects include the concepts of waste hierarchy eco-houses in smart cities, microbes and fungi for plant nutrition, and benefits of legume cultivation, biochar application and agropastoralism.

Sustainable Agriculture, Forest and Environmental Management

Sustainable Agriculture, Forest and Environmental Management
A Book

by Manoj Kumar Jhariya,Arnab Banerjee,Ram Swaroop Meena,Dhiraj Kumar Yadav

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-05-28
  • Pages : 606
  • ISBN : 9811368309
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The recent technologies for sustainable development and maintaining ecological integrity in the field of agriculture, forestry and environmental management for the green future. Describes the recent technologies and issues to generate awareness among the global scientific community towards sustainable development. Covers various eco-friendly approaches for successful management of soil, water, forest, agriculture, and other natural resources. Addresses the policy issues promoting conservation, protection and management of various natural resources. Presents the issues of climate change and sustainable strategies to combat such a mega event. The existence of life on the earth primarily depends upon the agriculture, forest and environment. The changing climate is imposing the multifaceted challenges in front of human civilization. The agroecosystem management practices and technologies leads to higher productivity with destruction of agricultural, forest and environmental habitat leading to soil-water-air pollution. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) plays a key role in the promoting research and developmental activities in various sectors to achieve the sustainable development goals under 2030 agenda. Gradual growth of science and technology has imposed a significant pressure on the different ecosystem. In this context, approaches such as sustainable agriculture, forestry and eco-friendly technologies need to be address across the world. Keeping view of these facts this book underlines scientific chapters dealing with the issues with proper explanation, and accompanied by illustrative diagrams, tables, database as required. The editors have tried to provide a brief scenario about the current issues related to the agriculture, forestry and environment. Therefore, the book would be a very useful resource for academicians, scientists, and policy makers of the related field.

Adaptive Agricultural Practices

Adaptive Agricultural Practices
Building Resilience in a Changing Climate

by Pradeep Kumar Dubey,Gopal Shankar Singh,Purushothaman Chirakkuzhyil Abhilash

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-05-16
  • Pages : 132
  • ISBN : 3030155196
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This brief explores several adaptive agricultural practices from around the world to fulfill current and future agricultural demands for food security due to the challenges posed by climate change and growing global population. Readers will discover how farmers adapt to environmental changes by adopting various agronomic practices at crop, farm and landscape levels. Particular attention is given to systemic and transformational adaptation strategies employed by farmers such as mulching, organic farming and crop diversification. This is a highly informative and carefully presented book that provides insights on how crops can build up resilience against periods of drought, high salinity, disasters such as floods, and diseases. The policy implications and future prospects of these adaptation strategies are also addressed. Environmental and plant scientists, agronomists and researchers in climate sciences will find this book interesting.

Proceedings of Olivebioteq 2018 – Olive Management, Biotechnology and Authenticity of Olive Products

Proceedings of Olivebioteq 2018 – Olive Management, Biotechnology and Authenticity of Olive Products
A Book

by José Enrique Fernández,Antonio Diaz Espejo,José Manuel Martínez-Rivas,Wenceslao Moreda

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2020-08-28
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889639509
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Water Interactions with Energy, Environment, Food and Agriculture Volume I

Water Interactions with Energy, Environment, Food and Agriculture Volume I

by Maria Concepcion Donoso

  • Publisher : EOLSS Publications
  • Release : 2009-02-25
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN : 1848261721
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Water Interactions with Energy, Environment, Food and Agriculture is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The theme discusses water's importance to energy generation, the environment, food, and agriculture. It begins with an analysis of the interrelations between water and the environment. Consideration is given to the relationship between water and human health. Water's dynamic role in the food production process; Ecosystem Character; Water Quality and Environment; Climate Change and Water Resources; Water Resources For Agricultural and Food Production; Water Balance in Agriculture Areas; Water Contamination from Rural Production Systems; Water Interactions with Human Development ;Economic Development; and Cultural Development are considered. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, Managers, and Decision makers and NGOs